nep-edu New Economics Papers
on Education
Issue of 2012‒02‒01
eight papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
University of Beira Interior and Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Native Students and the Gains from Exporting Higher Education: Evidence from Australia By Zhou, Li
  2. Does bullying reduce educational achievement? An evaluation using matching estimators By Ponzo, Michela
  3. Sustainability in Higher Education: Experiences using the Auditing Instrument for Sustainability in Higher Education (AISHE) By Lambrechts, Wim; Ceulemans, Kim
  4. How immigrant children affect the academic achievement of native Dutch children By Asako Ohinata; Jan C van Ours
  5. Employability of graduates and development of competencies: mind the gap and mind the step! Empirical evidence for Italy By Riccardo Leoni
  6. Automatic Grade Promotion and Student Performance: Evidence from Brazil By Martin Foureaux Koppensteiner
  7. Fasting During Pregnancy and Children's Academic Performance By Douglas Almond; Bhashkar Mazumder; Reyn van Ewijk
  8. Lack of pupils in German riding schools? A causal-analytical consideration of customer satisfaction in children and adolescents By Kayser, Maike; Gille, Claudia; Suttorp, Katrin; Spiller, Achim

  1. By: Zhou, Li (University of Alberta, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper proposes a general equilibrium model with non-pro fit publicly subsidized universities to show that native applicants do not have to lose from exporting higher education, as suggested by standard trade models. The gains from exporting higher education that initially accrue to universities will be redistributed to natives through increased investment in research and teaching. With Australian university-level data from 2001 to 2007, the empirical investigation identifi es the impact of exporting higher education on native enrollment using the instrumental variable approach: the enrollment of one more foreign student leads to the enrollment of about 0.75 more Australian native students.
    Keywords: higher education; gains from trade; native students
    JEL: F14 H52 I23
    Date: 2012–01–01
  2. By: Ponzo, Michela
    Abstract: Using data from the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (2006-PIRLS) and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (2007-TIMSS), we investigate the impact of being a victim of school bullying on educational achievement for Italian students enrolled at the fourth and eighth grade levels. Firstly, we apply an OLS estimator controlling for a number of individual characteristics and school fixed effects. Secondly, in order to attenuate the impact of confounding factors, we use propensity score matching techniques. Our empirical findings based on average treatment effects suggest that being a victim of school bullying has a considerable negative effect on student performance at both the fourth and the eighth grade level. Importantly, the adverse effect of bullying on educational achievement is larger at age 13 than at age 9. Hence, school violence seems to constitute a relevant factor in explaining student performance.
    Keywords: Bullying; Educational Achievement; School; TIMSS; PIRLS
    JEL: J13 I21 I28
    Date: 2012–01–02
  3. By: Lambrechts, Wim (Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUB), Belgium); Ceulemans, Kim (Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUB), Belgium)
    Date: 2011–08
  4. By: Asako Ohinata (Tilburg University); Jan C van Ours (Tilburg University)
    Abstract: In this paper, we analyze how the share of immigrant children in the classroom affects the educational attainment of native Dutch children. Our analysis uses data from various sources, which allow us to characterize educational attainment in terms of reading literacy, mathematical skills and science skills. We do not find strong evidence of negative spill-over effects from immigrant children to native Dutch children. Immigrant children themselves experience negative language spill-over effects from a high share of immigrant children in the classroom but no spill-over effects on maths and science skills.
    Keywords: educational attainment, immigrant children, peer effects.
    JEL: I21 J15
    Date: 2012–01
  5. By: Riccardo Leoni
    Keywords: education; competencies; employability
    JEL: I21 I24 J24
    Date: 2011
  6. By: Martin Foureaux Koppensteiner
    Abstract: This paper examines the effect of the introduction of automatic grade promotion on student performance in 1,993 public primary schools in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. A difference-in-difference approach that exploits variation over time in the adoption of the policy allows the identification of the treatment effect of automatic promotion. I find a negative and significant effect of about 6% of a standard deviation. Under plausible identifying assumptions the estimates can be interpreted as the disincentive effect on student effort associated with the introduction of automatic promotion.
    Keywords: Grade retention; automatic promotion; incentives for effort.
    JEL: I28 I21 O15 H52
    Date: 2011–11
  7. By: Douglas Almond; Bhashkar Mazumder; Reyn van Ewijk
    Abstract: We consider the effects of daytime fasting by pregnant women during the lunar month of Ramadan on their children's test scores at age seven. Using English register data, we find that scores are .05 to .08 standard deviations lower for Pakistani and Bangladeshi students exposed to Ramadan in early pregnancy. These estimates are downward biased to the extent that Ramadan is not universally observed. We conclude that the effects of prenatal investments on test scores are comparable to many conventional educational interventions but are likely to be more cost effective and less subject to "fade out".
    Keywords: educational outcomes, pregnancy, fasting
    Date: 2012–01
  8. By: Kayser, Maike; Gille, Claudia; Suttorp, Katrin; Spiller, Achim
    Abstract: Not only the horse as a living creature, but also equestrian sport, has a positive influence on the general upbringing and development of young people. Although equestrian sport still exerts a strong fascination, it is becoming more difficult to inspire young people to take part in this time-consuming and costly sport. It is not only the equestrian sport which is affected by this - the majority of sport clubs offering different types of sport have registered diminishing member numbers. Especially those riding schools which consider themselves as being service providers in equestrian sport are confronted with the challenge of binding children and adolescents to their school for a longer term, thereby enabling the schools to manage themselves sustainably. The present study has, therefore, investigated the various factors which influence customer satisfaction in riding schools and their significance by using a structural equation model. A survey of 203 children and adolescents was undertaken in five different German riding schools. Customer satisfaction was particularly influenced by the design of the riding lessons and the school horses. The influence of the riding instructor however, was more indirect (acting over the direct impact on the design of the lessons and the school'horses) than direct. One most noticeable aspect of the results is the strong influence of customer satisfaction on recommendation behaviour. --
    Keywords: customer satisfaction,customer loyalty,riding schools,Partial Least Squares (PLS)
    Date: 2012

This nep-edu issue is ©2012 by Joao Carlos Correia Leitao. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.