nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2023‒07‒24
nine papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Museo de Arte Moderno de Cartagena (MAMC), una colección con 63 años de historia By Jhorland Ayala-García; Jaime Bonet-Morón; María Beatriz García-Dereix
  2. What is in a label? Examining the influence of cultural and colonial heritage on preferences and willingness to pay for local and international rice labels in Senegal By Britwum, Kofi; Demont, Matty
  3. The Untold Potential of India’s Informal Music Industry By Mansi Kedia; Mayank Manish; Aarti Reddy; Saptorshi Gupta
  4. COVID-19 Impact on Artistic Income By Alexander Cuntz; Matthias Sahli
  5. The economics of influencers and social media stardom By Gänßle, Sophia; Budzinski, Oliver
  7. The political economy of lockdown: does free media matter? By Besley, Timothy; Dray, Sacha
  8. Domestic tourists’ experience in protected natural parks: A new trend in pandemic crisis? By Anne-Marie Lebrun; Che-Jen Su; Patrick Bouchet
  9. Performance Indicators in Emergency Operating Theaters: A State of the Art By Zied Jemai; Gustavo Santamaria-Acevedo; Oualid Jouini; Benjamin Legros

  1. By: Jhorland Ayala-García; Jaime Bonet-Morón; María Beatriz García-Dereix
    Abstract: Los museos son importantes generadores de cultura que contribuyen a la oferta turística local, lo cual puede tener implicaciones significativas en las economías locales. Estos espacios e instituciones tienen a sufrir problemas financieros en los países en desarrollo debido a la poca importancia que se les asigna desde los sectores público y privado. Se olvidan los beneficios que trae para la economía local y regional la inversión en museos, pues estos pueden atraer nuevas inversiones por parte de quienes buscan lugares con amenidades para sus ejecutivos en un mundo globalizado. También pueden contribuir a crear una oferta turística que atrae viajeros con mayor poder de compra, lo que facilita la preservación en las ciudades con patrimonio cultural. Cartagena no es ajena a esta tendencia de escases de apoyo institucional a los museos y no ha logrado consolidar una oferta cultural sólida, a pesar de contar con un patrimonio histórico y cultural importante. En la ciudad, uno de los museos con mayor tradición es el Museo de Arte Moderno de Cartagena (MAMC), que posee una valiosa colección de arte que podría contribuir a generar esa oferta turística cultural requerida. El presente documento describe la colección actual del MAMC para dar a conocer al público su evolución y la importancia de dichas obras desde un punto de vista cronológico. Se presentan los antecedentes y la evolución de la colección haciendo énfasis en los principales artistas cuyas obras se exhiben en el museo y el contexto cultural cartagenero en las décadas de 1970 y 1980, años en que se consolidó la mayor colección del MAMC. **** ABSTRACT: Museums are important generators of culture that contribute to the local tourism offer, which can have significant implications for local economies. These spaces and institutions tend to suffer financial problems in developing countries due to the little importance assigned to them by the public and private sectors. The benefits that investment in museums brings to the local and regional economy are forgotten, since they can attract new investments by those who seek places with amenities for their executives in a globalized world. They can also contribute to creating a tourist offer that attracts travelers with greater purchasing power, which facilitates preservation in cities with cultural heritage. Cartagena is no stranger to this trend of scarce institutional support for museums and has not managed to consolidate a solid cultural offer, despite having an important historical and cultural heritage. In the city, one of the museums with the longest tradition is the Museo de Arte Moderno de Cartagena (MAMC), which has a valuable art collection that could contribute to generating the required cultural tourism offer. This document describes the current collection of the MAMC to inform the public about its evolution and the importance of these works from a chronological point of view. The background and evolution of the collection are presented, emphasizing the main artists whose works are exhibited in the museum and the cultural context of Cartagena in the 1970s and 1980s, years in which the largest collection of the MAMC was consolidated.
