nep-dem New Economics Papers
on Demographic Economics
Issue of 2014‒09‒29
five papers chosen by
Michele Battisti
ifo Institut

  1. Granting Birthright Citizenship: A Door Opener to Immigrant Children’s Educational Participation and Success By Felfe, Christina; Saurer, Judith
  2. Age at Immigration and High School Dropouts By Sarit Cohen Goldner; Gil S. Epstein
  3. Labour market uncertainties for the young workforce in France and Germany: Implications for family formation and fertility By Marie-Thérèse Letablier; Anne Salles
  4. Does Timing of Health and Family Planning Services Matter? Age at First Birth and Educational Attainment in Indonesia By Christoph Strupat
  5. Public goods and ethnic diversity: evidence from deforestation in Indonesia By Alberto Alesina; Caterina Gennaioli; Stefania Lovo

  1. By: Felfe, Christina; Saurer, Judith
    Abstract: Does granting birthright citizenship help immigrant children integrating in the host country's educational system? We address this question using a reform of the German naturalization law in 1999 that entitled children born after January 1, 2000 with birthright citizenship. We use a difference-in-difference design that compares children born shortly before and after the cut-off in years of policy change and years where no policy change took place. Our empirical analysis relies on administrative data from school entrance examinations and on the German Micro Census. We find positive effects on immigrant children's educational participation, both in non-mandatory preschool and upper secondary school. In addition, birthright citizenship enhances children's socio-behavioral development.
    Keywords: Education, Immigration Laws, Difference-in-Difference
    JEL: I21
    Date: 2014–09
  2. By: Sarit Cohen Goldner (Bar-Ilan University); Gil S. Epstein (Bar-Ilan University)
    Abstract: We focus on high school dropout rate among male and female immigrant children. We consider the relationship between the dropout rate and age of arrival of the immigrants. Using repeated cross sectional data from the Israeli Labor Force Surveys of 1996-2011 we show that the share of high school dropouts among immigrant children who arrived from the Former Soviet Union during 1989-1994 is at least as double than among natives in the same age group. Further, we show that among immigrant youth there is a monotonic negative relation between age at arrival and the share of high school dropouts. To understand our results we present a theoretical framework that links between age at arrival in the host country, language proficiency, quality of education and wages.
    Keywords: Immigrants,age at arrival, high-school dropouts.
    JEL: I21 J24 J61
    Date: 2014–07
  3. By: Marie-Thérèse Letablier (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne, INED - Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques); Anne Salles (INED - Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Université Paris-Sorbonne - UFR Langues Etrangères Appliquées - LEA)
    Abstract: This contribution to the Gusto research project for the European 7th framework programme (Work Package 3: individual pathways to Flexibility and Sustainability) examines how employment uncertainty during the transition into the labour force differently impacts family formation in Germany and France. Based on a qualitative survey with young men and women in age of being parents, the paper explores how the individuals manage with uncertainty and economic insecurity to finalize their reproduction projects. The paper therefore contributes to an understanding of the contrasted fertility patterns in the two countries. It highlights variations in the perception of insecurity related in particular to differences in gender conventions and their related incidence on family patterns in the two countries. The paper also highlights the contrasted impact of trust in family policies, especially in their ability to secure individuals transitions.
    Keywords: Family formation; fertility decisions; economic insecurity; labour market uncertainty; precariousness
    Date: 2013–01
  4. By: Christoph Strupat
    Abstract: This paper examines empirically whether midwifes, as an integral part of the health and family planning programs in Indonesia, are effective in advising young women to delay their first birth and also influence the decision on post-primary school attendance. Using the Indonesian Family Life Survey, I investigate the extent to which the exogenous expansion of a midwife program affects the age at first birth and the number of school years of women. My findings suggest that women who were exposed to a midwife when they have to decide on further school attendance (age 13-20) delay their first birth and also stay longer in post-primary school. According to the average returns of education in Indonesia, I conclude that family planning services provided by midwifes can generate large socioeconomic benefits by allowing young women to postpone their first birth.
    Keywords: Family planning; midwifes; fertility; education
    JEL: J13 I12 O12
    Date: 2014–08
  5. By: Alberto Alesina; Caterina Gennaioli; Stefania Lovo
    Abstract: We show that the level of deforestation in Indonesia is positively correlated with the degree of ethnic fractionalization of the communities. We explore several channels that may link the two variables. They include the negative effect of ethnic fractionalization on the ability to coordinate and organize resistance against logging companies and a higher level of corruption of politicians less controlled in more fragmented communities.
    Date: 2014–09

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