nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2022‒02‒21
six papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Digitalization, copyright and innovation in the creative industries: an agent-based model By Alessandro Nuvolari; Arianna Martinelli; Elisa Palagi; Emanuele Russo
  2. The Concept of Vernacular Architecture in Contemporary Museum Education in Romania By Astrid Isabela Bogdan
  3. Target-the-Two: A Lab-in-the-field Experiment on Routinization By Giuseppe Attanasi; Massimo Egidi; Elena Manzoni
  4. The effect of league design on spectator attendance: a regression disontinuity design approach By Reilly, Barry; Witt, Robert
  5. Protection of Geographical Indications at E.U. Level By Mihai Dorel Vlad; Sara Vlad
  6. Combating online hate speech: The impact of legislation on Twitter By Andres, Raphaela; Slivko, Olga

  1. By: Alessandro Nuvolari; Arianna Martinelli; Elisa Palagi; Emanuele Russo
    Abstract: The ambiguity of the empirical results on the relationship between copyright and creativity calls for a better theoretical understanding of the issue, possibly enlarging the analysis to other factors such as technology and copyright enforcement. This paper addresses these complex policy issues by developing an agent-based model (ABM) to study how the interplay between digitization and copyright enforcement affects the production and access to cultural goods. The model includes creators who compete in different submarkets and invest in activities that might lead to the generation of creative outputs in existing submarkets, new (to the creators) submarkets, or in newly 'invented' submarkets. Finally, the model features a copyright system that provides creators with the exclusive right to reproduce their original copies and a pirate market responsible for creating and distributing pirated copies.
    Keywords: Innovation; Intellectual property rights; Creative industries; Copyright; Agent-based models.
    Date: 2022–01–28
  2. By: Astrid Isabela Bogdan (Ion Mincu University of Architecture and Urban Planning, Bucharest, Romania)
    Abstract: The subject of this research paper, the open-air museum, we consider that especially in contemporaneity it becomes a main actor on the cultural scene, and through the current study we aim to create extensions of this type of exhibition, extensions that meet the needs of the general public. Moreover, through this paper we aim to systematize the fundamental pillars of vernacular architecture and heritage, but this time, not treating the subject in an exhaustive way, but pointing out its key elements through a series of projects that are currently work in progress. Although through this study we aimed to interrogate only a certain type of exhibition, in this case the open-air museum, in reality we came to new interrogations involving actors from new areas of expertise, areas that we did not anticipate very clearly at the beginning of our research. Thus, we can say that at this moment, the research includes three pillars of work, pillars that we have built based on a methodology for investigating a type of architecture, perspectives based on which we try to build the body of this research. Of course, they are in a process of transformation, based on examples and certain typologies, so that we can answer questions and, why not, launch new questions.
    Keywords: vernacular, architecture, museum education
    Date: 2021–06
  3. By: Giuseppe Attanasi (Université Côte d'Azur, France; GREDEG CNRS); Massimo Egidi (LUISS University, Rome); Elena Manzoni (University of Bergamo)
    Abstract: The paper investigates the determinants of routinization and creativity by means of a lab-in-the-field experiment run at the 20th edition of a mass gathering festival in Italy ("La Notte della Taranta"). In the experiment, subjects play repeatedly the puzzle version of Target-The-Two game (32 hands). We find that when we focus on expert subjects there is no difference in behavior between creative and routinized individuals. When we consider inexpert subjects, instead, routinized individuals perform better, due to the fact that they are faster. However, routinization, although increasing the likelihood to complete all the 32 hands of the game, it increases the number of moves needed to complete them, which ultimately decreases the likelihood to win the game.
    Keywords: creativity, routinization, Target-The-Two game, lab-in-the-field experiment
    JEL: C93 D91 O31
    Date: 2021–12
  4. By: Reilly, Barry; Witt, Robert
    Abstract: This paper exploits a sharp regression discontinuity design to identify the causal impact of the Scottish Premiership League (SPL) “split” on spectator match attendance. We use data drawn from all 19 completed seasons for which this institutional arrangement has been in place. The causal effect of the “split” is to induce, for the last five rounds of games played in the season, a differential in average attendance of about 24% between the clubs that just qualify for the “Championship Play-off” section and those that do not. However, the annualized effect for the season is found to be modest.
    Keywords: spectator attendance Scottish Premiership RDD
    JEL: J1
    Date: 2021–06–01
  5. By: Mihai Dorel Vlad (Dimitrie Cantemir Christian University of Bucharest, Romania); Sara Vlad (Dimitrie Cantemir Christian University of Bucharest, Romania)
    Abstract: Already at the beginning of this century there is the impression that the protection of the source indications against false or misleading use is insufficient. In addition, the need to protect and encourage local, traditional production methods was highlighted. In France, the first statute was adopted which provided for the protection of geographical indications by a special title of industrial property, namely the designations of origin. Only products that meet quality standards are protected by designation of origin. Initially, the designations of origin concerned only wines and alcohol, but later, the concept of the designation of origin was extended to include other products (such as dairy products, especially cheese and butter), agricultural and vegetable products. Due to the success of French designations of origin, the same or a similar system was introduced in other countries, mainly in the wine and alcohol sector.
    Keywords: protection, geographical indication, Union law, copyright, legislation
    Date: 2021–06
  6. By: Andres, Raphaela; Slivko, Olga
    Abstract: We analyze the impact of the Network Enforcement Act, the first regulation which aims at restraining hate speech on large social media platforms. Using a difference-in- differences framework, we measure the causal impact of the German law on the prevalence of hateful content on German Twitter. We find evidence of a significant and robust decrease in the intensity and volume of hate speech in tweets tackling sensitive migration-related topics. Importantly, tweets tackling other topics as well as the tweeting style of users are not affected by the regulation, which is in line with its aim. Our results highlight that legislation for combating harmful online content can influence the prevalence of hate speech even in the presence of platform governance mechanisms.
    Keywords: Social Networks,User-Generated Content,Hate Speech,Policy Evaluation
    JEL: H41 J15 K42 L82 L86
    Date: 2021

This nep-cul issue is ©2022 by Roberto Zanola. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.