nep-edu New Economics Papers
on Education
Issue of 2023‒04‒03
eight papers chosen by
Nádia Simões
Instituto Universitário de Lisboa

  1. Do role models matter in large classes? New evidence on gender match effects in higher education By Stephan Maurer; Guido Schwerdt; Simon Wiederhold
  2. Universal Preschool Lottery Admissions and Its Effects on Long-Run Earnings and Outcomes By Randall Akee; Leah R. Clark
  3. The Effects of Access to Medicaid on the Employment and Academic Progress of College Students By Anand, Priyanka; Gicheva, Dora
  4. More time less time? The effect of lengthening the school day on learning trajectories By Martin Nistal; María Edo
  5. Extended School Day and Teenage Fertility in Dominican Republic By Santiago Garganta; Florencia Pinto
  6. Intergenerational and Sibling Spillovers in High School Majors By Dahl, Gordon B.; Rooth, Dan-Olof; Stenberg, Anders
  7. Does Schooling Affect Political Attitudes? Quasi-Experimental Evidence By Dominik Stelzeneder
  8. Women's Work, Social Norms and the Marriage Market By Afridi, Farzana; Arora, Abhishek; Dhar, Diva; Mahajan, Kanika

  1. By: Stephan Maurer; Guido Schwerdt; Simon Wiederhold
    Abstract: We study whether female students benefit from being taught by female professors, and whether such gender match effects differ by class size. We use administrative records of a German public university, covering all programs and courses between 2006 and 2018. We find that gender match effects on student performance are sizable in smaller classes, but do not exist in larger classes. This difference suggests that direct and frequent interactions between students and professors are important for the emergence of gender match effects. Instead, the mere fact that one's professor is female is not sufficient to increase performance of female students.
    Keywords: gender gap, role models, tertiary education, professors
    Date: 2023–01–09
  2. By: Randall Akee; Leah R. Clark
    Abstract: We use an admissions lottery to estimate the effect of a universal (non-means tested) preschool program on students’ long-run earnings, income, marital status, fertility and geographic mobility. We observe long-run outcomes by linking both admitted and non-admitted individuals to confidential administrative data including tax records. Funding for this preschool program comes from an Indigenous organization, which grants Indigenous students admissions preference and free tuition. We find treated children have between 5 to 6 percent higher earnings as young adults. The results are strongest for individuals from the lower half of the household income distribution in childhood. Likely mechanisms include high-quality teachers and curriculum.
    Keywords: Children, Preschool, Returns to Education, Native Americans, Long-Run Outcomes, Income, Employment, Earnings, Wage Level
    JEL: I20 I21 I24 I26 J24 J31
    Date: 2023–03
  3. By: Anand, Priyanka (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics); Gicheva, Dora (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper examines whether expanding Medicaid eligibility affects the employment patterns and academic progress of college students. To estimate causal relationships, we use variation in eligibility due to the Affordable Care Act Medicaid expansions that occurred in a subset of U.S. states. Using data from the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study, we show that expanding Medicaid resulted in a decrease in employment intensity that is most pronounced for students at community colleges. We also see evidence of students making better progress towards graduation, suggesting that expanding Medicaid may have benefited some students by allowing them to shift their focus from work to school. These findings provide insight into how access to publicly-provided health insurance can reduce inequalities in long-term education and socioeconomic outcomes.
    Keywords: postsecondary education; labor supply; health insurance; Medicaid expansion;
    JEL: I13 I21 I22 I23
    Date: 2023–03–09
  4. By: Martin Nistal; María Edo
    Abstract: We investigate to what extent lengthening the primary school days affects learning trajectories. We use national administration reports at the school level to estimate the impact of more school hours on grade retention at the primary level. Using microdata available in Argentina from 2011 to 2019, we use the variation of 1, 297 schools that added more hours of instructional time. The fact that the change from a simple regime (4 hours per day) to an extended regime (more than 4 hours but less than 8) was progressively and exogenous, conditional on infrastructure capacity, allows for estimating the effect through a difference-in-difference approach. We find that lengthening the school day reduces the grade retention of primary students by 23.1%.
    JEL: I2
    Date: 2022–11
  5. By: Santiago Garganta; Florencia Pinto
    Abstract: This paper investigates the potential impact of extended school days to reduce teenage fertility. We study the "Jornada Escolar Extendida" program, which doubled the school-day length from 4 to 8 hours in the Dominican Republic, and exploit the geographic and time variation induced by its gradual implementation. We find evidence that a higher exposure to JEE in the municipality, measured as the percentage of secondary students covered by the program, reduces the incidence of teenage pregnancies, and that the effect is stronger after the program has reached at least half of secondary students in the municipality. The estimates are robust to various specifications and alternative checks. These results suggest that extended school-day policies can have spillover effects regarding teenagers' fertility choices.
    JEL: H52 J13
    Date: 2022–11
  6. By: Dahl, Gordon B. (University of California, San Diego); Rooth, Dan-Olof (Stockholm University); Stenberg, Anders (SOFI, Stockholm University)
    Abstract: This paper estimates family spillovers in high school major choice in Sweden, where admission to oversubscribed majors is determined based on GPA. Using a regression discontinuity design, we find large sibling and intergenerational spillovers that depend on the gender mix of a dyad. Same-gender siblings copy one another, while younger brothers recoil from older sister's choices. Fathers and mothers influence sons, but not their daughters, except when a mother majors in the male-dominated program of Engineering. Back of the envelope calculations reveal these within family spillovers have sizable implications for the gender composition of majors.
    Keywords: intergenerational spillovers, sibling spillovers, high school majors, gender composition of majors
    JEL: I21 J24
    Date: 2023–02
  7. By: Dominik Stelzeneder
    Abstract: In this paper I study the direct causal effects of schooling on political attitudes of vocational students in Austria. I exploit that classes of apprentices of the same grade level and vocation are as good as randomly assigned to different school terms. This allows to compare apprentices who were at school for ten weeks with apprentices who were at work in their training firms during that time. I find that schooling has a positive direct causal effect on political interest of vocational students. This increase in political interest is, however, not accompanied by a significant increase in voting intention. Furthermore, my results suggest that apprentices who went to school while being exposed to a political affair support different parties than those apprentices who were exposed to the affair at work.
    Date: 2023–03
  8. By: Afridi, Farzana (Indian Statistical Institute); Arora, Abhishek (Harvard University); Dhar, Diva (University of Oxford); Mahajan, Kanika (Ashoka University)
    Abstract: While it is well-acknowledged that the gendered division of labor within marriage adversely affects women's allocation of time to market work, there is less evidence on how extant social norms can influence women's work choices pre-marriage. We conduct an experiment on an online marriage market platform that allows us to measure preferences of individuals in partner selection in India. We find that employed women are 14.5% less likely to receive interest from male suitors relative to women who are not working. In addition, women employed in 'masculine' occupations are 3.2% less likely to elicit interest from suitors relative to those in 'feminine' occupations. Our results highlight the strong effect of gender norms and patriarchy on marital preferences, especially for men hailing from higher castes and northern India, where communities have more traditional gender norms. These findings suggest that expectations regarding returns in the marriage market may influence women's labor market participation and the nature of market work.
    Keywords: social norms, work choices, marriage market, gender, India
    JEL: J12 J16 J24
    Date: 2023–02

This nep-edu issue is ©2023 by Nádia Simões. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.