nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2023‒11‒13
five papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola, Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Cultural and creative quarters. Art and culture ambivalences in the post-industrial city By Basile Michel
  2. Marshallian and Jacobian Externalities in Creative Industries By Goya, Daniel
  3. Applying SOBANE Strategy for Risk Management in Museums By Pop, Izabela Luiza
  4. Immigration Restriction and The Transfer of Cultural Norms Over Time and Boundaries:The Case of Religiosity By Fausto Galli; Simone Manzavino; Giuseppe Russo
  5. OTT opportunities for public broadcasters: A review and cross-country analysis in European countries By Papathanasopoulos, Athanasios; Varoutas, Dimitris

  1. By: Basile Michel (PLACES - EA 4113 - PLACES - Laboratoire de géographie et d'aménagement - CY - CY Cergy Paris Université, ESO - Espaces et Sociétés - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UM - Le Mans Université - UA - Université d'Angers - UR2 - Université de Rennes 2 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Nantes Univ - IGARUN - Institut de Géographie et d'Aménagement Régional de l'Université de Nantes - Nantes Université - pôle Humanités - Nantes Univ - Nantes Université - Institut Agro Rennes Angers - Institut Agro - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement)
    Abstract: Cultural and creative quarters are a hub of artistic, cultural, and creative dynamics, networks, places, and activities in cities. Born spontaneously, these quarters are now used by public authorities as a tool for urban change and tourism promotion of urban spaces. There are many issues at stake: first, artistic creation, access to culture for all, and social cohesion; second, atmosphere, image, and attractiveness of cities; third, gentrification, inequalities, and social fragmentation. Through a resolutely synthetic and illustrated scientific analysis, the author sheds light on the realities, tensions, and ambivalences of these quarters thanks to an immersion in the cities of Paris, Nantes, Shanghai, Montreal, and many others around the world. This book is intended for researchers, teachers, students, cultural players, urban planners, public decision-makers and, more broadly, anyone interested in urban issues, the future of cities and the role of artistic and creative activities in the development of urban spaces.
    Abstract: Les quartiers culturels et créatifs sont un concentré de dynamiques, de réseaux, de lieux et d'activités artistiques, culturelles et créatives dans les villes. Nés de façon spontanée, ces quartiers sont aujourd'hui un outil de transformation urbaine et de développement touristique des territoires mobilisé par les pouvoirs publics. Les enjeux sont multiples : création artistique, accès à la culture pour tous et cohésion sociale d'abord, ambiances urbaines, rayonnement et attractivité territoriale ensuite, gentrification, inégalités et fragmentation sociale enfin. Au fil d'une analyse scientifique résolument synthétique et illustrée, l'auteur éclaire les réalités, les tensions et les ambivalences de ces quartiers grâce à une immersion dans les villes de Paris, Nantes, Shanghai, Montréal et bien d'autres à travers le monde. Ce livre s'adresse aux chercheurs, enseignants, étudiants, acteurs culturels, professionnels de l'aménagement, décideurs publics et plus largement à toutes les personnes intéressées par les questions urbaines, l'avenir des villes et le rôle des activités artistiques et créatives dans le développement des territoires urbains.
    Keywords: cultural and creative quarters, art, culture, creativity, city, quartiers culturels et créatifs, créativité, ville
    Date: 2022–09–12
  2. By: Goya, Daniel
    Abstract: Marshallian externalities are the benefits obtained by a sector due to geographical agglomeration, and Jacobian effects are spillovers related to the novel combinations that can occur in cities with diversified economic activities. This paper argues that most of the quantitative literature on creative industries is asking whether they are a source of Marshallian or Jacobian effects, inasmuch as a stronger creative sector is a direction of diversification that is likely to have positive spillovers to the rest of the economy. Exploring both questions under a common framework, the results are consistent with the existence of Marshallian but not of Jacobian effects, which calls to caution when making policy suggestions regarding the sector. The degree of specialization in creative sectors is associated with higher sales and a higher number of rms in those sectors, albeit at a decreasing rate. A similar relationship is found for specialization in creative occupations and the incomes of those workers. Though there is no evidence of spillovers from creative industries in general to the rest of the economy, analyses at a more disaggregated level could produce different results and useful insights for policy.
    Keywords: creative economy;Marshallian externalities;Jacobian externalities;agglomeration effects
    JEL: R12 Z19 R58
    Date: 2022–01
  3. By: Pop, Izabela Luiza
    Abstract: One of the main responsibilities of museums is to keep the cultural heritage safe, so as it can be transmitted to future generations in good conditions. For fulfilling this responsibility, museum specialists have to pay a great attention to identifying, monitoring and keeping under control all the risk factors that can produce damages to museum collections. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to present several tools and instruments that can be used by museums for managing risks. The case study conducted at a Romanian art museum revealed how data loggers, statistical analysis and diagnostic analysis helped the museum to improve its conservation activities. Since incorrect temperature and relative humidity were among the factors with the highest risk of generating damages, a special attention was paid to presenting the statistical analysis of microclimate fluctuations. This analysis played a key role in the process of identifying the causes of fluctuations and finding solutions for improvement. The results of the study develop the literature in the field of museum risk management and provide significant information for those museums interested in improving their conservation activities.
    Keywords: management, risks, conservation, museums
    JEL: H00 M19
    Date: 2022–05–31
  4. By: Fausto Galli (University of Salerno); Simone Manzavino (University of Salerno); Giuseppe Russo (University of Salerno, CSEF, and GLO)
    Abstract: We study the effect of an immigration ban on the self-selection of immigrants along cultural traits, and the transmission of these traits to the second generation. We show theoretically that restricting immigration incentivizes to settle abroad individuals with higher attachment to their origin culture, who, under free mobility, would rather choose circular migration. Once abroad, these individuals tend to convey their cultural traits to their children. As a consequence, restrictive immigration policies can foster the diffusion of cultural traits across boundaries and generations. We focus on religiosity, which is one of the most persistent and distinctive cultural traits, and exploit the 1973 immigration ban in West Germany (Anwerbestopp) as a natural experiment. Through a diff-in-diff analysis, we find that second generations born to parents treated by the Anwerbestopp show higher religiosity.
    Keywords: second-generation immigrants, religiosity, immigration policy, cultural transmission.
    JEL: D91 F22 J15 K37 Z13
    Date: 2023–09–29
  5. By: Papathanasopoulos, Athanasios; Varoutas, Dimitris
    Abstract: This analysis examines the opportunities and challenges presented by Over-The-Top (OTT) platforms for public service broadcasters in different European countries. Through a cross-country analysis of several EU countries, namely: France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Romania, and Sweden, this paper provides a comprehensive perspective on the topic. The analysis includes revenue trends, subscriber numbers, and other indicators to evaluate the performance of public broadcaster-owned OTT platforms. The findings suggest that while OTT platforms present challenges for public broadcasters, they also offer opportunities for these broadcasters to compete and attract viewers in a rapidly changing media landscape.
    Keywords: OTT platforms, Public Service Broadcasting, media competition
    Date: 2023

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