nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2023‒05‒08
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Festival Games: Inebriated and Sober Altruists By Giuseppe Attanasi; James C. Cox; Vjollca Sadiraj
  2. L'émergence des quartiers culturels et créatifs : l'approche évolutionniste By Damien D Nouvel
  3. A hindered creativity? Design technical supports from organological approach By Marion Cina; Claude Paraponaris
  4. The Revealed Demand for Hard vs. Soft News: Evidence from Italian TV Viewership By Marco Gambaro; Valentino Larcinese; Riccardo Puglisi; James M. Snyder

  1. By: Giuseppe Attanasi (Sapienza University of Rome, Italy; BETA, University of Strasbourg, France; Université Côte d'Azur, CNRS, GREDEG, France); James C. Cox (Georgia State University); Vjollca Sadiraj (Georgia State University)
    Abstract: We run a staged field experiment during three concerts in the South of Italy, characterized by the same traditional music and a comparable average level of alcohol consumption by attendees. Individual blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is measured through electronic breathalyzers. The experimental games proposed to concert attendees are contractions (mini-games) of the private-property and the common-property trust game in Cox et al. (2009). We elaborate predictions on behavior of participants with null vs. positive BAC based on the revealed altruism theory of Cox et al. (2008). We find that alcohol consumption leads to less pro-social behavior (measured as either trust or reciprocity) independently of the version (private-property or common-property) of the trust game. Furthermore, inebriated participants show strategic altruism in the role of first mover (trust), but not in the role of second mover (reciprocity) in the trust game.
    Keywords: Staged Field Experiment, Alcohol, Trust Game, Trust, Reciprocity, Private vs. Common Property, Tourists
    JEL: C72 C93 Z10 Z32
    Date: 2022–11
  2. By: Damien D Nouvel (ESPI2R - Laboratoire ESPI2R Research in Real Estate [Nantes] - ESPI - Ecole Supérieure des Professions Immobilières)
    Abstract: La présente synthèse est issue de l'article "Organic, Planned or Both: Alserkal Avenue, An Art District by Entrepreneurial Action in an Organic Evolutionary Context" publié par Damien D. Nouvel en 2020 dans la revue Built Environment.
    Keywords: quartiers culturels, quartiers créatifs, Émirats arabes unis, géographie économique évolutionniste, théorie des systèmes complexes adaptatifs, Dubaï
    Date: 2023–03–08
  3. By: Marion Cina (LEST - Laboratoire d'Economie et de Sociologie du Travail - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Claude Paraponaris (LEST - Laboratoire d'Economie et de Sociologie du Travail - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: The aim of this contribution is to offer a specific analysis of creativity focused on the role of workplaces and their technical equipment. We develop an organological analysis within five industrial firms. Organology is a joint analysis of technical, social, and individual dimensions to develop new objects. We question the resources for supporting creativity and their capacity of enlarging or weakening the creativity of designers. We show that creative capacities are now assisted by powerful digital instruments which raise the question of the dynamics of capacities for creation of professionals.
    Abstract: Este artículo propone un análisis específico de la creatividad que toma en cuenta la función de los ambientes de trabajo con su equipamiento técnico. Elaboramos un análisis organológico de inspiración fenomenológica y lo desarrollamos en el marco de cinco empresas industriales. La organología contempla el análisis conjunto de las dimensiones técnicas, sociales e individuales en la elaboración de nuevos objetos. Analizamos los medios invertidos para apoyar la creatividad en su capacidad de desarrollo o de debilitamiento de la creatividad de los diseñadores. Demostramos que las capacidades creativas están a partir de ahora respaldadas por poderosos instrumentos digitales que, de hecho, plantean la cuestión de la dinámica de las capacidades creativas de los profesionales.
    Abstract: Cet article propose une analyse spécifique de la créativité intégrant le rôle des milieux de travail avec leur équipement technique. Nous élaborons une analyse organologique d'inspiration phénoménologique et la développons au sein de cinq firmes industrielles. L'organologie envisage l'analyse conjointe des dimensions techniques, sociales et individuelles dans l'élaboration d'objets nouveaux. Nous interrogeons les moyens investis pour soutenir la créativité dans leur faculté de développement ou d'affaiblissement de la créativité des concepteurs. Nous montrons que les capacités créatives sont désormais assistées par de puissants instruments numériques qui de fait posent la question de la dynamique des capacités de création des professionnels.
    Keywords: Creativity Techniques, Design Exploration, Technics & automatisms, creatividad, técnica, organología, diseño, créativité, technique, organologie, conception, métier
    Date: 2023–04–06
  4. By: Marco Gambaro; Valentino Larcinese; Riccardo Puglisi; James M. Snyder
    Abstract: We analyze minute-by-minute, individual level data on viewership for Italian TV news broadcasts, matched with detailed data on content. We study viewer behavior, especially the decision of viewers to switch away from a news program as a function of the type of story being broadcast. Somewhat surprisingly, we find that viewers are systematically more likely to switch away from “soft” news compared to “hard” news. On the other hand, sensational stories about crime, accidents and disasters are associated with less switching. We also find significant differences in this switching behavior according to gender, age, and TV channel. For example, young people are relatively more likely to switch away from hard news than soft news, compared to older people. Finally, we find that viewers are relatively more likely to seek another news program if they are switching away from a soft news story. Overall, the results are inconsistent with a commonly held view that television viewers always prefer soft news to hard news.
    Keywords: television news, media content, infotainment, consumer
    JEL: L82
    Date: 2023

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