nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2022‒07‒18
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Harmonious Relations: Quality transmission among composers in the very long run By Maria Marchenko; Karol Jan Borowiecki; Nicholas Martin Ford
  2. Loneliness and health of older adults: The role of cultural heritage and relationship quality By Casabianca, Elizabeth; Kovacic, Matija
  3. Culture and the creative economy in Emilia-Romagna, Italy By OECD
  4. The Never Ending Book: The role of external stimuli and peer feedback in user-generated content production By Maria Marchenko; Hendrik Sonnabend

  1. By: Maria Marchenko (Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics and Business); Karol Jan Borowiecki (Department of Economics, University of Southern Denmark); Nicholas Martin Ford (Department of Economic History, Lund University)
    Abstract: Most creatives acquire professional talents by learning from others, but in most settings it is difficult to estimate the existence of long-term effects. This paper explores the transmission of skills over a period of more than seven centuries by focusing on the case of music composers. We ask the question: how does a composer’s quality influence the quality of the composers he or she teaches? Our analysis builds on a unique dataset of 17,433 composers from around the world since the fourteenth century. By comparing actual teacher–student pairs with plausible counterfactual pairs and by using a two-stage framework, we show a strong effect of quality transmission. Moreover, we find quality transmission persists across multiple generations: from teacher to student, and subsequently to student’s student and so on. Our results provide new insights on drivers of creativity over the very long term, as well as the influence of teachers on students' achievements.
    Keywords: creativity, transmission of ideas, music history, teacher influence
    JEL: I21 J24 N30 O31 Z11
    Date: 2022–05
  2. By: Casabianca, Elizabeth (European Commission); Kovacic, Matija (European Commission)
    Abstract: We estimate the direct causal effect of loneliness on a variety of health outcomes using a sample of second-generation immigrants among older adults drawn from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. In an effort to account for the endogeneity of self-declared loneliness, we explore the link between loneliness and a specific trait of maternal cultural background strongly associated with quality of relations and use the latter as an instrument for loneliness. We thus also assess the importance of cultural heritage in shaping individuals' perceptions of loneliness. Additionally, we investigate one pathway by which some specific ancestral factors may influence the formation of cultural traits in the modern era. Our results suggest that loneliness has a significant impact on health, both mental and physical. Notably, our identification strategy allows us to uncover a larger effect of loneliness on health than that found in an OLS setting. These findings are robust to a battery of sensitivity checks.
    Keywords: Loneliness, relationship quality, culture, mental health, physical health
    JEL: I12 I14 J14 D91 Z13
    Date: 2022–05
  3. By: OECD
    Abstract: Cultural and creative sectors are a significant driver of local development through job creation and income generation, spurring innovation across the economy. Beyond their economic impacts, they also have significant social impacts, from supporting health and well-being to promoting social inclusion and local social capital. This paper offers a review of cultural and creative sectors in the Emilia-Romagna region, Italy, highlighting issues and trends in regards to employment, business, entrepreneurship and financing in cultural and creative sectors. It also reviews issues and trends relating to cultural participation and offers in-depth analysis on the role of museums in supporting local development. The paper provides analysis and recommendations to support the region in strengthening the local cultural and creative ecosystem.
    Keywords: creative industries, cultural employment, culture and local development
    JEL: I31 Z1
    Date: 2022–06–17
  4. By: Maria Marchenko (Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics and Business); Hendrik Sonnabend (Department of Economics and Business Administration, University of Hagen)
    Abstract: This paper studies the determinants of the voluntary provision of user-generated (online) content. Using data from the largest fanfiction website, we find that writers respond differently to new original material: conditional on text length, writing times increase for the average writer and even more for the elite of prolific writer. We explain this finding with quality concerns. In addition, we find supportive evidence that community feedback encourages first-time contributors to continue publishing. For more established writers, we find that community feedback has a rather dampening effect on text lengths and writing times. Overall, these effects are more pronounced for high-quality community feedback ('reviews') compared to low-quality community feedback ('following', 'favoriting').
    Keywords: fanfiction, user-generated content, online public goods, voluntary contribution
    JEL: H41 C31 D01 Z11
    Date: 2022–05

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