nep-edu New Economics Papers
on Education
Issue of 2022‒03‒28
six papers chosen by
Nádia Simões
Instituto Universitário de Lisboa

  1. Information and Credible Sanctions in Curbing Online Cheating Among Undergraduates: a Field Experiment By Daniel L. Dench; Theodore J. Joyce
  2. Affirmative action with no major switching: Evidence from a top university in Brazil By Rodrigo C. Oliveira; Alei Santos; Edson Severnini
  3. Distributional Effects of Race-Blind Affirmative Action By Adam Kapor
  4. Do Inclusive Education Policies Improve Employment Opportunities? Evidence from a Field Experiment By Jorge M. Agüero; Francisco B. Galarza; Gustavo Yamada
  5. Weißmüller & DeWaele (2021) - Would you Bribe your Lecturer? A Quasi-experimental Study on Burnout and Bribery in Higher Education By Weißmüller, Kristina Sabrina; De Waele, Lode
  6. Nemo Propheta in Patria: Empirical Evidence from Italy By Millemaci, Emanuele; Patti, Alessandra

  1. By: Daniel L. Dench; Theodore J. Joyce
    Abstract: The rapid increase in online instruction in higher education has heightened concerns about cheating. We use a randomized control design to test whether informing students that we can detect plagiarism reduces cheating. We further test whether informing students they have been caught cheating reduces subsequent cheating. We find informing students about our capability to detect plagiarism has little effect on cheating. Notifying students that they have been caught cheating and are on a watch list reduces subsequent cheating attempts by at least 65 percent depending on the class and sample. We test for peer effects but conclude we cannot credibly identify peer effects distinct from own-cheating propensities.
    JEL: I23
    Date: 2022–02
  2. By: Rodrigo C. Oliveira; Alei Santos; Edson Severnini
    Abstract: Affirmative action in higher education may lead to mismatch, a situation where students benefiting from preferential admission struggle with their college-level work because of poor pre-college academic preparation. In the United States, those students can switch majors if they underperform in the originally intended major. Only in the extreme may they drop out. What happens when major switching is not allowed?
    Keywords: Affirmative action, Higher education, Brazil
    Date: 2022
  3. By: Adam Kapor (Princeton University)
    Abstract: This paper compares the impacts of providing information about college admissions and financial aid at scale to those of large-scale policies which directly impact admissions and financial aid offers. It uses variation induced by the "Top Ten Percent" policy in Texas, which guaranteed admissions to each in-state public university to all students ranking in the top decile of their high school class, to estimate a model of college applications, admissions, and achievement. Texas Top Ten caused more students from high-poverty schools to enroll at the flagship universities. Moreover, students who enrolled under it achieved higher GPAs than those who would have enrolled at flagships in its absence, primarily because the admissions guarantee induced strong students to submit applications. Texas Top Ten had small effects on minority enrollment. An expansion of a targeted scholarship program would enroll more students from high-poverty schools than would purely-informative interventions.
    Keywords: Affirmative Action, Higher Education, Financial Aid
    JEL: I22 I23
    Date: 2020–04
  4. By: Jorge M. Agüero (University of Connecticut); Francisco B. Galarza (Universidad del Pacífico); Gustavo Yamada (Universidad del Pacífico)
    Abstract: We study the employment opportunity of a college scholarship for high-achieving, low-income students in a labor market where disadvantaged groups are discriminated against. Using a correspondence audit-study we find that including information of being a scholarship recipient in a resume increases the likelihood of getting a callback for a job interview by 20%. However, the effects are much smaller in jobs and careers where the poor are under-represented. We show that this is consistent with the scholarship also sending a negative signal to employers and helps explain why actual beneficiaries almost never mention the scholarship in their resumes.
    Keywords: Employment, inclusive education, correspondence study, discrimination
    JEL: C93 I23 J7 J15
    Date: 2022–03
  5. By: Weißmüller, Kristina Sabrina (Universität Bern); De Waele, Lode
    Abstract: Bribery is a complex and critical issue in higher education (HE), causing severe economic and societal harm. Traditionally, most scholarship on HE corruption has focused on institutional factors in developing countries and insights into the psychological and motivational factors that drive HE bribery on the micro-level mechanisms are virtually non-existent. To close this research gap, this study investigates the connection between study-related burnout and university students’ willingness to offer bribes to their lecturers to pass important exams. Conducting a vignette-based quasi-experimental replication study with 624 university students in Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands we find that university students in three countries differentiate sharply between different shades of bribery and that a majority accept using emotional influence tactics to pass (failed) exams. In contrast, offering a helping hand or money (i.e., darker shades of bribery) to their lecturer was less acceptable. Study-related burnout is associated with a higher likelihood of engaging in these darker shades of bribery and students’ commitment to the public interest is but a weak factor in preventing unethical behavior. In summary, this study provides solid empirical evidence that university students are likely to use emotional influence tactics violating both the ethical codes of conduct and the formalized bureaucratic procedures of HE examination, particularly if they suffer from study-related burnout. However, the accelerating effect of burnout on bribery is conditional in that it only holds for darker shades of bribery. HE institutions may benefit from implementing the four-eye principle and from launching awareness campaigns that enable lecturers to better recognize these tactics and engage students in creating a transparent environment for testing, grading, and collaboration that is resistant to bribery.
    Date: 2021–10–05
  6. By: Millemaci, Emanuele; Patti, Alessandra
    Abstract: In recent years, young brain drain within Italian provinces has increased at higher speed than ever. While is premature to assess whether this process is transitory or permanent, it should be analysed and monitored by researchers and policy makers for its many socio-economic consequences. Previous empirical studies have demonstrated that Italian net skilled migration is influenced by economic factors, such as income per capita and employment, and, with a less extent, by the search of places endowed with more amenities. In the crossroad between these factors, this paper investigates corruption as key element of the Italian skilled mobility. To this end, a comprehensive framework with Zero-Inflated Poisson and Pseudo-Poisson Maximum Likelihood with High Dimensional Fixed Effects models for bilateral data on the Italian students’ flows is used. Results suggest the dual role of push and pull mechanisms at play, as high corruption incentivizes Italian skilled mobility to destinations that, instead, exhibit lower corruption. Moreover, sensitivity of the prospective tertiary students to corruption varies according to their field of study of interest. Finally, empirical evidence on skilled flows from the lagging Mezzogiorno to the North of Italy, suggests that the push and pull effects of corruption stir up the endurance of the well-known socio-economic dualism between these two parts of the country.
    Keywords: Labor and Human Capital, Research Methods/ Statistical Methods
    Date: 2022–03–18

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