nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2023‒05‒22
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Bargaining Theory and the Copyright Royalty Board’s Rate Setting Mandate for Interactive Streaming of Music By Elliott Hughes; Richard Watt
  2. The Effect of the Out of Africa Migration on Cultural Diversity By Wainstock, Daniel Crisóstomo; Galor, Oded; Klemp, Marc

  1. By: Elliott Hughes; Richard Watt (University of Canterbury)
    Abstract: In the USA, the remuneration for songwriters whose copyrighted material is broadcast using online interactive music services is subject to a compulsory license with a rate that is regulated by the Copyright Royalty Board (CRB). On the other hand, an essentially equally necessary input to the interactive music services, namely the sound recording copyright, is fully and freely negotiated between the parties. This situation sets up an interesting bargaining problem that should be of great interest to the CRB for their statutory mandate. The present paper sets out this problem formally, and resolves the equilibrium outcomes. The model is calibrated with the actual rates that have been set recently by the CRB.
    Keywords: Bargaining theory, regulation of copyright remuneration, Copyright Royalty Board USA
    JEL: D D04 D45
    Date: 2023–05–01
  2. By: Wainstock, Daniel Crisóstomo (Brown University); Galor, Oded (Brown University); Klemp, Marc (University of Copenhagen)
    Abstract: Evidence suggests that the Out of Africa Migration has impacted the degree of intra-population genetic and phenotypic diversity across the globe. This paper provides the first evidence that this migration has shaped cultural diversity. Leveraging a folklore catalogue of 958 oral traditions across the world, we show that ethnic groups further away from East Africa along the migratory routes have lower folkloric diversity. This pattern is consistent with the compression of genetic, phenotypic, and phonemic traits along the Out of Africa migration routes, setting conditions for the emergence and proliferation of differential cultural diversity and economic development across the world.
    Keywords: diversity, culture, Out of Africa migration, folklore
    JEL: O10 Z10
    Date: 2023–04

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