nep-dcm New Economics Papers
on Discrete Choice Models
Issue of 2014‒06‒02
nine papers chosen by
Edoardo Marcucci
Universita' di Roma Tre

  1. Payment Types and Participation in Payment for Ecosystem Services Programs: Stated Preferences of Landowners By Nordén, Anna
  2. Income taxation, labour supply and housework: a discrete choice model for French couples By Jan Kabatek; Arthur Van Soest; Elena Stancanelli
  3. Do Exurban Communities Want More Development? By Bauer, Dana; Liu, Pengfei; Swallow, Stephen K.; Johnston, Robert J.
  4. School choice, segregation, and forced school closure By Witte K. de; Ong C.
  5. The seeming unreliability of rank-ordered data as a consequence of model misspecification By Yan, Jin; Yoo, Hong Il
  6. Do Entrance Fees Crowd Out Donations for Public Goods? Evidence from a Protected Area in Costa Rica By Alpízar, Francisco; Martinsson, Peter; Nordén, Anna
  7. Frais d'inscription, ségrégation et inertie dans les parcours étudiants : le cas de l'Université Paris 9 Dauphine By Léonard Moulin; David Flacher; Hugo Harari-Kermadec
  8. Time preferences, study effort, and academic performance By Tempelaar D.T.; Non J.A.
  9. Discovering and explaining work-family strategies of parents in Luxembourg By Zhelyazkova N.

