nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2023‒07‒10
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  2. Considerations of the Beautiful and the Sublime in Art By Simina Georgiana Chereches
  3. The Impact of the Prehistoric Out of Africa Migration on Cultural Diversity By Oded Galor; Marc Klemp; Daniel C. Wainstock

  1. By: Putra, Muhammad Daffa Soelistijono; RAHMADINI, NICKY FELICIA
    Abstract: America is known as a ‘melting pot’ country for its different culture that are mixed together. The multicultural can be a sign of cultural richness in that society, but it also could be considered as a root of discriminatory actions towards the minorities. A strong sense of ethnocentrism led to many racial crimes which were hard to control. Every year there are always cases of racism in the U.S. which give rise to various kinds of protests as a form of action against those oppression, one of which is to write lyrics that reflect their lived experiences and turn it into a song. There are many African American musicians who express their critics and arguments through songs. In fact, songs with depressing lyrics are not to influence us to do bad things, but instead make us realize that there is still a lot of life that is far from tolerance. These genres are a turning table for them to gain more attention and also as a practice to introduce their culture. It is interesting to know that violent lyrics on hip-hop and jazz music reflect the lived experiences of marginalized communities in America.
    Date: 2023–05–22
  2. By: Simina Georgiana Chereches (BabeÈ™-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania)
    Abstract: By deepening these two themes of the world that surrounds us we find an aesthetics of the environment, of the pleasant environment that we find in beautiful objects and human works created by man over the centuries. By beautiful, we find the idea of pleasantness, of things with an aspect out of relief, of human qualities that we cannot but expose and detail in the most meaningful way. Although the things around us have a certain aesthetic and give us a more pleasant mood, they are transient, like any creation that man has created over time, because they are designed, evolve, and must periodically reinvent themselves in order to preserve this form of beauty. But what truly remains a beautiful thing that always makes us feel good and has remained the same since life on earth began is what we call human qualities, kindness, honesty, love from where we least expect it, and the care we receive from our loved ones. Most famous thinkers expound human values as those that are driven by the idea of beauty. The sublime is what we might describe when we experience a state of awe, when we experience unique moments in our lives, when we glimpse a phenomenon in nature that touches our heartstrings, when we see a rainbow, when we take part in a solar eclipse or a volcano eruption, these things bring man to the point where his heartstrings are touched and he feels life on another level. Although man has succeeded in creating impressive things through painting and sculpture, thus creating a pleasant environment, he does not succeed in exposing artistic experiences as deeply as the natural environment does.
    Keywords: beauty, art, sublime, aesthetics, amazement, ecstasy, surprise, ambience, perfection
    Date: 2022–10
  3. By: Oded Galor; Marc Klemp; Daniel C. Wainstock
    Abstract: Evidence suggests that the prehistoric Out of Africa Migration has impacted the degree of intra-population genetic and phenotypic diversity across the globe. This paper provides the first evidence that this migration has shaped cultural diversity. Leveraging a folklore catalogue of 958 oral traditions across the world, we find that ethnic groups further away from East Africa along the migratory routes have lower folkloric diversity. This pattern is consistent with the compression of genetic, phenotypic, and phonemic traits along the Out of Africa migration routes, setting conditions for the emergence and proliferation of differential cultural diversity and economic development across the world.
    JEL: N0 O10 O40 Z10
    Date: 2023–05

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