nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2021‒08‒16
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. About the Work of Italian Artist Ludwig Longo in Tbilisi (1831-1914) By Lali Osepashvili
  2. Digitally induced industry paradoxes: disruptive innovations of taxiwork and music streaming beyond organizational boundaries By Tilson, David; Sørensen, Carsten; Lyytinen, Kalle J.
  3. Cultural Imprinting: Ancient Origins of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Germany By Michael Fritsch; Martin Obschonka; Fabian Wahl; Michael Wyrwich
  4. The Cultural Roots of Firm Entry, Exit, and Growth By Katharina Erhardt; Simon Haenni

  1. By: Lali Osepashvili (Art History Shota Rustaveli Theatre and Film Georgian State University, Georgia)
    Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to present a well-known Italian artist Ludwig Longo, who was once really active in Tbilisi, to the public life. Unfortunately, he has gradually been forgotten but he left precious heritage. According to this purpose the author of this article, considered to reconstruct Tbilisi passages of Longo’s biography in order to make a famous this painter for modern Georgian and Italian arts historians. Main materials were found by the Fund of New Georgian Art Department of Art Museum, newspaper materials, etc. As a result of this research revealed that L. Longo was deep involved in and have obtained his place in Tbilisi. He mainly was painting portraits, as well he had covered with drawings Tbilisi Saint Trinity Church and Al. Nevelly Military Temple or "Soboro" as it was called.
    Keywords: Ludwig Longo, Italian Painter; Georgia; Georgian Art
    Date: 2021–05
  2. By: Tilson, David; Sørensen, Carsten; Lyytinen, Kalle J.
    Abstract: The exponential growth of digital technologies and their increased importance in both organizational and everyday life poses new challenges to paradox research within management studies. Management scholars taking a paradoxical lens have predominantly focused on social paradoxes within the confines of the organization. Technological change has often been treated as an exogenous force bringing previously latent tensions to the fore. Such newly salient paradoxes are viewed as instigating managerial sensemaking and exploration of strategic responses that will re-establish equilibrium. Our investigation of how digital innovations disrupted London taxiwork and global music distribution shows something different. The paradoxical tensions raised by emerging digital technologies inevitably play out at industry and societal levels. Concomitant changes in boundaries, categories, and potentials for action that shape and channel ongoing industry transformation call for organizational responses and adaptation. Critically, such tensions must be interpreted within the context of industry arrangements absent a centrally controlling actor. Rather than episodes of exogenous change, the nature of the digital, along with interactions across multiple sources of agency, continually surface complex dynamic and systemic tensions within and across industries. Our findings highlight the importance of explicitly accounting for the inter-relatedness and mutual dependence of the social and technical elements of change. As digital innovation expands and starts to impact all aspects of human experience it is critical for management scholars to reflect how the paradoxical perspective can be expanded to better understand these contemporary large-scale changes.
    Keywords: paradox; digital; industry disruption; taxi service; music industry; institution
    JEL: R14 J01
    Date: 2021–07–08
  3. By: Michael Fritsch (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany); Martin Obschonka (Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia); Fabian Wahl (University of Hohenheim, Germany); Michael Wyrwich (University of Groningen, The Netherlands, and Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany)
    Abstract: A region’s present-day economic performance can be deeply anchored in historical factors. We provide the first systematic evidence of a deep imprinting effect in the context of Roman rule in the south-western part of Germany nearly 2,000 years ago. Our analysis reveals that regions in the former Roman part of Germany show a stronger entrepreneurship and innovation culture today, evident by higher levels of quantity and quality entrepreneurship and innovation. The data indicate that this lasting 'Roman effect' was constituted by the early establishment of interregional social and economic exchange and related infrastructure. Our findings thus help in unpacking the hidden cultural roots of present-day economic performance, with important implications for research and economic policy.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship, innovation, historical roots, Romans, Limes
    JEL: N9 O1 I31
    Date: 2021–08–11
  4. By: Katharina Erhardt; Simon Haenni
    Abstract: Can culture explain persistent differences in economic activity among individuals and across regions? A novel measure of cultural origin enables us to contrast the entrepreneurial activity of individuals located in the same municipality but whose ancestors lived just on opposite sides of the Swiss language border in the 18th century. Individuals with ancestry from the German-speaking side create 20% more firms than those with ancestry from the French-speaking side. These differences persist over generations and independent of the predominant culture at the current location. Yet, founders’ ancestry does not affect exit or growth of newly-founded firms. A model of entrepreneurial choice and complementary survey evidence suggest that the empirical patterns are mainly explained by differences in preferences, rather than skill. The results have sizable economic implications, accounting for 120,000 additional jobs over a period of 15 years.
    Keywords: culture, entrepreneurship, natural experiment, spatial RDD
    JEL: D22 L26 O12 Z10
    Date: 2021

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