nep-edu New Economics Papers
on Education
Issue of 2010‒05‒29
eight papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
University of Beira Interior and Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Manitoba’s Demographic Challenge: Why Improving Aboriginal Education Outcomes Is Vital for Economic Prosperity By Colin Busby
  2. Length of compulsory education and voter turnout: evidence from a staged reform. By Pelkonen, P.
  3. Universities’ Entrepreneurship Education and Regional Development: a Stakeholders’ Approach By Aminda do Paço; João Ferreira, Mário Raposo, Ricardo G. Rodrigues e Anabela Dinis
  4. What did abolishing university fees in Ireland do? By Kevin Denny
  5. The Measurement of Perceived Value in Higher Education: a Unidimensional Approach By Helena Alves;
  6. What Explains Schooling Differences Across Countries? By Marla Ripoll; Juan Carlos Cordoba
  7. Labour market status, transitions and gender: a European perspective By Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière; Christine Erhel
  8. The gender reservation wage gap: evidence from British panel data By Sarah Brown; Jennifer Roberts; Karl Taylor

  1. By: Colin Busby (C.D. Howe Institute)
    Abstract: As a wave of babyboomers retire, the upcoming decade will see only a modest expansion in Manitoba’s available workforce, and most of this net increase will depend on job-seeking young Aboriginals. Policy reforms should encourage more Aboriginal students to finish high school. Smart reforms to financial aid for postsecondary education would demonstrate aid availability to students early in their academic careers. This would bolster student educational aspirations during secondary studies for those on the margins of accessing postsecondary education. With large numbers of Aboriginal high-school dropouts, Manitoba cannot, and should not, rely solely on expanding international immigration to boost workforce growth.
    Keywords: Economic Growth and Innovation, Manitoba, Aboriginal youth, education
    JEL: J11 J15 J24
    Date: 2010–05
  2. By: Pelkonen, P.
    Abstract: In this study, a long-term impact of additional schooling at the lower end of the educational distribution is measured on voter turnout. Schooling is instrumented with a staged Norwegian school reform, which increased minimum attainment by two years – from seven to nine. The impact is measured at two levels: individual, and municipality level. Both levels of analysis suggest that the additional education has no effect on the turnout rates. At the individual level, the impact of education is also tested on various measures of civic outcomes. Of these, only the likelihood of signing a petition is positively affected by education.
    Date: 2009–09
  3. By: Aminda do Paço (Departamento de Gestão e Economia, Universidade da Beira Interior); João Ferreira, Mário Raposo, Ricardo G. Rodrigues e Anabela Dinis (Departamento de Gestão e Economia, Universidade da Beira Interior)
    Abstract: It is assumed that entrepreneurship education encourage the growth of new businesses, exploiting the entrepreneurial spirit within higher education sector. Additionally, entrepreneurship higher education is supposed to play a relevant role in the development of enterprising citizens and in the development regions through an ongoing process of knowledge creation and delivery. In this research we will explore what roles are attributed to entrepreneurship education in the literature with regard to regional development as well as the influence and relationship of the main intervening stakeholders. The aim is to present a conceptual model which integrate the contributions of both strands of literature and, at the same time, highlight the interplay between the several stakeholders involved in HEI’s entrepreneurship education and regional development.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship education, university, regional development, stakeholders
    Date: 2010
  4. By: Kevin Denny (School of Economics and Geary Institute, University College Dublin)
    Abstract: University tuition fees for undergraduates were abolished in Ireland in 1996. This paper examines the effect of this reform on the socio-economic gradient (SES) to determine whether the reform was successful in achieving its objective of promoting educational equality. It finds that the reform clearly did not have that effect. It is also shown that the university/SES gradient can be explained by differential performance at second level which also explains the gap between the sexes. Students from white collar backgrounds do significantly better in their final second level exams than the children of blue-collar workers. The results are very similar to recent findings for the UK. I also find that certain demographic characteristics have large negative effects on school performance i.e. having a disabled or deceased parent. The results show that the effect of SES on school performance is generally stronger for those at the lower end of the conditional distribution of academic attainment.
    Keywords: tuition costs, university, fees, socio-economic background, educational attainment
    Date: 2010–05–20
  5. By: Helena Alves (Departamento de Gestão e Economia, Universidade da Beira Interior);
    Abstract: Higher education institutions increasingly need to establish long term relationships with their clients through the provision of high value services. Hence, understanding how the provision of education is viewed by recipients along with the means to reliably measure perceived value are both fundamental. This paper deals with perceived value as a higher order construct making recourse to a unidimensional approach. The results indicate that the perceived value construct can be measured with a high degree of robustness when incorporating the trade-off between price and quality and a comparison with other alternatives. The results also show that image is an important influence on perceived value and that satisfaction is the main consequence.
    Keywords: Perceived value, higher education, unidimensional approach
    Date: 2010
  6. By: Marla Ripoll; Juan Carlos Cordoba
    Abstract: . . .
    Date: 2010–05
  7. By: Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris, CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique); Christine Erhel (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: This article analyses the determinants of labour market statuses (choice between part time employment, full time employment, and non employment) and yearly transitions between non employment and employment in Europe, using cross sectional 2006 EU-SILC database. The results show a strong positive effect of initial education level on full time employment integration and on the probability to find a job when initially in non employment. Gender and family variables also exert a strong influence on labour market statuses and mobility: being a woman, and even more a mother of a young child, increases the probability to be in non employment, or in part time employment, and also to experience a bad transition. In terms of policies, the article shows that the use of childcare has a positive impact on parents'employment and transitions. Finally, the heterogeneity inside the EU appears high, with significant country effects on both statuses and flows.
    Keywords: labour market status; labour market flows; European comparison; childcare
    Date: 2010–05–10
  8. By: Sarah Brown (Department of Economics, The University of Sheffield Author-Person=pbr160); Jennifer Roberts (Department of Economics, The University of Sheffield Author-Person=pro228); Karl Taylor (Department of Economics, The University of Sheffield Author-Person=pta44)
    Abstract: Our findings suggest the existence of a gender reservation wage gap, with a differential of around 10%. The presence of children, particularly pre-school age children, plays an important role in explaining this differential. For individuals without children, the explained component of the differential is only 5%, which might indicate that perceived discrimination in the labour market influences the reservation wage setting of females.
    Keywords: Reservation Wages, Wage Decomposition
    JEL: J13 J24 J64
    Date: 2010–05

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