nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2023‒02‒06
six papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Culture and the creative economy in Lithuania and municipalities of Klaipėda, Neringa and Palanga By OECD
  2. The Impact of Uncertainty on Fan Interest Surrounding Multiple Outcomes in Open European Football Leagues By Pedro Garcia-del-Barrio; J. James Reade
  3. Digital piracy is costly to creative economies across the world. Anti-piracy messages can cause people to pirate more rather than less, suggesting the presence of psychological reactance. Gender differences in message reactance and the moderating impact of attitudes have not been explored. In this paper, we examine whether messages based on real-world anti-piracy campaigns cause reactance and whether this effect is explained by gender and attitudes. An experiment compares two threatening and one prosocial message against a control group, with changes in piracy intention from past behaviour for digital TV/film analysed. The results suggest that the prosocial message is ineffective for both genders. However, the threatening messages have significantly opposing effects on men and women. One threatening message influences women to reduce their piracy intentions by over 50% and men to increase it by 18%. Gender effects are moderated by pre-existing attitudes, with men and women who report the most favourable attitudes towards piracy having the most polarised changes in piracy intentions. The results suggest that men and women process threatening messages differently and that the creative industries should take care when targeting their messages. By Kate Whitman; Zahra Murad; Joe Cox
  4. Cultural Additivity Theory By Vuong, Quan-Hoang; Nguyen, Minh-Hoang; Jin, Ruining; Le, Tam-Tri
  5. Il senso di fare banda. Le bande musicali all’interno della comunità trentina By Silvia Sacchetti; Mario Diani
  6. Religious Rituals: Evidence from Ramadan By Sultan Mehmood; Avner Seror; Daniel L. Chen

  1. By: OECD
    Abstract: Cultural and creative sectors are a significant driver of local development through job creation and income generation, spurring innovation across the economy and increasing the attractiveness of cities and regions as destinations to visit, work and live. This case study offers a review of cultural and creative sectors in Lithuania, highlighting issues and trends in employment and business development, financing and cultural participation. It brings a specific focus on three municipalities within the County of Klaipėda located on the Baltic coast – Klaipėda City, Neringa and Palanga – small cities specialised in port activities, logistics, traditional manufacturing and seaside resort tourism. It highlights how culture and creative sectors can be leveraged to foster local development, diversify the economy and strengthen territorial attractiveness. It provides recommendations and international examples on ways to support business development in creative sectors and to strengthen synergies between culture and tourism.
    Keywords: creative industries, cultural employment, culture and local development
    JEL: I31 Z1
    Date: 2023–01–25
  2. By: Pedro Garcia-del-Barrio (Department of Economics, Universidad de Navarra); J. James Reade
    Abstract: We introduce a new source of information to evaluate the importance of uncertainty in driving demand for particular types of entertainment events. We use web searches via Google, and consider various dimensions of uncertainty of outcome in sporting events. Most saliently, we consider whether the complete removal of uncertainty surrounding the winner of a competition, something that often happens before European soccer leagues have completed, reduces interest. We find that the decrease in interest is significant, but that it is mitigated by increased interest in secondary prizes in these league competitions: qualification for European competitions, and avoiding relegation. We conclude by affirming that such a diversified structure of competition, replete with an open structure of promotion and relegation, is desirable in the context of league competitions such as those in Europe that do not have a proment play-off system to conclude the season.
    Keywords: global sports, outcome certainty; Google trends; competitions’ multiple prizes; event analysis
    JEL: J24 J33 J71
    Date: 2023–01–11
  3. By: Kate Whitman (University of Portsmouth); Zahra Murad (University of Portsmouth); Joe Cox (University of Portsmouth)
    Keywords: Piracy; Reactance; Persuasive Messages; TV/Film; Gender
    Date: 2023–01–26
  4. By: Vuong, Quan-Hoang; Nguyen, Minh-Hoang; Jin, Ruining; Le, Tam-Tri
    Abstract: The current manuscript sets out the initiation of a book project about “Cultural Additivity Theory” by laying out the basic distinction of “cultural additivity” with relevant concepts, such as cultural hybridity, syncretism, and creolization.
    Date: 2022–12–25
  5. By: Silvia Sacchetti; Mario Diani
    Abstract: Il working paper presenta risultati di una ricerca sul volontariato culturale e nello specifico analizza la natura delle bande e il loro ruolo all’interno della comunità trentina. I dati sono stati raccolti nel mese di agosto 2021 con un questionario originale indirizzato a tutti i bandisti degli 86 corpi della Provincia Autonoma di Trento, con circa 1.000 risposte. Lo studio mette in evidenza le motivazioni iniziali che fanno avvicinare la persona alla banda, sia le caratteristiche che permettono alle motivazioni di persistere o migliorare nel tempo. Tra le motivazioni iniziali spiccano la volontà di imparare uno strumento, la condivisione della passione per la musica, e la crescita personale. L’energia iniziale viene rinnovata in presenza di due condizioni. Da un lato, le motivazioni dei musicisti sembrano persistere o crescere se il direttivo ne ascolta le opinioni e i suggerimenti, li coinvolge nell’organizzazione degli eventi, ed in qualche misura anche nella scelta del repertorio. Dall’altro però la banda non dev’essere troppo rigida: deve cioè tener conto degli altri impegni dei musicisti senza sovraccaricarli troppo, ed essere per quanto possibile flessibile nell’organizzazione della pratica. Tra gli esiti del suonare in banda rientra specificatamente il senso di appartenenza che il musicista sviluppa verso il proprio gruppo. Oltre a questo, conta però un misto di fattori che fanno riferimento sia all’identità personale che alla sfera delle relazioni. Per quanto riguarda i legami con il territorio, metà dei musicisti dichiara di partecipare alle attività di almeno un’altra associazione.
    Keywords: Bande musicali, Motivazioni, Reti relazionali, Struttura organizzativa e partecipazione, Territorio, Volontariato culturale
    JEL: Z1 L3 A39
    Date: 2022
  6. By: Sultan Mehmood (New Economic School, Moscow); Avner Seror (Aix-Marseille University); Daniel L. Chen (TSE-R - Toulouse School of Economics - UT1 - Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: We estimate the impact of the Ramadan fasting ritual on criminal sentencing decisions for Pakistan and India from half a century of daily data. We use random case assignment and exogenous variation in fasting intensity within Ramadan due to the rotating Islamic calendar and the geographical latitude of the district courts to document large effects of Ramadan fasting on decision-making. Our sample comprises roughly a half million judicial cases and 10, 000 judges from Pakistan and India. Ritual intensity increases acquittal rates of Muslim judges, lowers their appeals and reversal rates, and does not come at the cost of increased recidivism or heightened outgroup bias. Overall, our results highlight that the Ramadan fasting ritual followed by a billion Muslims worldwide induces more lenient decisions that appear to be of higher quality.
    Keywords: Religious rituals, Ramadan, Decision-making
    Date: 2022–12–15

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