nep-dev New Economics Papers
on Development
Issue of 2005‒12‒20
three papers chosen by
Jeong-Joon Lee
Towson University

  1. Learning by Exporting: Does It Matter Where One Learns? By Natalia Trofimenko
  2. Economic Development and the Impacts of Natural Disasters By Mark Skidmore; Hideki Toya
  3. A Reevaluation of the Effect of Human Capital Accumulation on Economic Growth: Using Natural Disasters as an Instrument By Raymond Robertson; Mark Skidmore; Hideki Toya

  1. By: Natalia Trofimenko
    Abstract: Learning-by-exporting proponents argue that exporting increases productivity by exposing producers to new technologies or through product quality upgrading. This study is based on the observation that the technological superiority and severity of product quality requirements are not the same in all export markets. If learning occurs through the acquisition of new knowledge, exporting to less developed markets should not generate as much productivity growth as exporting to advanced countries. Using plant-level data from Colombia, I demonstrate that exporting to advanced countries generates the highest productivity premium and that the ability to benefit from exporting in general and exporting to advanced markets in particular increases monotonically as one moves along the conditional productivity distribution.
    Keywords: learning by exporting, total factor productivity, export destination, quantile regression, instrumental variables
    JEL: F10 D24
    Date: 2005–12
  2. By: Mark Skidmore (Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin - Whitewater); Hideki Toya (Faculty of Economics, Nagoya City University)
    Abstract: We use disaster impact data over time to examine the degree to which the human and economic losses from natural disasters are reduced as economies develop. We find that countries with higher income, higher educational attainment, greater openness, more complete financial systems and smaller government experience fewer losses.
    Keywords: Economic Development, Natural Disasters
    JEL: O1 Q54
    Date: 2005–10
  3. By: Raymond Robertson (Department of Economics, Macalester College); Mark Skidmore (Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin - Whitewater); Hideki Toya (Faculty of Economics, Nagoya City University)
    Abstract: Theoretic growth models and microeconomic evidence suggest that human capital accumulation is an important determinant of per capita income growth. However, outliers, measurement errors, and incorrect specifications may have affected early macroeconomic studies that found a weak relationship between growth and human capital accumulation. While recent studies addressing these problems are beginning to show larger positive effects, the potential endogeneity of human capital accumulation has received relatively little attention. In this paper, we demonstrate that endogeneity is significant and find that natural disasters are a good instrument for changes in schooling. Our resulting instrumental variable estimates are larger than our OLS estimates and are generally larger than those in previous studies. Our analysis also provides some limited evidence of human capital externalities.
    Date: 2005–08

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