nep-edu New Economics Papers
on Education
Issue of 2014‒10‒17
nine papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Explaining the evolution of educational attainment in the U.S. By CASTRO, Rui; COEN-PIRANI, Daniele
  2. The Funding of Tertiary Education in New Zealand Creation Date: 1992 By M.A. Marais
  3. Is There "White Flight" into Private Schools? Evidence from the National Educational Longitudinal Survey By Fairlie, Robert
  4. Gender differences in exposure to more instruction time. Evidence from Italy. By Elena Claudia Meroni; Giovanni Abbiati
  5. Human Capital Theory, Returns to Education and On-the-job Learning: Evidence from Canadian Data By Mohsen BOUAISSA
  6. Formal Education Versus Learning-by-doing By Thérèse REBIÈRE; Frédéric GAVREL; Isabelle LEBON
  7. So Slow to Change: The Limited Growth of Non-Tax Revenues in Public Education Finance, 1991-2010 By Tom Downes; Keiran M. Killeen
  8. The Determinants of Post-Immigration Investments in Education Creation Date: 1992 By B.R. Chiswick; P.W. Miller
  9. What Future Australian Professors in Economics and Business Think: Results from twin surveys of PhD students Creation Date: 2000 By M. Tcha; H. Ahammad; Y. Qiang

  1. By: CASTRO, Rui; COEN-PIRANI, Daniele
    Abstract: We study the evolution of educational attainment of the 1932–1972 cohorts using a calibrated model of investment in human capital with heterogeneous learning ability. The inter-cohort variation in schooling is driven by changes in skill prices, tuition, and education quality over time, and average learning ability across cohorts. A version of the model with static expectations is successful in accounting for the main patterns in the data. Rising skill prices for college explain the rapid increase in college graduation till the 1948 cohort. The measured decline in average learning ability contributes to explain the stagnation in college graduation between the 1948 and 1972 cohorts.
    Keywords: Educational attainment; human capital; skill prices; inequality; cohorts
    JEL: I24 J24 J31 O11
    Date: 2014
  2. By: M.A. Marais
  3. By: Fairlie, Robert
    Abstract: Using a recently released confidential dataset from the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES), we find some evidence of "white flight" from public schools into private schools partly in response to minority schoolchildren.  We also examine whether "white flight" is from all minorities or only from certain minority groups, delineated by race or income.  We find that white families are fleeing public schools with large concentrations of poor minority schoolchildren.  In addition, the clearest flight appears to occur from poor black schoolchildren.  The results for "white flight" from Asians and Hispanics are less clear.
    Keywords: Education, Social and Behavioral Sciences, education, race, minorities, inequality, white flight, private schools
    Date: 2014–09–23
  4. By: Elena Claudia Meroni; Giovanni Abbiati
    Abstract: This paper investigates the short-term effects on achievement, study behaviours and attitude of an intervention providing extra instruction time to students in lower secondary schools in southern Italy. We use a difference-in-differences strategy and compare two contiguous cohorts of students enrolled in the same class for two consecutive years. We control for sorting of students and teachers across classes using the fact that, due to a recent reform, the group of teachers assigned to each class is stable over time. We find that the programme increased performances in mathematics but found no effect for Italian language test scores; the programme increased positive attitudes towards both subjects. We investigate the heterogeneity of the effects focusing on the gender dimension and find that boys and girls react differently to the intervention: girls use the extra instruction time as a complement to regular home study, while boys use it as a substitute.
    Date: 2014–06
  5. By: Mohsen BOUAISSA
  6. By: Thérèse REBIÈRE; Frédéric GAVREL; Isabelle LEBON
  7. By: Tom Downes; Keiran M. Killeen
    Abstract: We examine changes in the use of nontax revenues for education finance from 1991-2010. Beyond the summary of usage over time, we ask whether non- traditional revenues like fees accentuate or mitigate the impact of downturns. More generally, we examine the extent to which school districts have responded to fiscal pressures by turning to nontax revenues. We also document the extent to which the use of nontax revenues varies across according to student poverty status. We show that alternative revenues continue to be a small source of local revenues and have increased quite little since the early 1990s. There was at most a minimal shift to nontax revenues in downturns, though there is evidence of greater use of these revenues among school districts facing more permanent fiscal pressures like tax limits. Differential access to fee revenues and other alternative revenues during downturns may slightly accentuate inequities in K-12 education spending.
  8. By: B.R. Chiswick; P.W. Miller
  9. By: M. Tcha; H. Ahammad; Y. Qiang

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