nep-dem New Economics Papers
on Demographic Economics
Issue of 2014‒10‒17
five papers chosen by
Michele Battisti
ifo Institut

  1. Bayesian analysis with Stata: Application to neonatal mortality in the UK By John R. Thompson
  2. Unhealthy Retirement? By Fabrizio Mazzonna; Franco Peracchi
  3. Exploiting externalities to estimate the long-term effects of early childhood deworming By Ozier, Owen
  4. Are spouses more satisfied than cohabitors? A survey over the last twenty years in Italy By Elena Pirani; Daniele Vignoli
  5. Gender Equality in the Labor Market in the Philippines By Asian Development Bank (ADB); ; ;

  1. By: John R. Thompson (Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester)
    Abstract: The Bayesian approach to statistical analysis has many theoretical advantages, but in the past, its use has been limited by a lack of suitable statistical software. In a book published this year by Stata Press called Bayesian Analysis with Stata, I have tried to show that Stata can be used for Bayesian as well as frequentist statistical analysis. In this talk, I will present a Bayesian analysis of neonatal mortality rates in England and Wales and show how it can be implemented in Stata or Mata or by calling WinBUGS from within Stata. Over the last few decades, neonatal mortality has been falling steadily throughout the world, but the UK lags some way behind many other developed countries. Each year, data on neonatal mortality categorized by birth weight and maternal age are published. We will use a Bayesian analysis of these data to see if the declining rate over time has been similar in all the categories.
    Date: 2014–09–28
  2. By: Fabrizio Mazzonna (University of Lugano and MEA); Franco Peracchi (University of Rome "Tor Vergata" and EIEF)
    Abstract: We investigate the causal effect of retirement on health and cognitive abilities by exploiting the panel dimension of the first two waves of the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and the variation between and within European countries in old age retirement rules. We show evidence of substantial heterogeneity in the effect of retirement across occupational groups. In particular, we find that retirement increases the age-related decline of health and cognitive abilities for most workers. On the other hand, we find evidence of a positive immediate effect of retirement for those employed in highly physically demanding jobs.
    Date: 2014
  3. By: Ozier, Owen
    Abstract: This paper investigates whether a large-scale deworming intervention aimed at primary school pupils in western Kenya had long-term effects on young children in the region. The paper exploits positive externalities from the program to estimate the impact on younger children who did not receive treatment directly. Ten years after the intervention, large cognitive effects are found -- comparable to between 0.5 and 0.8 years of schooling -- for children who were less than one year old when their communities received mass deworming treatment. Because mass deworming was administered through schools, effects are estimated among children who were likely to have older siblings in schools receiving the treatment directly; in this subpopulation, effects are nearly twice as large.
    Keywords: Disease Control&Prevention,Health Monitoring&Evaluation,Educational Sciences,Youth and Governance,School Health
    Date: 2014–10–01
  4. By: Elena Pirani (Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni "G. Parenti", Università di Firenze); Daniele Vignoli (Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni "G. Parenti", Università di Firenze)
    Abstract: On the social landscape of the high-middle-income countries, unmarried cohabitation has become an increasingly popular living arrangement over the last decades. Several observers have noted a “cohabitation gap” in the satisfaction assessment of partners, with cohabitors being less satisfied than marrieds, and they advanced the hypothesis that this difference depends on how far cohabitation has diffused within a society. For the first time we test this hypothesis across time within one country – Italy – analyzing 18 progressive harmonized large-scale datasets collected continuatively since 1994 by the Italian Institute of Statistics. We employ a multilevel model to study 252,732 partnered young adults, nested in 19 regions and 18 years. Our findings support the hypothesis that as time passes and cohabitation becomes a more popular phenomenon, the difference in family satisfaction assessment between Italian cohabitors and spouses progressively weakens and, as observed in recent years, finally vanishes.
    Keywords: Cohabitation, Marriage, Family satisfaction, Diffusion process.
    JEL: J12 D10
    Date: 2014–09
  5. By: Asian Development Bank (ADB); (Regional and Sustainable Development Department, ADB); ;
    Abstract: Based on an analysis of gender inequalities, strategies and promising initiatives to counter gender discrimination and promote equality between men and women in Cambodia, Kazakhstan, and the Philippines, as well as an inventory of global good legal, economic, and social practices, this report summarizes the findings and recommendations for Cambodia. It shows how to improve equitable employment opportunities, remuneration and treatment for women and men at work to support the development of decent work and gender equality good practices in the country. The report is part of a series consisting of: •Good Global Economic and Social Practices to Promote Gender Equality in the Labor Market •Good Global Legal Practices to Promote Gender Equality in the Labor Market •Gender Equality and the Labor Market: Cambodia, Kazakhstan, and the Philippines •Gender Equality in the Labor Market in Cambodia •Gender Equality in the Labor Market in the Philippines.
    Keywords: gender; women; labor market; global practices; legal; gender equality; ADB; ILO; GAD; gender and development; technical assistance; gender mainstreaming; discrimination; legislation; access to work; working women; recruitment; employment; international standards; minimum wage; equal remuneration; sexual harassment; labor clauses; public contracts; security; formal employment; informal employment; part-time work; short-term contracts; home workers; domestic workers; rural workers; entrepreneurs; cooperatives; social protection; maternity care; family leave; child care; association; collective bargaining; freedom of association; social dialogue
    Date: 2014–02

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