nep-edu New Economics Papers
on Education
Issue of 2014‒10‒13
eighteen papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Does Immigration Induce "Native Flight" from Public Schools into Private Schools? By Fairlie, Robert
  2. The Causal Effect of Scholarships Targeted at Low Income Students on Performance: Evidence from Italy By V. Rattini
  3. The economics of research, consulting, and teaching quality: theory and evidence from a technical university By Stefano Bianchini; Francesco Lissoni; Michele Pezzoni; Lorenzo Zirulia
  4. "Ranking Economics Journals and Articles, Economics Departments, and Economists Using Teaching-Focused Research Productivity: 1991-2011" By Melody Lo; Sunny Wong; Franklin G. Mixon; Carlos J. Asarta
  5. Improving education in two extremely poor regions: triumph and tragedy By Peter Boone
  6. Impact of School Quality on Student Achievements: Evidence from a Twin Survey in Japan By NAKAMURO Makiko; OSHIO Takashi; INUI Tomohiko
  7. The Impact of High School Exit Exams on Graduation Rates and Achievement By Katherine Caves; Simone Balestra
  8. A results-based incentive scheme to improve performance By Ana María Becerra; Juan F. Castro; Gustavo Yamada
  9. Women, Medieval Commerce, and the Education Gender Gap By Graziella Bertocchi; Monica Bozzano
  10. Assessing Contribution of the North East of England's Higher Education Sector to the Regional Economy. By Andrew Hunt; Ian Stone
  11. Analysis of Education Wage Premium in Spain By Manuel Alejandro HIDALGO PEREZ
  12. Accounting for the Heterogeneity in Inter-generational Links in Educational Attainment Across Europe By Cem BASLEVENT; Hasan KIRMANOGLU
  13. Future Demand of Labour and the Need of Education in the Ã…land Islands By Jouko Kinnunen; Richard Palmer
  14. Distribution of Government Expenditure and Demand for Education Services: The Case of Indonesia By Wawan JUSWANTO
  16. The Production of PhDs in Economics and Business by Australian Universities Creation Date: 1994 By D. Chenhall; K.W. Clements
  17. Measuring Labour Mismatch in Europe By António Morgado; Tiago Neves Sequeira; Marcelo Santos; Alexandra Ferreira Lopes; Ana Balcão Reis
  18. Public Expenditures on Education, Human Capital and Growth in Canada: An OLG Model Analysis By Nabil ANNABI; Simon HARVEY; Yu LAN

  1. By: Fairlie, Robert
    Abstract: The paper tests whether native-born American families respond to inflows of immigrants by sending their children to private school.  The analysis uses 1980 and 1990 Census data from 132 metropolitan areas.  For primary school students, no significant relation between immigration and private school enrollment is found.  For secondary schools, a significant link emerges.  For every four immigrants who arrive in public high schools, it is estimated that one native student switches to a private school.  White students account for most of this flight.  Natives appear to respond mainly to immigrant children who speak a language other than English at home.
    Keywords: Education, Social and Behavioral Sciences, education, native flight, immigration, private school, inequality
    Date: 2014–09–23
  2. By: V. Rattini
    Abstract: This paper exploits discontinuities in the assigment of scholarships targeted at low income students in an Italian University in order to evaluate the effects of monetary incentives on students' academic achievement. Results reveal positive and sizeable causal effects both in terms of credits and grades. Gender differentials also emerge: male students drive the results on credits outcome while females students drive the effect on grades. These results suggest that the scholarship design contributes to reducing the probability of delayed graduation ("Fuori Corso" problem).
    JEL: H5 I21 I28
    Date: 2014–10
  3. By: Stefano Bianchini; Francesco Lissoni; Michele Pezzoni; Lorenzo Zirulia
    Abstract: We investigate the effect of both research and consulting on higher education teaching quality at the individual level. We propose a theoretical model in which academics allocate limited time between three activities, over a two period horizon, under the assumption of positive spillovers from research to both consulting opportunities and teaching, and of life cycle effects on incentives. Propositions from the model are tested against teaching evaluation data from a mid-sized Italian engineering faculty. We find that research experience improves teaching quality, but only if it does not translate into large consulting opportunities. In that case, research experience provides too strong a disincentive to invest time in teaching, and quality deteriorates.