  1. By: Nordén, Anna
    Abstract: Because the effectiveness of payment for ecosystem services (PES) programs depends on landowners’ engagement, understanding the relationship between the type of payment and participation is a key issue. This paper reports on a choice experiment that quantifies landowners’ preferences for cash and educational in-kind payment. The main results indicate a positive correlation between participation in a PES contract and the magnitude of the cash payment, while participation seems uncorrelated with the magnitude of the educational in-kind payment. In addition, we investigate the mix of payment types and heterogeneity in preferences, which can help policymakers design strategies to increase participation.
    Keywords: payment for ecosystem services, cash payments, in-kind payments, stated preferences, land owners
    JEL: Q28 Q57
    Date: 2014–05–16
  2. By: Jan Kabatek (Tilburg University [Tilburg] - Netspar); Arthur Van Soest (Tilburg University [Tilburg] - Netspar); Elena Stancanelli (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne, EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris)
    Abstract: Earlier studies suggest that income taxation may affect not only labour supply but also domestic work. Here we investigate the impact of income taxation on partners' labour supply and housework, using data for France that taxes incomes of married couples jointly. We estimate a household utility model in which the marginal utilities of leisure and housework of both partners are modelled as random coefficients, depending on observed and unobserved characteristics. We conclude that both partners' market and housework hours are responsive to changes in the tax system. A policy simulation suggests that replacing joint taxation of married spouses' incomes with separate taxation would increase the husband's housework hours by 1.3% and reduce his labour supply by 0.8%. The wife's market hours would increase by 3.7%, and her housework hours would fall by 2.0%.
    Keywords: Time use; Taxation; Discrete choice models
    Date: 2014–04
  3. By: Bauer, Dana (Boston University); Liu, Pengfei (University of Connecticut); Swallow, Stephen K. (University of Connecticut); Johnston, Robert J. (Clark University)
    Abstract: This paper reports on a stated preference study of exurban Rhode Island residents that assessed the relative attractiveness of a variety of commercial and recreational land uses. Focus group participants and town planners proclaimed a demand for certain commercial developments such as grocery stores and fine-dining restaurants, but survey respondents generally exhibit a strong preference for no additional development beyond the status quo current rate of development. If additional development is to occur, then recreational type development is generally preferred over commercial development. Results identify distinct groups of residents with heterogeneous preferences for different types of development.
    Keywords: Rural development, commercial development, recreation, preservation, public preferences, stated preferences, land use planning, choice experiment, ranking
    Date: 2013–12
  4. By: Witte K. de; Ong C. (UNU-MERIT)
    Abstract: We exploit the forced closure of three segregated primary schools in Amsterdam to establish the determinants of school choice of ethnic minority pupils. The schools were closed due to mismanagement and poor assessment from the Education Inspectorate. Most of the affected students were of socially disadvantaged and non-western migrant background. Our analysis contrasts the respective school choice decisions of the early movers who had voluntarily changed schools within two years before the forced closure and the forced movers who had to move to other schools after the closure. Using a conditional logit model and a nested logit framework, we find that i students of segregated schools tend to re-concentrate into the same schools rather than disperse into different schools; ii primary school choice is nested upon school type; and iii the forced movers prefer schools with more peers of own non-western and low socioeconomic background, less peer truancy, and shorter residence-to-school distance. Keywords School choice; Ethnic segregation; School closure; School mobility, Nested logi
    Keywords: Education and Research Institutions: General; Education: Government Policy; Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: Government Policy;
    JEL: I20 I28 R28
    Date: 2014
  5. By: Yan, Jin; Yoo, Hong Il
    Abstract: The rank-ordered logit model's coefficients often vary significantly with the depth of rankings used in the estimation process. The common interpretation of the unstable coefficients across ranks is that survey respondents state their more and less preferred alternatives in an incoherent manner. We point out another source of the same empirical regularity: stochastic misspecification of the random utility function. An example is provided to show how the well-known symptoms of incoherent ranking behavior can result from stochastic misspecification, followed by Monte Carlo evidence. Our finding implies that the empirical regularity can be addressed by the development of robust estimation methods.
    Keywords: rank-ordered logit, exploded logit, ranking, qualitative response,stated preference
    JEL: C25 C52 C81
    Date: 2014–05
  6. By: Alpízar, Francisco; Martinsson, Peter; Nordén, Anna
    Abstract: In this paper, we investigate how different levels of entrance fees affect donations for a public good, a natural park. To explore this issue, we conducted a stated preference study focusing on visitors’ preferences for donating money to raise funds for a protected area in Costa Rica given different entrance fee levels. The results reveal that there is incomplete crowding-out of donations when establishing an entrance fee.
    Keywords: crowding out, entrance fee, donation, voluntary contribution, stated preferences, protected areas, Costa Rica
    JEL: Q26 Q28
    Date: 2014–05–16
  7. By: Léonard Moulin (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - Université Paris XIII - Paris Nord - CNRS : UMR7234 - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (USPC)); David Flacher (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - Université Paris XIII - Paris Nord - CNRS : UMR7234 - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (USPC)); Hugo Harari-Kermadec (IDHE - Institutions et Dynamiques Historiques de l'Economie - CNRS : UMR8533 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne - Université Paris VIII - Vincennes Saint-Denis - Université Paris X - Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense - École normale supérieure (ENS) - Cachan)
    Abstract: Cet article analyse les impacts de l'introduction de frais d'inscription à l'Université Paris 9 Dauphine sur les parcours des étudiants recrutés par cette université. Les données que nous utilisons sont issues de la base de données SISE qui recense de manière exhaustive les inscriptions des étudiants dans les universités françaises. En utilisant une méthode d'appariement optimal, nous construisons une typologie des parcours de ces étudiants avant et après l'introduction des frais d'inscription puis évaluons l'impact celle-ci sur la nature des parcours à l'aide d'un modèle logit multinomial non ordonné. Nous montrons que l'introduction de frais d'inscription dans cette université modifie les parcours en accentuant le phénomène de ségrégation sociale.
    Keywords: frais d'inscription, parcours, ségrégation, analyse de séquences, appariement optimal, logit multinomial
    Date: 2013–10–07
  8. By: Tempelaar D.T.; Non J.A. (GSBE)
    Abstract: We analyze the relation between time preferences, study effort, and academic performance among first-year Business and Economics students. Time preferences are measured by stated preferences for an immediate payment over larger delayed payments. Data on study efforts are derived from an electronic learning environment, which records the amount of time students are logged in and the fraction of exercises completed. Our third measure of study effort is participation in an on-line summer course. We find that impatient students show weaker performance, but the consequences are relatively mild. Impatient students obtain lower grades and fail first sit exams more often, but they do not obtain significantly fewer study credits, nor are they more likely to drop out as a result of obtaining fewer study credits than required. We find a weak negative relationship between impatience and study effort. Differences in study effort therefore cannot explain impatient students lower academic performance.
    Keywords: Behavioral Economics: Underlying Principles; Intertemporal Choice and Growth: General; Analysis of Education;
    JEL: D03 D90 I21
    Date: 2014
  9. By: Zhelyazkova N. (UNU-MERIT)
    Abstract: The presented analysis discovers and explains typical patterns of work-family reconciliation for parents who had a child in the same period 2003 and in the same country Luxembourg, thus facing the same macroeconomic and institutional conditions. Work-family trajectories are reconstructed as sequences of states using administrative records, so that working hours and use of leave provisions or other social security benefits are taken into account. Next, a clustering algorithm is applied to identify typical patterns. The analysis reveals that when the birth of a child is positioned as a pivotal point in the work-family trajectory, it appears to be a transition point for about a third of the female trajectories. For these women the event marks the beginning of a long-term reduction of labour participation manifested either in reducing the number of hours of work or in leaving the labour force. On the contrary, the career trajectories of working fathers are stable across time and for the majority of fathers there are no marked differences in work-force participation before and after the birth of a child. In the final stage of analysis available explanatory variables are linked to derived types of career profiles via a multinomial logit model. Work and family-related variables are used to test the hypothesis that women make a decision on reducing their labour market participation based on comparing the values of their time at home and the opportunity cost of not working. The results are in line with this reasoning for explaining the pattern of leaving the labour force after birth of a child. However, economic reasoning does not seem to explain the pattern of reducing the number of hours per week after the birth of a child. Keywords work-family reconciliation; parental leave; labour supply of women
    Keywords: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth; Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination; Time Allocation and Labor Supply;
    JEL: J13 J16 J22
    Date: 2014

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