nep-edu New Economics Papers
on Education
Issue of 2019‒07‒15
four papers chosen by
Marco Novarese
Università del Piemonte Orientale

  1. The Long-Run Effects of Reducing Early School Tracking By Canaan, Serena
  3. The Long-Run Effects of Recessions on Education and Income By Stuart, Bryan

  1. By: Canaan, Serena (American University of Beirut)
    Abstract: Grouping students by ability is a controversial issue, and its impacts are likely to depend on the type of tracking students are exposed to. This paper studies a reform that moved French schools from a rigorous tracking system, which assigned students to tracks with significantly different learning environments and career options, to a milder form of ability-tracking that only grouped students into different classrooms. Using a regression discontinuity design, I find that the reform raised individuals’ level of education and increased their wages by 4.7 percent at ages 40 to 45, with the strongest effects occurring among individuals from low socioeconomic backgrounds.
    Keywords: tracking, returns to education, school quality
    JEL: I21 I28 J24
    Date: 2019–06
  2. By: Abha D. Jain
    Abstract: This study aimed to identify the attitudes of trainee teachers towards students with specific learning disabilities and differentiation of the curriculum. Significant differences were found between the attitudes of primary and secondary school trainee teachers, and the influence of training. There were no differences in attitudes according to experience with students with specific learning disabilities. The findings have implications for teacher training programs. The different Policies on the inclusion of students with special educational needs in mainstream classrooms have focused attention on how general education teachers perceive these students. Furthermore with specific learning disabilities forming a large group of diverse students, and teachers’ attitudes often not changing over the career span, preparing teachers for inclusive education is vitally important. Key Words:attitude, trainee teacher, primary teacher, teaching-learning Policy
    Date: 2018–03
  3. By: Stuart, Bryan (George Washington University)
    Abstract: This paper examines the long-run effects of the 1980-1982 recession on education and income. Using confidential Census data, I estimate difference-in-differences regressions that exploit variation across counties in recession severity and across cohorts in age at the time of the recession. For individuals age 0-10 in 1979, a 10 percent decrease in earnings per capita in their county of birth reduces four-year college degree attainment by 10 percent and income in adulthood by 3 percent. Simple calculations suggest that, in aggregate, the 1980-1982 recession led to 0.8-1.8 million fewer college graduates and $42-$87 billion less earned income per year.
    Keywords: human capital, education, income, recessions
    JEL: E32 I20 I30 J13 J24
    Date: 2019–06
  4. By: Swati Nigam
    Abstract: The field of education has seen a drastic change in the past two decades. The changing scenario of world economy and advancement in information and communication technology has resulted in the beginning of many new trends in education. Modern day education is all about innovation, accessibility, and suitability. From kindergarten to university, students are encouraged to learn through interactive and practical tools. Higher education is more career-oriented today than ever before. With advent of ICT, Online education is preferred because of its extendibility and expediency. It allows learners to set their own study time and duration without compromising on their present commitments. Online learning is cost effective and it carries great worth for jobseekers. Key Words:online, online education, education Policy
    Date: 2018–09

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