nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2021‒09‒13
five papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Hipsters vs. geeks? Creative workers, STEM and innovation in US cities By Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés; Lee, Neil
  2. Cultural Modernisation And Film Industry: Naked Facts From IMDB By Violetta I. Korsunova; Olesya V. Volchenko
  3. « A diachronic view of the role of collaborative spaces in the creative industries: The singular case of the French « atelier Nawak » » By Pierre Poinsignon; Thomas Paris
  4. Examining fan participation in the digital media: Fans’ transcreation of webtoons By Nam, Jinyoung; Jung, Yoonhyuk
  5. Digital Twins to Enable Smart Heritage Facilities Management: A Systematic Literature Review By Cynthia (Huiying) Hou; Hao Wu Hilde Remoy

  1. By: Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés; Lee, Neil
    Abstract: Innovation in cities is increasingly regarded as an outcome of two potential inputs: scientific activity and creativity. Recent firm level research has suggested that what really matters for innovation is the combination of these two inputs, rather than the mere presence of workers representing each group. Yet there is little evidence on whether this relationship holds at the city level. This paper investigates this gap in our knowledge by examining how the simultaneous presence of STEM (geeks) and creative workers (hipsters) in 290 US Metropolitan Statistical Areas during the period between 2005 and 2015 has contributed to determine city level innovation. The results indicate that, although at first sight the presence of STEM workers is a more important driver of innovation than that of creative ones, it is the combination of both factors that maximizes innovation in US cities. The most innovative cities are precisely those that are more successful at combining the two. Hence, current policies which tend to focus mainly on either STEM or creativity may be better targeted at ensuring both are present.
    Keywords: cities; creative class; creativity; innovation; STEM; United States; AH/S001298/1
    JEL: R14 J01
    Date: 2020–05–01
  2. By: Violetta I. Korsunova (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Olesya V. Volchenko (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper focuses on the relationship between film content and human values in Europe. Our research fills in two research gaps. For one thing, it reveals the links between people’s values and visual cultural production that can showcase the effects of changing values on culture. The other part of our research concerns the use of the Internet Movie Database (IMDb) as a data set reflecting changes in modern societies. We track the changes in film topics provided by the IMDb and European Values Study (EVS) data to see how the changes in people’s values are linked to the popularity of related topics. Our special focus lies on the link between choice values and the probability of nudity depiction in films. The sample contained all European countries across 1960-2013. Using multilevel regression analysis, we found that the probability of female nudity is associated with the level of choice values, whereas the male nudity is more likely to appear in films related to the topic of homosexuality.
    Keywords: cultural modernisation, emancipative values, film studies, female nudity, male nudity, nudity in films.
    JEL: A13 C3 Z11
    Date: 2021
  3. By: Pierre Poinsignon (i3-CRG - Centre de recherche en gestion i3 - X - École polytechnique - Université Paris-Saclay - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Thomas Paris
    Date: 2020
  4. By: Nam, Jinyoung; Jung, Yoonhyuk
    Abstract: The rising popularity of webtoons, a popular type of digital content, led to emergence of an interesting phenomenon known as transcreation. Transcreation indicates fans' twofold activity of translating and recreating webtoons into a new language, while maintaining originality of the content. Although transcreators are playing a significant role in facilitating the spread of webtoons in the global market, the role of such transcreators has received scant attention. By employing the means-end chain approach through laddering interviews, the study explicates fans' goal structure in transcreation of webtoons. This empirical study provides insights into fans' involvement in the digital media industry.
    Keywords: Webtoon industry,Transcreation,Fandom,Fan participation,Digital media,Goal hierarchy,Means-end chain
    Date: 2021
  5. By: Cynthia (Huiying) Hou; Hao Wu Hilde Remoy
    Abstract: This paper aims to investigate theoretical and practical links between applications of digital twin (DT) and heritage facilities management (HFM) in order to identify future applications of DT in HFM through a systematic review of the rapidly expanding DT literature. A systematic literature review strategy was developed based on three research questions: what are (1) the current relationship between ID and HFM, (2) existing gaps between DT and HFM and (3) future trend of applying DT on BHM? The results of the literature review show that first, the studies on adopting DT in the disciplines architecture, engineering, construction and operation (AECO) have been growing in the past few years, especially from 2018 to 2020; second, among the identified papers, a major portion of the literature focuses on investigating DT’s application in maintenance, operation, facilities management and asset management from both the building level and smart city level; third, heritage conservation calls for digital solutions for problems related to performance monitoring and predictive maintenance. The implication of this study is that DT application in HFM is that DT shall be integrated with heritage building information modelling (HBIM) to facilitate efficient data management and HBIM-based mechanism for DT development is needed for future HFM.
    Keywords: Digital twin; HBIM; Heritage facilities management; Systematic literature review
    JEL: R3
    Date: 2021–01–01

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