nep-ent New Economics Papers
on Entrepreneurship
Issue of 2006‒11‒12
four papers chosen by
Marcus Dejardin
Facultes Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix

  1. Necessity and Opportunity Entrepreneurs in Germany: Characteristics and Earnings Differentials By Block, Joern; Wagner, Marcus
  2. Reducing Start-up costs for New Firms: The Double Dividend on the Labor Market By Paul Frijters; Uwe Dulleck; Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
  3. The role of Entrepreneurial Universities in interfacing Competitive Advantages: The Case of Beira Interior region (Portugal) By Ferreira, Joao; Leitao, Joao; Raposo, Mario
  4. Uusyrittäjien kasvuhakuisuus By Mika Pajarinen; Petri Rouvinen; Pekka Ylä-Anttila

  1. By: Block, Joern; Wagner, Marcus
    Abstract: Our paper uses data from the German Socio Economic Panel Study (GSOEP) to analyze how necessity and opportunity entrepreneurs differ in kind and in earnings and what the determinants of the latter are. We estimate probit and random effects panel data models in order to address these questions. We find that the two types of entrepreneurs differ as concerns age, gender and other characteristics, but not with regard to education levels. Furthermore, opportunity entrepreneurs earn significantly more in our sample and the determinants of earnings levels differ to some degree. We conclude that our findings indicate a need to distinguish between the two groups in entrepreneurship policy-making. The results also show that commonly used specifications of earnings equations in labour economics seem to work better for opportunity than for necessity entrepreneurs.
    Keywords: opportunity entrepreneurship; necessity entrepreneurship; earnings equation; wage equation; entrepreneurship; Germany; GSOEP
    JEL: J23
    Date: 2006–04–01
  2. By: Paul Frijters; Uwe Dulleck; Rudolf Winter-Ebmer (School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology)
    Abstract: Starting a firm with expansive potential is an option for educated and high-skilled workers. If there are labor market frictions, this additional option can be seen as reducing the chances of ending up in a low-wage job and hence as increasing the incentives for education. In a matching model, we show that reducing the start-up costs for new firms results in higher take-up rates of education. It also gives rise—through a thick-market externality—to higher rates of job creation for high-skilled labor as well as average match productivity. We provide empirical evidence to support our argument.
    Keywords: Matching; education; start-up costs; venture capital; bureaucratic hurdles
    Date: 2006
  3. By: Ferreira, Joao; Leitao, Joao; Raposo, Mario
    Abstract: This paper reveals the importance of a local entrepreneurial university in interfacing competitive advantages, by assuming the condition of most influent and dynamic engine of regional development. The strategic diagnosis provides the identification of a dominant quadrant in the TOWS matrix application to the Beira Interior region, which is dominated by Mini-Maxi strategies. For improving the competitive positioning of that region, the transition from the dominant quadrant (Mini-Maxi) to the most desirable quadrant (Maxi-Maxi) is also proposed. In this sense, the University assumes a fundamental role in the design and in the promotion of the proposed set of strategic actions, which should be implemented in two critical areas: traditional activities and tourism; and entrepreneurship and innovation. In terms of future research, the same analytical tool could be applied to other regions with a similar competitive profile, in order to obtain comparative analyses and to better calibrate the TOWS Matrix.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Regional Development; Strategy.
    JEL: M13 R11
    Date: 2006–10–10
  4. By: Mika Pajarinen; Petri Rouvinen; Pekka Ylä-Anttila
    Keywords: entrepreneurship, nascent, growth firm, start-up, growth-orientation
    JEL: D92 M13
    Date: 2006–11–03

This nep-ent issue is ©2006 by Marcus Dejardin. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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