nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2022‒05‒02
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Resources Based View in Destination Image and Tourist Attitude Influence on Tourist Intention through Tourist Satisfaction to Visit Cultural Heritage in Indonesia By Zulkarnain Siregar
  2. On not being Dubai: infrastructures of urban cultural policy in Istanbul & Beirut By Centner, Ryan
  3. Ethnicity and cultural dynamics By Bunce, John A; McElreath, Richard

  1. By: Zulkarnain Siregar (Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia Author-2-Name: Nurul Wardani Lubis Author-2-Workplace-Name: Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia Author-3-Name: La Ane Author-3-Workplace-Name: Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia Author-4-Name: Armin Rahmansyah Nasution Author-4-Workplace-Name: Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia Author-5-Name: Author-5-Workplace-Name: Author-6-Name: Author-6-Workplace-Name: Author-7-Name: Author-7-Workplace-Name: Author-8-Name: Author-8-Workplace-Name:)
    Abstract: "Purpose - North Sumatera is one province in Indonesia functioning as a gate for ASEAN countries. It's an advantage of North Sumatera to be one of the tourist destinations for its cultural heritage. This study aims to know whether tourists' intention can be created to visit the existing cultural heritage in North Sumatera by applying a resource-based view to the destination image. After that the variable destination image, tourist attitude, and tourist satisfaction in affecting Tourist Intention. Methodology - This research is testing the ability of destination image, tourist attitude, and tourist satisfaction in affecting Tourist Intention. The competitive advantage of tourism sites can create tourist intentions. The research is using questionnaires arranged by Likert scale. The research sample is taken by an accidental sampling method. The data is then processed by Partial Least Square (PLS). Findings - This research found, with applying RBV into destination image has a connection to tourist attitude, tourist intention, and tourist satisfaction. For the variable tourist, attitude is influenced by tourist satisfaction, but tourist attitude does not have an impact on tourist intention. And tourist satisfaction has a relation to the tourist intention variable. Novelty - Destination images in previous research have two aspects i.e tangible and intangible. Tangible refers to physical evidence and intangible show to the psychological aspect. While the Resources Based View (RBV) has two aspects of that. furthermore, this research is applying RBV into Destination Image Variable. Type of Paper - Empirical"
    Keywords: RBV, Tourist Intention, Destination Image, Tourist Satisfaction, and tourist attitude
    JEL: M31 L83
    Date: 2022–03–31
  2. By: Centner, Ryan
    Abstract: This paper compares how Istanbul and Beirut both attempt to underline their cultural and developmental uniqueness today in contrast to a metonymic menace — Dubai, standing in for spectacular yet supposedly culture-less Gulf cities. Even amid their own speculative construction frenzies that threaten local heritage, Turkish and Lebanese city-shapers assert theirs are “real” cities because they have “civilization” and “history.” By addressing their own efforts to build, defend, or oppose physical infrastructures related to local urban culture, Istanbullus and Beirutis rely on and reassert strategic, phatic discourses that frequently reference Gulf cities as counterpoint. Analysis focuses on how each city crafts a distinctive urban profile via civilizational appeals to historic senses of culture, inflecting infrastructural developments related to bridging (Istanbul) and bordering (Beirut). Historical truisms are deployed with marked flexibility to showcase these cities as “not Dubai.” This study offers lessons on the particular worlding of Middle Eastern cities and the role of discourses in the material-symbolic infrastructure of implicit urban cultural policy.
    Keywords: Istanbul; Beirut; Dubai; infrastructure; discourse; heritage; development
    JEL: R14 J01
    Date: 2020–10–05
  3. By: Bunce, John A; McElreath, Richard
    Abstract: Much cultural variation in humans is structured by ethnic identity, which entails perceptions of covariance between easily observable markers, difficult-to-observe norms, and, often, (potentially mythical) ancestry. The dynamics of ethnic identity entail changes in the distributions of these perceptions in a population over time. Here, we review the scope of ethnicity, the adaptive nature of ethnic psychology, the dynamics of ethnic perceptions, the consequences of ethnicity for other cultural dynamics, and challenges for future research.
    Date: 2022–04–06

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