nep-edu New Economics Papers
on Education
Issue of 2012‒02‒08
seven papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
University of Beira Interior and Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Student Perceptions of Simulation Games and Training Software on Improving Course Learning Objectives and Career Preparedness By Parrott, Scott; Mehlhorn, Joey; Davidson, Kelly
  2. Farm to School: A Market Analysis By Watson, Marissa; Cesar, Escalante; Ames, Glenn; Wolfe, Kent; Kane, Sharon
  3. Rendimento Acadêmico, o que prediz (e o que não prediz): o caso dos alunos de Ciências Econômicas da UnB By LIMA, Luis C. F.
  5. Revisiting the Complementarity between Education and Training: The Role of Personality, Working Tasks and Firm Effects By Görlitz, Katja; Tamm, Marcus
  6. Determinants of E-commerce adoption by franchisors: Insights from the U.S. market By Rozenn Perrigot, Graduate School of Management (IGR-IAE), University of Rennes 1 & ESC Rennes School of Business - CREM-CNRS, France; Thierry Pénard, University of Rennes 1 - CREM-CNRS, France
  7. Group Decision Making with Uncertain Outcomes: Unpacking Child-Parent Choices of High School Tracks By Pamela Giustinelli

  1. By: Parrott, Scott; Mehlhorn, Joey; Davidson, Kelly
    Abstract: Online simulation and training games were used in two undergraduate courses in agribusiness to help improve student understanding and course objectives. Students responded positively to the teaching activities. The activities also extended the out of class learning environment.
    Keywords: student outcomes, technology in the classroom, simulation and teaching, Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession, A20, A22,
    Date: 2012
  2. By: Watson, Marissa; Cesar, Escalante; Ames, Glenn; Wolfe, Kent; Kane, Sharon
    Abstract: This paper explores the potential for the National Farm to School Program to effectively engage with Georgiaâs public schools in order to reduce local food insecurity and improve the quality of nutrition provided to students. A survey was conducted with the specific goals of assessing: first, the current and future impact Farm to School has and will potentially have on the Georgia economy through schools purchase of local foods; second, the potential market for farmers; third, school administrators willingness to buy local food by Georgia; forth, the level of infrastructure available within schools to prepare fresh, whole foods; and fifth, the perceived opportunities and challenges to buying and preparing local food. University of Georgia collaborated with the Georgia Department of Education and Georgia Organics to develop a survey that met the objectives as defined above. There were twenty-five questions total and most answers were formatted in a multiple-choice selection with an option to write any additional comments. The survey was distributed by the Department of Education to 158 public schools in Georgia, and collected, a total of 93 responses. From the data, it was concluded that the willingness to participate exists, as well as the tools necessary for participation. What appears to be missing is the infrastructure that would allow schools to purchase food easily and frequently. Most schools noted that they would be willing to interact with an online platform that would put them in contact with local growers and sellers.
    Keywords: Farm to School, Georgia, Local foods, public schools, survey data for local buying, food security, Agricultural and Food Policy, Community/Rural/Urban Development, Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety, Food Security and Poverty,
    Date: 2012
  3. By: LIMA, Luis C. F.
    Abstract: The analysis was based in 240 questionnaires answered by students of economics at University of Brasília. Using them, it was tried to make a whole description of the characteristics of these alumni and, in a second moment, to estimate econometric models to identify the causes of academic outcome, measured by the Grade Point Average (GPA) of UnB. The models showed that the amount of study and the frequency in classes are fundamental. Although, it did not find relationship between the participation in the campus social life and GPA. As in previous surveys, women presented better grades than men. Quota students, however, had lower GPAs than others. Finally, when a logistic regression was estimated to determine the probability of a fail, the time spent studying had little significance, as long as, the number of absences and subjects were the most important variables.
    Keywords: Academic Outcome; Higher Education; Econometrics; OLS; MLE
    JEL: I21 I23 C21 C25
    Date: 2011–12
  4. By: Espey, Molly; Boys, Kathryn A.
    Keywords: Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession,
    Date: 2012–02
  5. By: Görlitz, Katja (RWI); Tamm, Marcus (RWI)
    Abstract: This paper addresses the question to which extent the complementarity between education and training can be attributed to differences in observable characteristics, i.e. to individual, job and firm specific characteristics. The novelty of this paper is to analyze previously unconsidered characteristics, in particular, personality traits and tasks performed at work which are taken into account in addition to the standard individual specific determinants. Results show that tasks performed at work are strong predictors of training participation while personality traits are not. Once working tasks and other job related characteristics are controlled for, the skill gap in training participation drops considerably for off-the-job training and vanishes for on-the-job training.
    Keywords: training, personality traits, working tasks, Oaxaca decomposition
    JEL: I21 J24
    Date: 2012–01
  6. By: Rozenn Perrigot, Graduate School of Management (IGR-IAE), University of Rennes 1 & ESC Rennes School of Business - CREM-CNRS, France; Thierry Pénard, University of Rennes 1 - CREM-CNRS, France
    Abstract: E-commerce has grown tremendously over the past decade. This paper focuses on E-commerce adoption within the franchising sector. We formulate various hypotheses on the factors that influence the adoption of an E-commerce strategy by franchisors, namely the percentage of company-owned stores in the network, network size and age, franchisor resources (franchising fees and franchising royalties), and the allocation of exclusive territories to franchisees. The empirical study relies on a sample of 486 franchise networks in the U.S. market. Our findings suggest that the percentage of company-owned stores and the brand image, as represented by network size, both exert a significant and positive impact on the adoption of an E-commerce strategy, whereas network age and franchising royalties exert a significant and negative impact on the adoption of such a strategy. These findings are discussed with respect to previous research results.
    Keywords: E-commerce, franchising, determinants, plural form, brand image, franchisors' resources
    Date: 2012–01
  7. By: Pamela Giustinelli (University of Michigan)
    Abstract: Predicting group decisions with uncertain outcomes involves the empirically difficult task of disentangling individual decision makers' beliefs and preferences over outcomes' states from the group's decision rule. This paper addresses the problem within the context of a consequential family decision concerning the high school track of adolescent children in presence of curricular strati cation. The paper combines novel data on children's and parents' probabilistic beliefs, their stated choice preferences, and families' decision rules with standard data on actual choices to estimate a simple model of curriculum choice featuring both uncertainty and heterogeneous cooperative-type decisions. The model's estimates are used to quantify the impact on curriculum enrollment of policies affecting family members' expectations via awareness campaigns, publication of education statistics, and changes in curricular specialization and standards. The latter exercise reveals that identity of policy recipients--whether children, parents, or both--matters for enrollment response, and underlines the importance of incorporating information on decision makers' beliefs and decision rules when evaluating policies.
    Keywords: Choice under Uncertainty, Multilateral Choice, Heterogeneous Decision Rules, Curricular Tracking, Curriculum Choice, Child-Parent Decision Making, Subjective Probabilities, Stated and Revealed Preferences, Choice-Based Sampling
    JEL: C25 C35 C50 C71 C81 C83 D19 D81 D84 I29 J24
    Date: 2011–07

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