nep-ecm New Economics Papers
on Econometrics
Issue of 2006‒12‒04
seven papers chosen by
Sune Karlsson
Orebro University

  1. Bias Reduction and Likelihood Based Almost-Exactly Sized Hypothesis Testing in Predictive Regressions using the Restricted Likelihood By Chen, Willa; Deo, Rohit
  2. Factor Model Forecasts for New Zealand By Matheson, Troy D
  3. Temporal aggregation and bandwidth selection in estimating long memory By Souza, Leonardo
  4. Modelling and Forecasting Volatility of Returns on the Ghana Stock Exchange Using GARCH Models By Frimpong, Joseph Magnus; Oteng-Abayie, Eric Fosu
  5. Estimating risk aversion from ascending and sealed-bid auctions: the case of timber auction data By Lu, Jingfeng; Perrigne, Isabelle
  6. Comparing Models of Macroeconomic Fluctuations: How Big Are the Differences? By Ghent, Andra
  7. A Note on Numerical Estimation of Sato’s Two-Level CES Production Function By Mishra, SK

  1. By: Chen, Willa; Deo, Rohit
    Abstract: The restricted likelihood, which has small curvature, is derived for the bivariate predictive regression problem. The bias of the Restricted Maximum Likelihood (REML) estimates is shown to be approximately 50% less than that of the OLS estimates near the unit root, without loss of efficiency. The error in the chi-square approximation to the distribution of the REML based Likelihood Ratio Test (RLRT) for no predictability is shown to be (3/4-ρ²)(1/n)(G₃(.)-G₁(.))+O(1/n^2), where |ρ|<1 is the correlation of the innovation series and G_{s}(.) is the c.d.f. of a χ_{s}² random variable. This very small error, free of the AR parameter, implies that the RLRT for predictability has very good size properties even when the regressor is nearly integrated, a fact borne out by our simulation study. The Bartlett corrected RLRT achieves an O(1/n^2) error. The power of the RLRT under a sequence of local Pitman alternatives is obtained and shown to be always identical to that of the Wald test and higher than that of the Rao score test for empirically relevant regions. Some extensions to the case of vector AR(1) regressors and more general univariate regressors are provided. The RLRT is found to work very well in simulations and to be robust to non-normal errors.
    Keywords: Bartlett correction; likelihood ratio test; curvature
    JEL: C13 C12
    Date: 2006
  2. By: Matheson, Troy D
    Abstract: This paper focuses on forecasting four key New Zealand macroeconomic variables using a dynamic factor model and a large number of predictors. We compare the (simulated) real-time forecasting performance of the factor model with a variety of other time-series models (including the Reserve Bank of New Zealand’s published forecasts), and we gauge the sensitivity of our results to alternative variable-selection algorithms. We find that the factor model performs particularly well at longer horizons.
    JEL: G00 G0
    Date: 2006–04–13
  3. By: Souza, Leonardo
    Abstract: This paper aims at showing that a temporal aggregation and a specific bandwidth reduction lead to the same asymptotic properties in estimating long memory by Geweke and Porter-Hudak’s (1983) and Robinson’s (1995b) estimators (henceforth GPH and GSPR). In other words, irrespectively of the level of temporal aggregation, the asymptotic properties of the estimator are uniquely determined by the number of periodogram ordinates used in the estimation, provided some mild additional assumptions are imposed. Monte Carlo simulations show that this result is a good approximation in finite samples. A real example with the daily US Dollar/French Franc exchange rate series is also provided.
    Keywords: Temporal Aggregation; Long Memory; Bandwidth; Spectrum
    JEL: C10
    Date: 2006–09
  4. By: Frimpong, Joseph Magnus; Oteng-Abayie, Eric Fosu
    Abstract: This paper models and forecasts volatility (conditional variance) on the Ghana Stock Exchange using a random walk (RW), GARCH(1,1), EGARCH(1,1), and TGARCH(1,1) models. The unique ‘three days a week’ Databank Stock Index (DSI) is used to study the dynamics of the Ghana stock market volatility over a 10-year period. The competing volatility models were estimated and their specification and forecast performance compared with each other, using AIC and LL information criteria and BDS nonlinearity diagnostic checks. The DSI exhibits the stylized characteristics such as volatility clustering, leptokurtosis and asymmetry effects associated with stock market returns on more advanced stock markets. The random walk hypothesis is rejected for the DSI. Overall, the GARCH (1,1) model outperformed the other models under the assumption that the innovations follow a normal distribution.
    Keywords: Ghana Stock Exchange; developing financial markets; volatility; GARCH model
    JEL: C52 G15 G10 C22
    Date: 2006–10–07
  5. By: Lu, Jingfeng; Perrigne, Isabelle
    Abstract: Estimating bidders’ risk aversion in auctions is a challeging problem because of identification issues. This paper takes advantage of bidding data from two auction designs to identify nonparametrically the bidders’ utility function within a private value framework. In particular, ascending auction data allow us to recover the latent distribution of private values, while first-price sealed-bid auction data allow us to recover the bidders’ utility function. This leads to a nonparametric estimator. An application to the US Forest Service timber auctions is proposed. Estimated utility functions display concavity, which can be partly captured by constant relative risk aversion.
    Keywords: Risk Aversion; Nonparametric Identi.cation; Nonparametric and Semipara-metric Estimation; Timber Auctions.
    JEL: D44 C14
    Date: 2006–11
  6. By: Ghent, Andra
    Abstract: I generate priors for a VAR from four competing models of economic fluctuations: a standard RBC model, Fisher’s (2006) investment-specific technology shocks model, an RBC model with capital adjustment costs and habit formation, and a sticky price model with an unaccommodating monetary authority. I compare the accuracy of the forecasts made with each of the resulting VARs. The economic models generate similar forecast errors to one another. However, at horizons of one to two years and greater, the models generally yield superior forecasts to those made using both an unrestricted VAR and a VAR that uses shrinkage from a Minnesota prior.
    Keywords: Model Evaluation; Priors from DSGE models; Economic Fluctuations; Hours Debate; Business Cycles;
    JEL: C52 E37 E32 C53 E3 C11
    Date: 2006–08
  7. By: Mishra, SK
    Abstract: In this paper Sato’s two-level CES production function has been estimated by nonlinear regression carried out through five different methods of optimization, namely, the Hooke-Jeeves Pattern Moves (HJPM), the Hooke-Jeeves-Quasi-Newton (HJQN), the Rosenbrock-Quasi-Newton (RQN), the Differential Evolution (DE) and the Repulsive Particle Swarm methods (RPS). The last two methods are particularly suited to optimization of extremely nonlinear (often multimodal) objective functions. While data may be containing outliers, the method of least squares has a clear disadvantage as it may be pulled by extremely small or large errors. The absolute deviation estimation of parameters is more suitable in such cases. This paper has made an attempt to estimation of parameters of Sato’s two-level CES production function by minimizing the sum of absolute errors. The minimization has been done by the five methods noted above. While the HJPM and the HJQN perform poorly at minimizing the sum of absolute deviations, the RQN performs much better. The DE and the RPS perform very well in estimating the parameters.
    Keywords: Sato’s productions function; CES; constant elasticity of substitution; two-level; nonlinear regression; Hooke Jeeves; Pattern move; Quasi-Newton; Rosenbrock; Repulsive Particle swarm; Differential Evolution; Global Optimization; Econometrics; Estimation; Outliers; Least absolute deviation; error
    JEL: C20 D20 C61
    Date: 2006–11–26

This nep-ecm issue is ©2006 by Sune Karlsson. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.