    Keywords: higher education; teaching; academic consulting; research; economics of science
    Date: 2014–09–22
  4. By: Melody Lo; Sunny Wong; Franklin G. Mixon; Carlos J. Asarta (Department of Economics, University of Delaware)
    Abstract: Journal rankings have been used as a common low-cost management tool by academic institutions to measure research productivity among scholars. In this paper, we extend the work by Lo et al. (2008) that produced rankings of economics journals, departments, and economists based on teaching-focused research productivity. In particular, we update these rankings by using both a more refined ranking method published in Econometrica (Palacios-Huerta and Volij, 2004) and a larger database consisting of 1,172 articles published across 20 economics journals from 1991 to 2011. In addition, we produce a new ranking that provides a list of the top 20 most influential articles in the field of economic education. Our findings should be of interest to university administrators, researchers publishing in the field of economic education and students seeking graduate programs with a research focus in economic education.
    Keywords: Economic Education
    JEL: A10 A2
    Date: 2014
  5. By: Peter Boone
    Abstract: For the past few years, CEP research associate Peter Boone and his colleagues at Effective Intervention have been running primary school education projects in the rural villages of Andhra Pradesh and Guinea-Bissau. Their initial survey of literacy and numeracy in Guinea-Bissau showed that very few children were learning anything anywhere - and their efforts to change that have to date encountered insurmountable obstacles. In contrast, children in Indian villages benefitting from the two years of extra education that the project provides have scored significantly higher on tests.
    Keywords: India, West Africa, education
    Date: 2014–10
  6. By: NAKAMURO Makiko; OSHIO Takashi; INUI Tomohiko
    Abstract: This paper attempted to measure the causal effect of high school quality on academic achievement by estimating education production function in Japan. The authors combined school quality measures retrieved from official statistics with the large sample of twins collected through the web-based survey. This combined dataset enabled us to overcome selection bias and control for unobserved family and genetic characteristics of an individual. The results drawn from the empirical result suggest that school quality at the high school level are not associated with student achievements, but are associated with earnings measured in later life. Therefore, our answer to the specific causal question, does school quality matter in Japan, is “no” for academic achievements, but “yes” for labor market outcomes. The results also show that unobserved family components may play a crucial role in determining academic achievements.
    Date: 2013–10
  7. By: Katherine Caves (Department of Business Administration, University of Zurich); Simone Balestra (Department of Business Administration, University of Zurich)
    Abstract: In this paper, we examine the long-term effects of high school exit exams (HSEEs)on graduation rates and achievement using an interrupted time series approach.We find that introducing a HSEE has an overall positive effect on graduation rate trends, an effect which is heterogeneous over time. In the year of introduction and the following three years we find a negative impact of HSEE on graduation rates; this negative impact is short-lived and becomes positive over the long term. We perform robustness checks using states that do not have HSEEs as control group. We also estimate a pre-intervention negative effect, suggesting that high schools start preparing for the HSEE before its actual introduction. We find no effects for achievement, possibly due to the lack of meaningful cross-state achievement data in the time period studied.
    Keywords: High school exit exams, graduation rates, achievement
    JEL: C33 I21
    Date: 2014–09
  8. By: Ana María Becerra (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico); Juan F. Castro (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico); Gustavo Yamada (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico)
    Abstract: A qualified and motivated pool of professors and researchers is a key input in any successful higher education endeavor (Salmi, 2009). Hiring professors with adequate qualifications is, of course, part of the answer to achieve this. However, improving the competitiveness of a university from within, and when the academic career has been historically based on age rather than on merit, is a much more difficult task. We believe a simple and transparent results-based incentive scheme can help reshape academic performance. Universidad del Pacífico, a medium size not for profit private institution specialized in economics and business fields, launched in 2007, an incentive system with these characteristics (Universidad del Pacífico, 2008). Monetary bonuses and promotions are linked to a set of results indicators, each having a particular weight which reflects university’s priorities regarding teaching skills and research accomplishments and dissemination. We describe this incentive system, briefly discuss the internal “politics” of its approval and implementation, and assess its potential effects on academic performance after 5 years of continuous operation.
