nep-edu New Economics Papers
on Education
Issue of 2020‒01‒13
three papers chosen by
Marco Novarese
Università del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Studying the Heterogeneity of European Higher Education Institutions By Renato Bruni; Giuseppe Catalano; Cinzia Daraio; Martina Gregori; Henk F. Moed
  2. Smartphone Use and Academic Performance: First Evidence from Longitudinal Data By Simon Amez; Suncica Vujic; Lieven De Marez; Stijn Baert
  3. Identification of learning needs in interdisciplinary education By Marta Matul?íková; Benita Belá?ová

  1. By: Renato Bruni (Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering Antonio Ruberti (DIAG), University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy); Giuseppe Catalano (Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering Antonio Ruberti (DIAG), University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy); Cinzia Daraio (Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering Antonio Ruberti (DIAG), University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy); Martina Gregori (Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (DIMA), University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy); Henk F. Moed (Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering Antonio Ruberti (DIAG), University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy)
    Abstract: The heterogeneity of the Higher Education (HE) Institutions is one of the main critical issues in the assessment of their performance. A multi-level and multi-dimensional perspective is adopted, combining national (macro) and institution (micro) level data, and measuring both research and teaching activity integrated with performance indicators derived from the European Tertiary Education Register (ETER), CWTS Leiden Ranking, and PATSTAT patent database. Clustering and efficiency analysis are combined to characterize the heterogeneity of national HE systems in European countries, revealing the potential of using micro level data to characterize national level performance. We discover large differences between the European countries, partially due to the fact that they are in different phases of their scientific (and economic) development and of the re-structuring of their HE systems. We find evidence that universities specializing either in teaching or in research tend to have a higher efficiency than those institutions balancing research and teaching. We observe tradeoffs between undergraduate and post-graduate activities, and a “Matthew cumulative effect†seems in place on the European institutions analyzed: high quality research is able to attract external funds that stimulate innovative and patenting activities that in turn are self-reinforcing to the scientific activities. The results reveal once more the limits and dangers of one-dimensional approaches to the performance of HEIs.
    Keywords: university ; heterogeneity ; clustering ; efficiency analysis ; Europe
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Simon Amez; Suncica Vujic; Lieven De Marez; Stijn Baert (-)
    Abstract: To study the causal impact of smartphone use on academic performance, we collected—for the first time worldwide—longitudinal data on students’ smartphone use and educational performance. For three consecutive years we surveyed all students attending classes in eleven different study programmes at two Belgian universities on general smartphone use and other drivers of academic achievement. These survey data were merged with the exam scores of these students. We analysed the resulting data by means of panel data random effects estimation controlling for unobserved individual characteristics. A one standard deviation increase in overall smartphone use results in a decrease of 0.349 points (out of 20) and a decrease of 2.616 percentage points in the fraction of exams passed.
    Keywords: smartphone use, academic performance, longitudinal data, causality
    JEL: I23 J24
    Date: 2019–12
  3. By: Marta Matul?íková (University of Economics in Bratislava); Benita Belá?ová (University of Economics in Bratislava)
    Abstract: Evaluation of the work, requirements for the performance of work activities belong to the starting factors of monitoring and identifying needs of education. Job requirements and the performance of work activities at workplace are often connected with the requirements for knowledge, skills and experience in other fields than the qualification requirements defined for the job performance. When providing medical care, the main role is played by the medical personnel: doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and other workers, who perform demanding and responsible jobs in the course of citizen health protection. Doctors do their jobs in various types of medical facilities and are situated in various functional and job positions. These facts influence the requirements for skills, economic knowledge and financial literacy, which is not required for the medical job performance. Graduates form medical branches, except for employment relation, can perform the medical job based on defined permissions, licences, and in the implementation of freelance job. A doctor is becoming an entrepreneur and frequently has to master numerous administrative and economic activities. Graduates in medical/doctoral study programmes proceed after successful performance of medical practice/clinical practice to managerial positions on line, middle but also top levels in health facilities. The job performance necessitates also demands on knowledge and skills of managerial and economic disciplines, which represent a supplement to defined requirements for the job performance.
    Keywords: education, doctoral study program, managerial position, economic and financial literacy, performance of economic activities, needs for education
    JEL: I15 I21 I22
    Date: 2019–10

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