nep-dem New Economics Papers
on Demographic Economics
Issue of 2020‒11‒30
two papers chosen by
Héctor Pifarré i Arolas
Universitat Pompeu Fabra

  1. Age, Intentions and the Implicit Role of Out-Selection Factors of International Migration. By Michel Beine
  2. Suddenly a Stay-At-Home Dad? Short- and Long-term Consequences of Fathers’ Job Loss on Time Investment in the Household By Juliane Hennecke; Astrid Pape

  1. By: Michel Beine
    Abstract: In this paper, I propose to isolate the role of age as a self-selection factor of international migration. The role of age is estimated on intended emigration rather than on observed outcomes of migration, using individual measures of intended emigration drawn from a large-scale survey conducted by Gallup. I find evidence that age has a monotonic negative effect on desired emigration for the working-age population. The estimations point to a very robust effect, suggesting that an additional year of age decreases the probability of intended emigration by about 0.5%. This effect is steady over different periods of time and for most types of countries of origin. The results contrast with previous evidence obtained on observed outcomes of migration, suggesting that out-selection factors interact with age and shape the demographic profile of migrants.
    Keywords: age, international migration, intended emigration, logit, large-scale survey
    JEL: F22 C25 J61 O15
    Date: 2020
  2. By: Juliane Hennecke; Astrid Pape
    Abstract: Commonly described as the “gender care gap”, there is a persistent gender difference in the division of domestic responsibilities in most developed countries. We provide novel evidence on the short- and long-run effects of an exogenous shock on paternal availability, through a job loss, on the allocation of domestic work within couples. We find that paternal child care and housework significantly increase in the short run on weekdays, while we do not see any similar shifts on weekends. Effects are positive and persistent for fathers who remain unemployed or have a working partner, but reverse after re-employment. We also find significant changes for female partners as well as in the cumulative household time investments and the outsourcing of tasks, depending on the labor force statuses of both partners. We theoretically discuss time availability and financial constraints, relative bargaining powers, gender role attitudes, and emotional bonds as potential explanations for the effects.
    Keywords: Job loss, paternal child care, fatherhood, domestic labor, intra-household allocation
    JEL: J13 J22 J63
    Date: 2020

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