    Keywords: Results-based, Incentive, Scheme, Improve, Performance, Professor, Researcher, Higher, Education
    JEL: D23 D82 D86
    Date: 2014–06
  9. By: Graziella Bertocchi; Monica Bozzano
    Abstract: We investigate the historical determinants of the education gender gap in Italy in the late nineteenth century, immediately following the country’s Unification. We use a comprehensive newly-assembled database including 69 provinces over twenty-year sub-samples covering the 1861-1901 period. We find robust evidence that female primary school attainment, relative to that of males, is positively associated with the medieval pattern of commerce, along the routes that connected Italian cities among themselves and with the rest of the world. The effect of medieval commerce is particularly strong at the non-compulsory upperprimary level and persists even after controlling for alternative long-term determinants reflecting the geographic, economic, political, and cultural differentiation of medieval Italy. The long-term influence of medieval commerce quickly dissipates after national compulsory primary schooling is imposed at Unification, suggesting that the channel of transmission was the larger provision of education for girls in commercial centers.
    Keywords: Education gender gap, medieval commerce, Italian Unification, political institutions, family types.
    JEL: E02 H75 I25 J16 N33 O15
    Date: 2013–02
  10. By: Andrew Hunt; Ian Stone
  11. By: Manuel Alejandro HIDALGO PEREZ
  13. By: Jouko Kinnunen; Richard Palmer
  14. By: Wawan JUSWANTO
  15. By: Dumitru-Catalin BURSUC (National Defense University “Carol I”); Andreea NEAGU
    Abstract: As the field literature shows, the phenomenon of communication’s theoretical investigations lie between two trends: - merging all the different approaches of linguistic, psychological, psychosocial, philosophical, mathematical, pedagogical, technical etc. fields in an exhaustive analysis; - the effort to find common elements of all approaches to the same scientific rigor, in order to create a unique operational definition, with instrumental meanings. Focusing on the first trend induces a not permitted generality and the second situation restricts very much the reality zones in which the explanatory approach is achieved and doesn’t capture the specific areas listed above. The roles of actors participating in the act of communication adequately capture the different shades of the general approach of the phenomenon.The ways of defining the process of communication, according to the different knowledge domains capture the variety and stresses out the exchange, transfer, contact, influence, transport, energy, channel, information etc. In educational systems, communication represents a phenomenon described by general approaches mentioned above, but has also some personal characteristics that will be captured in this analysis.
    Keywords: Communication, theoretical models, communication in training and education systems, communication roles
    Date: 2013–11
  16. By: D. Chenhall; K.W. Clements
  17. By: António Morgado (ISCAL - IPL. Polithecnic Institute of Lisbon); Tiago Neves Sequeira (Departamento de Gestão e Economia and CEFAGE-UBI); Marcelo Santos (Departamento de Gestão e Economia and CEFAGE-UBI); Alexandra Ferreira Lopes (Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, ISCTE-IUL, ISCTE); Ana Balcão Reis (Nova School of Business and Economics)
    Abstract: We calculate aggregate measures of mismatch in the labour market for 30 European countries. These indicators measure vertical mismatch (related to the level of education, e.g. overeducation, and undereducation) and horizontal mismatch (related to the eld of education) and are comparable across countries and through time. We obtain that in European countries between 15% to nearly 35% of workers have a job for which they have more (or less) qualications than the usual level. Approximately 20% to nearly 50% work in a job for which they do not have the usual eld qualication. There is a great variability on mismatch incidence across European labour markets. Undereducation affects more workers than overeducation in most European countries. Low correlations between mismatch and unemployment indicate that mismatch should be regarded as an additional informative variable, useful to characterize labour markets. We also study the in uence of the different measures of mismatch on the evolution of per capita output in both the short and long-run. We nd evidence of strong short-run effects of mismatch.
    Keywords: Education; Human Capital; Mismatch; Labour Market.
    JEL: J24 O50
    Date: 2014
  18. By: Nabil ANNABI; Simon HARVEY; Yu LAN

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