    Keywords: Cartagena, museo de arte moderno, patrimonio cultural, museum of modern art, cultural heritage
    JEL: Z10 Z11 Z32
    Date: 2023–07
  2. By: Britwum, Kofi; Demont, Matty
    Keywords: Research Methods/Statistical Methods, Marketing, Institutional and Behavioral Economics
    Date: 2023
  3. By: Mansi Kedia (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)); Mayank Manish (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)); Aarti Reddy (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)); Saptorshi Gupta (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER))
    Abstract: The ICRIER report on the Untold Potential of India’s Informal Music Industry measures the size, economic impact and potential of India’s informal music industry. Mapping the various stakeholders of the industry, including brass bands, local DJs, independent performers, live bands, sound engineers, music teachers and instrument manufacturers, the report provides an estimate of the value addition to India’s GDP from this sector. The analysis is based on quantitative and qualitative data collected through surveys, stakeholder consultations, and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs). The report also examines the challenges faced by the sector including the impact of COVID-19 pandemic and provides policy recommendations to help unleash the potential of India’s informal music industry.
    Keywords: informal economy, employment, music, media, creative industry, icrier
    Date: 2022–08
  4. By: Alexander Cuntz; Matthias Sahli
    Abstract: This paper assesses the impact of the pandemic crisis on self-employed income among artists resident in Germany. Using unique data from the latest available public insurance records, we show that musicians and performing artists are among the most vulnerable groups, and that writers, on average, are relatively less impacted. Moreover, the paper looks at the impact of the 2020 crisis on income differences by gender, career stages and regions, and it investigates the effect of specific non-pharmaceutical, public intervention implemented in German states.
    Keywords: COVID-19, Creative Industries, Artists, Labor Market
    JEL: J00 J08 E24 Z11
    Date: 2021–09
  5. By: Gänßle, Sophia; Budzinski, Oliver
    Abstract: This chapter provides an overview of the economics of influencers and social media stardom. It provides the state-of-research regarding success factors, revenue and payment models, social media platforms and ecosystems, and welfare effects. It describes the role of social media content providers within the media industries and explores the differences and similarities of this new innovative element in media markets compared to its more traditional counterparts (traditional stars and traditional media industries).
    Keywords: social media, superstars, influencer, platforms, stardom, content producers, YouTube, Instagram, TikTok, gatekeepers
    JEL: L82 Z10 L13 L15 L86 D43 D83 F23 M21 D91 L26
    Date: 2023
  6. By: Sylvain Dejean (ULR - La Rochelle Université, NUDD - Usages du Numérique pour le Développement Durable - ULR - La Rochelle Université); Marianne Lumeau (UA - Université d'Angers, GRANEM - Groupe de Recherche Angevin en Economie et Management - UA - Université d'Angers - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - Institut National de l'Horticulture et du Paysage); Stéphanie Peltier (NUDD - Usages du Numérique pour le Développement Durable - ULR - La Rochelle Université, ULR - La Rochelle Université)
    Abstract: This article analyzes the share of attention that the French allocate to different media groups, based on Prat [2018]. Based on a survey of 6, 000 individuals, we show that the media market is concentrated. The top four groups concentrate 47% of French people's attention. The public group (Radio France and France Télévision) is by far the most concentrated (19.8%), except among the youngest, for whom Meta has the strongest media power. We also show that the planned merger between the TF1 and M6 groups would have increased the level of concentration on the market without calling into question the leading position of either the public group or Meta. This work highlights a new tool for measuring concentration in the media market.
    Abstract: Cet article analyse la part d'attention que les Français allouent aux différents groupes médiatiques en se basant sur Prat [2018]. A partir d'une enquête diffusée auprès de 6 000 individus, nous montrons que le marché des médias est concentré. Les quatre premiers groupes concentrent 47% de l'attention des Français. Le groupe public (Radio France et France Télévision) est de loin celui qui concentre le plus l'attention des consommateurs (19, 8%), sauf chez les plus jeunes pour qui Meta dispose du pouvoir médiatique le plus fort. Nous montrons également que la fusion projetée entre les groupes TF1 et M6 aurait accru le niveau de concentration sur le marché sans remettre en cause la position de leader du groupe public ou de Meta. Ce travail met en lumière un nouvel outil de mesure de la concentration sur le marché des médias.
