nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2021‒09‒27
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. A policy proposal to deal with excessive cultural tourism By Bruno S. Frey; Andre Briviba
  2. What Feeds on What? Networks of Interdependencies between Culture and Institutions By Nadia von Jacobi; Vito Amendolagine

  1. By: Bruno S. Frey; Andre Briviba
    Abstract: This paper presents a proposal to deal with cultural overtourism causing substantial negative effects. They burden the local population, tourists, and the natural environment by overcrowding, vandalism, and pollution. While at present tourism is suppressed by governments due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it will likely become a major issue again in the future. Our proposal allows us to think about the way cultural tourism should be organized in the future and how to mitigate the negative externalities affecting cultural heritage as well as the local population and the natural environment. As an innovation to overcome these problems, the heavily visited historical sites are to be replicated in a suitable nearby location. Advanced digital technology such as augmented and virtual reality, holograms, and digital twins are to be used to make the cultural sites attractive to all sorts of tourists.
    Keywords: Overtourism; innovation; Revived Original; copy; digital technology
    JEL: P48 Z10 Z18 Z38 Z30
    Date: 2021–09
  2. By: Nadia von Jacobi; Vito Amendolagine
    Abstract: We propose a methodology inspired by ecology to map the complex interdepen- dencies between cultural and institutional factors - controlling for other socioeco- nomic and structural characteristics. We characterize interdependencies as asym- metric symbiotic relations, distinguishing between ‘hosts’ that nurture other factors and ‘symbionts’ that reversely feed on the former. We use correlation network anal- ysis to compute a map of multiple such interdependencies for Brazil, which has a vast territory, internally diversified historical paths and a multilevel governance structure. We set the empirical analysis at the municipality level and find that in- stitutional factors tend to be symbionts, whereas cultural factors tend to be hosts. However, our results also show that institutions assume multiple roles within a com- plex network of interdependencies, often becoming themselves habitat for others or transmittors of indirect effects.
    Keywords: Institutions, Culture, Symbiosis, Correlation network analysis, Brazil
    JEL: O17 O43 C18 D02 H70
    Date: 2021

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