nep-ent New Economics Papers
on Entrepreneurship
Issue of 2005‒09‒17
four papers chosen by
Marcus Dejardin
Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix

  1. A Reflection of the Indian Women in Entrepreneurial World By Kollan Bharti; Parikh Indira J
  2. Knowledge Representation and Search Processes - a contribution to the microeconomics of invention and innovation By Frank Beckenbach
  4. Liquidity Constraint and Child Labor In India: Is Market Really Incapable Of Eradicating It From Wage-Labor Households? By Basab Dasgupta

  1. By: Kollan Bharti; Parikh Indira J
    Abstract: Entrepreneurship amongst women has been a recent concern. Women have become aware of their existence their rights and their work situation. However, women of the middle class are not too eager to alter their role in fear of social backlash. The progress is more visible among upper class families in urban cities. This paper focuses on Women entrepreneur. Any understanding of Indian women, of their identity, and especially of their role taking and breaking new paths, will be incomplete without a walk down the corridors of Indian history where women have paused, lived and internalized various role models. Some have taken entrepreneurship roles where some have opted for employment, some in entertainment field and some for leadership roles while millions of others have taken the role of ideal stereotyped social roles. The paper slides from the era of fifties to the 21st centuries and how transformation has occurred in the women roles. Also the paper talks about the status of women entrepreneurs and the problems faced by them when they ventured out to carve their own niche in the competitive world of business environment.
    Date: 2005–08–26
  2. By: Frank Beckenbach (Department of Economics, University of Kassel)
    Abstract: Novelty creating processes have been mainly analysed in a 'post-revelation' situation and by taking a meso (or even macro) level perspective. One reason for this might be a methodological caveat according to which firstly the novelty creating process (henceforth: ncp) is totally conjectural without anything to generalize and secondly the results of a ncp can not be anticipated leaving only room for some after-the-fact-analysis on a more or less aggregated level. Without denying these assumptions the following considerations assume that it is worthwhile to analyse the ncp from a microeconomic perspective including 'prerevelation' situations. The subject matter of such an analysis is constituted by the following components: - the triggering conditions for ncps, - the constraints for ncps, - the expectations of agents/agencies promoting ncps, - the heuristics for ncps and finally - the processing of the ncps themselves. In this article I will deal with these topics by proceeding in the following manner: (1) I discuss the shortcomings of the usual analysis of ncp in evolutionary economics and pick up some hints of the cognitive sciences to overcome these conceptual shortcomings (section II). (2) I try to combine stylised facts of the microeconomic analysis of ncps with conceptual ideas about a cognitive architecture of agents and knowledge networks for getting a modelling framework. (3) I will present some preliminary simulation results for parts of this simulation model (section III).
    Date: 2005–08
  3. By: Felici Roberto (BOLOGNA); Pagnini Marcello (BOLOGNA)
    Abstract: We examine the determinants of entry into Italian local banking markets during the period 1991-2002 and build a simple model in which the probability of branching in a new market depends on the features of both the local market and the potential entrant. Our econometric findings show that, all else being equal, banks are more likely to expand into those markets that are closest to their pre-entry locations. We also find that large banks are more able to cope with distance-related entry costs than small banks. Finally, we show that banks have become increasingly able to open branches in distant markets, probably due to the advent of information and communication technologies.
    Keywords: entry, barriers to entry, local banking markets, geographical distance.
    JEL: G21 L13 L22 R30
    Date: 2005–06
  4. By: Basab Dasgupta (University of Connecticut)
    Abstract: One way to measure the lower steady state equilibrium outcome in human capital development is the incidence of child labor in most of the developing countries. With the help of Indian household level data in an overlapping generation framework, we show that production loans under credit rationing are not optimally extended towards firms because of issues with adverse selection. More stringent rationing in the credit market creates a distortion in the labor market by increasing adult wage rate and the demand for child labor. Lower availability of funds under stringent rationing coupled with increased demand for loans induces the high risk firms to replace adult labor by child labor. A switch of regime from credit rationing to revelation regime can clear such imperfections in the labor market. The equilibrium higher wage rate elevates the household consumption to a significantly higher level than the subsistence under credit rationing and therefore higher level of human capital development is assured leading to no supply of child labor.
    Keywords: Credit Rationing, Informal Credit, Child Labor, Self Revelation Mechanism
    JEL: O16 O17
    Date: 2005–08

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