    Keywords: media, information, concentration, part d'attention, capture médiatique, fusions media, news, attention share, media capture
    Date: 2023–06–10
  7. By: Besley, Timothy; Dray, Sacha
    Abstract: This paper studies the role of free media in how governments and the public responded to the COVID-19 pandemic. We first document the presence of policy and behavioral responsiveness during the early phase of the pandemic. Using a panel data of daily COVID-19 deaths, lockdown policies, and mobility changes in 155 countries, we find that governments were more likely to impose a lockdown, and citizens to reduce their mobility, as the initial number of deaths increased. To measure the role of media freedom on responsiveness given endogeneity in death reporting, we simulate deaths from a calibrated SEIR model as an instrument for reported deaths. Using this approach, we find evidence that the presence of free media mattered for the timing of early responses to COVID-19. Responsiveness to deaths was limited to citizens in free-media countries, and accounted for 40% of the difference in lockdown decision and mobility changes between free-media and censored-media countries. In support of the role of free media, we show that differences in responsiveness are not explained by a range of other country characteristics such as the level of income, education or democracy. We also find evidence that citizens with access to free media were better informed about the pandemic and had more responsive levels of online searches about COVID-19, supporting the view that free media served to inform the public on the risks of COVID-19.
    Keywords: COVID-19; lockdown; media freedom; responsiveness; Coronavirus; PERISCOPE project which has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under the Grant Agreement number 101016233; Elsevier deal
    JEL: D72 D78 L82
    Date: 2023–01–31
  8. By: Anne-Marie Lebrun (C3S - Laboratoire Culture, sport, santé, société - UFC (UR 4660) - UFC - Université de Franche-Comté - UBFC - Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté [COMUE], CREGO - Centre de Recherche en Gestion des Organisations - Université de Haute-Alsace (UHA) - Université de Haute-Alsace (UHA) Mulhouse - Colmar - UB - Université de Bourgogne - UBFC - Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté [COMUE] - UFC - Université de Franche-Comté - UBFC - Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté [COMUE]); Che-Jen Su (Fu Jen Catholic University); Patrick Bouchet (C3S - Laboratoire Culture, sport, santé, société - UFC (UR 4660) - UFC - Université de Franche-Comté - UBFC - Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté [COMUE], CREGO - Centre de Recherche en Gestion des Organisations - Université de Haute-Alsace (UHA) - Université de Haute-Alsace (UHA) Mulhouse - Colmar - UB - Université de Bourgogne - UBFC - Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté [COMUE] - UFC - Université de Franche-Comté - UBFC - Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté [COMUE])
    Abstract: Since December 2019, the Covid-19 pandemic crisis has led to profound changes around the world with a lot of interdictions or constraints to travel outside one's own country. One of the major consequences has been the development of proximity tourism in outdoor spaces less conducive to the spread of the virus. From a study preceding this pandemic, this article seeks to better understand the experiences lived by domestic tourists when they visited protected natural parks in their country. Beyond the health risks, it analyses the dimensions and the influences of experiences lived in these parks by French domestic tourists (n = 500) using Pine and Gilmore's 4Es model (1999). From a literature on the tourism experiences for domestic tourists adapted to natural parks and a critical review on the use and validation of Oh et al.'s scale (2007) in tourism, a structural equation model and a nested SEM show the positive relationship between three dimensions of the 4Es on the arousal and memory outcomes. Theoretically and methodologically speaking, this study extends the 4Es model in the direction of low arousal and mundane experiences for domestic tourists in protected natural parks, and questions Oh, Fiore, and Jeoung (2007) scale through the number of items, the use of EFA and the removal of the aesthetics dimension. This research can help managers of protected natural parks adapt their domestic tourists' experience offer during health crisis by implementing specific marketing strategies for low arousal and mundane experiences with more outdoor activities and digital services.
    Keywords: Domestic tourism, Experience, Protected natural park, Pandemic crisis
    Date: 2021–09
  9. By: Zied Jemai (LGI - Laboratoire Génie Industriel - EA 2606 - CentraleSupélec); Gustavo Santamaria-Acevedo (Université Paris-Saclay); Oualid Jouini (Université Paris-Saclay); Benjamin Legros (Métis Lab EM Normandie - EM Normandie - École de Management de Normandie)
    Abstract: This article aims to provide a review and classification of the current state of the art on the performance metrics used for the operations management in emergency operating theaters. We have classified the metrics into two categories. The first category consists of hospital-centered metrics. They are performance measures that are of interest to the hospital due to their possible impact on the institution's productivity or revenue. The second category consists of patient centered metrics. These metrics take explicitly into consideration the patients' experiences and which have a direct impact on the patients' safety and satisfaction. Having a comprehensive set of performance indicators used in Emergency Operating Theaters will allow surgery chiefs and hospital managers to implement missing indicators and to identify previously unknown quality issues, bottlenecks, and areas for improvement.
    Keywords: Non-elective surgeries, Operating rooms, Operations management, Key performance indicators
    Date: 2021–09–05

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