nep-ene New Economics Papers
on Energy Economics
Issue of 2008‒04‒04
two papers chosen by
Roger Fouquet
Imperial College, UK

  1. Building and interconnecting hydrogen networks : insights from the electricity and gas experience in Europe By Nuno Bento
  2. A general equilibrium analysis of demand side management programs under the clean development mechanism of the kyoto protocol By Timilsina, Govinda R.

  1. By: Nuno Bento (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Économie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - CNRS : UMR5252 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)
    Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the transition to a new energy system based on hydrogen in the European liberalized framework. After analyzing the literature on the hydrogen infrastructure needs in Europe, we estimate the size and scope of the transition challenge. We take the theoretical framework of network economics to analyze early hydrogen infrastructure needs. Therefore, several concepts are applied to hydrogen economics such as demand club effects, scale economies on large infrastructures, scope economies, and positive socio-economical externalities. On the examples of the electricity and natural gas industry formation in Europe, we argue for public intervention in order to create conditions to reach more rapidly the critical size of the network and to prompt network externalities allowing for the market diffusion of and, thus, an effective transition to the new energy system.
    Keywords: Network economics ; infrastructure ; hydrogen
    Date: 2008–03
  2. By: Timilsina, Govinda R.
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the economic and environmental consequences of a potential demand side management program in Thailand using a general equilibrium model. The program considers replacement of less efficient electrical appliances in the household sector with more efficient counterparts. The study further examines changes in the economic and environmental effects of the program if it is implemented under the cl ean development mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol, which provides carbon subsidies to the program. The study finds that the demand side management program would increase economic welfare if the ratio of unit cost of electricity savings to price of electricity is 0.4 or lower even in the absence of the clean development mechanism. If the program ' s ratio of unit cost of electricity savings to price of electricity is greater than 0.4, registration of the program under the clean development mechanism would be needed to achieve positive welfare impacts. The level of welfare impacts would, however, depend on the price of carbon credits the program generates. For a given level of welfare impacts, the registration of the demand side management program under the clean development mechanism would increase the volume of emission reductions.
    Keywords: Energy Production and Transportation,Environmental Economics & Policies,Economic Theory & Research,Environment and Energy Efficiency,Energy and Environment
    Date: 2008–03–01

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