nep-eff New Economics Papers
on Efficiency and Productivity
Issue of 2014‒10‒22
eleven papers chosen by

  1. Firms, Productivity and Trade By Gopinath, Munisamy; Choi, Jangho
  2. Productivity Growth, Trade and Poverty By Martin, Will
  3. The Exporting and Productivity Nexus: Does Firm Size Matter? By Cassey LEE
  4. Estimating Direct and Indirect Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on firm Productivity in the Presence of Interactions between Firms By Sourafel Girma; Yundan Gong; Holger Görg; Sandra Lancheros
  5. The impact of diversity on group and individual performance By Swarnodeep Homroy; Kwok Tong Soo
  6. The role of fund size in the performance of mutual funds assessed with DEA models By Antonella Basso; Stefania Funari
  7. Impact of Trade Openness on Technical Efficiency: Agricultural Sector of the European Union By Hart, Jarret
  8. Logistics Performance: a Theoretical Conceptual Model for Small and Medium Enterprises By Rui Mansidão; Luís A. G. Coelho
  9. Local intermediate inputs and the shared supplier spillovers of foreign direct investment By Kee, Hiau Looi
  10. Regional Impacts of High Speed Rail in China : Spatial Proximity and Productivity in an Emerging Economy By Ying Jin; Richard Bullock; Wanli Fang
  11. Territories, logistics services and infrastructures: a survey of manufacturers By Enrico Beretta; Andrea Migliardi

  1. By: Gopinath, Munisamy; Choi, Jangho
    Keywords: International Relations/Trade, Productivity Analysis,
    Date: 2013–12
  2. By: Martin, Will
    Keywords: International Relations/Trade, Productivity Analysis,
    Date: 2013–12
  3. By: Cassey LEE (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies)
    Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to examine whether the relationship between exporting and productivity differs across firm sizes in the Malaysian manufacturing sector. A firm-level panel data from the Study on Knowledge Content in Economic Sectors in Malaysia (MyKE) is used in the study. Overall, exporters were found to be more productive than non-exporters. This productivity gap becomes less important as firms become larger. There is evidence that the selection process for exporting is binding only for small firms. Policies that are meant to encourage small firms to export need to focus on enhancing human capital and foreign ownership.
    Keywords: Globalisation, Firm Size, Exporting, Productivity
    JEL: L60 O30 F14
    Date: 2014
  4. By: Sourafel Girma; Yundan Gong; Holger Görg; Sandra Lancheros
    Abstract: We implement a method to estimate the direct effects of foreign-ownership on foreign firms' productivity and the indirect effects (or spillovers) from the presence of foreign-owned firms on other foreign and domestic firms' productivity in a unifying framework, taking interactions between firms into account. To do so, we relax a fundamental assumption made in empirical studies examining a direct causal effect of foreign ownership on firm productivity, namely that of no interactions between firms. Based on our approach, we are able to combine direct and indirect effects of foreign ownership and calculate the total effect of foreign firms on local productivity. Our results show that all these effects vary with the level of foreign presence within a cluster, an important finding for the academic literature and policy debate on the benefits of attracting foreign owned firms
    Keywords: foreign direct investment, treatment effects, SUTVA, propensity score matching
    JEL: F23 C19
    Date: 2014–09
  5. By: Swarnodeep Homroy; Kwok Tong Soo
    Abstract: Using data on a student group project in which groups are exogenously formed, we examine the potential productivity gains from employing work-teams which are diverse in terms of gender, nationality and ability. We find no significant effect of diversity on overall team performance, except when the team members are from different socio-cultural backgrounds. More importantly, we find that students who have worked in more diverse teams experience a subsequent improvement in individual productivity. These individual productivity gains hold for both domestic and foreign students, and for students of different levels of ability. Our results suggest a mechanism by which diversity enhances individual and collective performance.
    Keywords: Group composition, diversity, performance
    Date: 2014
  6. By: Antonella Basso; Stefania Funari
    Abstract: This contribution studies the role of the size of mutual funds in the evaluation of the fund performance with a data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach, with the aim of studying the issue from different angles and with different statistical tools and of testing the presence of economies or diseconomies of scale in the mutual funds market. Firstly, we discuss the role of fund size in the performance evaluation and wonder whether it is appropriate to include size information among the variables of DEA models. Secondly, we analyse the presence of a relationship between the performance scores and the size of mutual funds using different statistical tests and carry out an empirical investigation on a set of European equity mutual funds.
    Keywords: Fund size, Mutual fund performance evaluation, Data envelopment analysis (DEA).
    JEL: C65 G1 G23
    Date: 2014–10
  7. By: Hart, Jarret
    Keywords: International Relations/Trade, Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies,
    Date: 2013–12
  8. By: Rui Mansidão (School of Technology of Setúbal/IPS); Luís A. G. Coelho (CEFAGE-UE and Management Department, Évora University)
    Abstract: This paper presents a theoretical conceptual model for evaluation of logistics performance for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Based on recent theoretical developments, grounded in a survey of the most important literature in the field, it analyzes the impact of the logistics function on organizational performance. The three main models of logistics performance applied to SMEs inspire the model presented: Fugate et al (2010), Aramyan et al (2007) and Töyli et al (2008). The conceptual model developed in this work is built on three basic elements: organizational performance, competitive advantage and logistics performance, which are grounded in the dimensions of efficiency, effectiveness and service level.
    Keywords: Logistics Performance; Organizational Performance; Competitive Advantage; Efficiency, effectiveness and SMEs.
    JEL: D21 D24 M10
    Date: 2014
  9. By: Kee, Hiau Looi
    Abstract: Trade liberalizations have been shown to improve domestic firms'performance through the new varieties of imported intermediate inputs. This paper uses a unique, representative sample of Bangladeshi garment firms to highlight that local intermediate inputs may also enhance domestic firms'performance, through the shared supplier spillovers of foreign direct investment (FDI) firms. An exogenous EU trade policy shock is shown to cause some FDI firms in Bangladesh to expand, which led to better performance of the domestic firms that shared their suppliers. Overall, the shared supplier spillovers of FDI explain 1/4 of the product scope expansion and 1/3 of the productivity gains within domestic firms.
    Keywords: Markets and Market Access,Water and Industry,Economic Theory&Research,E-Business,Labor Policies
    Date: 2014–09–01
  10. By: Ying Jin; Richard Bullock; Wanli Fang
    Keywords: Banks and Banking Reform Transport Economics Policy and Planning Social Protections and Labor - Labor Policies Economic Theory and Research Private Sector Development - E-Business Finance and Financial Sector Development Transport Macroeconomics and Economic Growth
    Date: 2013–06
  11. By: Enrico Beretta (Bank of Italy); Andrea Migliardi (Bank of Italy)
    Abstract: This paper exploits the results of a survey conducted by the Bank of Italy in 2012 on a sample of 1,200 Italian manufacturers in order to analyse logistics costs, outsourcing and the features potentially impacting on the efficiency of the Italian supply chain. We also compare manufacturers' assessments of the possible weaknesses of logistics services with the main indicators of infrastructure endowment and local accessibility available in the literature. We find evidence of some correlations between our key variables: first, logistics costs represent a smaller proportion of total costs for manufacturers in territories with good accessibility; second, this cost ratio is higher where manufacturers encounter major hurdles that negatively affect supply-chain efficiency. Finally, manufacturers' assessments of logistics weaknesses are better for territories with easier accessibility and higher indicators of infrastructural endowment.
    Keywords: transportation, logistics, infrastructures
    JEL: L92 R41 R48
    Date: 2014–09

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