nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2023‒02‒27
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Practice, Entrepreneurship and Subjectivity in Artist Identification with Applications to the Covid-Era By Weber, Cameron; Zhen, Ying; Arias, JJ
  2. Cultural homophily and collaboration in superstar teams By Békés, Gábor; Ottaviano, Gianmarco I. P.
  3. The Impact of National Culture on Innovation A Comparative Analysis between Developed and Developing Nations during the Pre and Post Crisis Period 2007_2021 By Han-Sol Lee; Sergey U. Chernikov; Szabolcs Nagy; Ekaterina A. Degtereva
  4. Resensi Film The Social Network By Granada, Aulia

  1. By: Weber, Cameron; Zhen, Ying; Arias, JJ
    Abstract: How we define an artist and how we use census and survey data to study artist behaviour is a cornerstone of cultural economics. Frey and Pommerehne (1989) list eight criteria for identifying an artist, from time spent on and income derived from art-making, to reputation and recognition, organizational membership and professional qualifications. We take a radically subjective approach where we use only the last of their categories, artist self-identification, to attempt a theoretical advancement in art economics. Concurrent with the professionalization of economic science at the university and positivism in economic policy emerges a quantitative focus on production in labor markets (Tribe 2022). This seems a Procrustean bed for cultural economics in that artists tend to be self-directed, entrepreneurial and self-employed and when they do work for others, do so only as a second “job” in order to support creative practice (Throsby 1994). This is not a labor market model where income is maximized and redistribution is needed for fairness. There is an over-supply of art, subsidy may not be necessary as may create moral hazard (Benhamou 2003). We use Max Weber (1919)’s original notion of avocation (substantive value) versus vocation (instrumental value) and determine that it may be wrong to fit art-making into the categories of mainstream industrial and labor economics. For our book Artists and Markets in Music (Routledge 2023) we conduct a grassroots snowball sampling survey method where the criterion is self-identification as a musician. The survey might help us to test differing relevancies for the SAD production function in music as proposed by Samuel Cameron (2015, 2016) as well as further identifying market heterogeneity as discussed in Throsby (1994).
    Keywords: Arts Entrepreneurship, Musical Artist, Creativity, Covid-Era, Industrial Organization, Snowball Surveys
    JEL: B4 J82 O3 Z13
    Date: 2022–11
  2. By: Békés, Gábor; Ottaviano, Gianmarco I. P.
    Abstract: One may reasonably think that cultural preferences affect collaboration in multinational teams in general, but not in superstar teams of professionals at the top of their industry. We reject this hypothesis by creating and analyzing an exhaustive dataset recording all 10.7 million passes by 7 thousand professional European football players from 138 countries fielded by all 154 teams competing in the top 5 men leagues over 8 sporting seasons, together with full information on players' and teams' characteristics. We use a discrete choice model of players' passing behavior as a baseline to separately identify collaboration due to cultural preferences (`choice homophily') from collaboration due to opportunities (`induced homophily'). The outcome we focus on is the `pass rate', defined as the count of passes from a passer to a receiver relative to the passer's total passes when both players are fielded together in a half-season. We find strong evidence of choice homophily. Relative to the baseline, player pairs of same culture have a 2.42 percent higher pass rate due to choice, compared with a 6.16 percent higher pass rate due to both choice and opportunity. This shows that choice homophily based on culture is pervasive and persistent even in teams of very high skill individuals with clear common objectives and aligned incentives, who are involved in interactive tasks that are well defined, readily monitored and not particularly language intensive.
    Keywords: organizations; teams; culture; homophily; diversity; language; globalization; big data; panel data; sport
    JEL: J1
    Date: 2022–10–07
  3. By: Han-Sol Lee; Sergey U. Chernikov; Szabolcs Nagy; Ekaterina A. Degtereva
    Abstract: This empirical study investigates the impact of the Hofstede cultural dimensions (HCD) on the Global Innovation Index (GII) scores in four different years (2007, 2009, 2019 and 2021) to compare the impacts during the pre- and post-crisis (financial and COVID-19) period by employing ordinary least square (OLS) and robust least square (Robust) analyses. The purpose of this study is to identify the impact of cultural factors on the innovation development for different income groups during the pre- and post-crisis period. We found that, in general, the same cultural properties were required for countries to enhance innovation inputs and outputs regardless of pre- and post-crisis periods and time variances. The significant cultural factors (driving forces) of the innovation performance do not change over time. However, our empirical results revealed that not the crisis itself but the income group (either developed or developing) is the factor that influences the relationship between cultural properties and innovation. It is also worth noting that cultural properties have lost much of their impact on innovation, particularly in developing countries, during recent periods. It is highly likely that in terms of innovation, no cultural development or change can significantly impact the innovation output of developing countries without the construction of the appropriate systems.
    Date: 2022–12
  4. By: Granada, Aulia
    Abstract: Film bergenre biographical drama yang dibintang oleh beberapa actor ternama ini menceritakan tentang kisah hidup salah satu orang ternama yang berperan penting pada sosial media terbesar di dunia yaitu, Mark Zuckeberg.
    Date: 2023–01–15

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