nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2021‒07‒26
seven papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Playlisting Favorites: Measuring Platform Bias in the Music Industry By Luis Aguiar; Joel Waldfogel; Sarah B. Waldfogel
  2. Measuring the Efficiency of a Local Cultural Policy: the Toulouse Salons (1885-1939) By Léa Saint-Raymond
  3. Resistance to Institutions and Cultural Distance: Brigandage in Post-Unification Italy By Giampaolo Lecce; Laura Ogliari; Tommaso Orlando
  4. Do Creative Industries Generate Multiplier Effects? Evidence from UK Cities, 1997-2018 By Gutierrez-Posada, Diana; Kitsos, Tasos; Nathan, Max; Nuccio, Massimiliano
  5. Art, management et vision stratégique des dirigeants de PME : Le modèle « Art-Vi.S.T » By Dominique Phanuel
  6. Sound-induced motion in chimpanzees does not imply shared ancestry for music or dance By Mila Bertolo; Manvir Singh; Samuel Mehr
  7. Development of the radio market in the Slovak Republic in the years 2016 to 2019 By Marcel Lincényi; Fabus Michal

  1. By: Luis Aguiar; Joel Waldfogel; Sarah B. Waldfogel
    Abstract: Platforms are growing increasingly powerful, raising questions about whether their power might be exercised with bias. While bias is inherently difficult to measure, we identify a context within the music industry that is amenable to bias testing. Our approach requires ex ante platform assessments of commercial promise - such as the rank order in which products are presented - along with information on eventual product success. A platform is biased against a product type if the type attains greater success, conditional on ex ante assessment. Theoretical considerations and voiced industry concerns suggest the possibility of platform biases in favor of major record labels, and industry participants also point to bias against women. Using data on Spotify curators' rank of songs on New Music Friday playlists in 2017, we find that Spotify's New Music Friday rankings favor independent-label music, along with some evidence of bias in favor of music by women. Despite challenges that independent-label artists and women face in the music industry, Spotify's New Music curation appears to favor them.
    JEL: K21 L12 L82
    Date: 2021–07
  2. By: Léa Saint-Raymond (ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres)
    Abstract: In 1885, some artists from Toulouse gathered together and decided to pursue a "cultural policy" ahead of its time, by organizing an annual exhibition in their city: the Union artistique de Toulouse. In 1905, other painters, sculptors, furniture makers and architects went even further in this regionalist and southern affirmation: they organized a second exhibition in Toulouse, the Salon des artistes méridionaux, which is still active today. Based on a comprehensive dataset of 24,646 artworks exhibited in Toulouse at the Union artistique and the Salon des artistes méridionaux, and using hedonic regression analysis, this paper aims at measuring the effectiveness and scope of this local cultural policy, from 1885 through 1939.
    Date: 2021
  3. By: Giampaolo Lecce (Groningen University); Laura Ogliari (University of Milan); Tommaso Orlando (Bank of Italy)
    Abstract: What determines the rejection of exogenously imposed institutions? To address this question, we exploit the transplantation of institutions that occurred when southern Italy was annexed to Piedmont, during the Italian unification process of the 1860s. We assemble a novel dataset on episodes of brigandage, a form of violent uprising against the unitary government, and on pre-unification social and economic characteristics of southern Italian municipalities. We find that the intensity of institutional rejection is ceteris paribus lower in and close to settlements of Piedmontese origin. We argue that geographical distance from these communities is a proxy for cultural distance from the Piedmontese rulers. Thus, our results suggest that cultural proximity to the ‘donor’ reduces institutional rejection by ‘recipient’ communities in the context of institutional transplantations. We rule out alternative mechanisms proposed by the economic literature, provide suggestive evidence of cultural persistence and diffusion in our context, and discuss two possible culture-based interpretations of our results: a clash between local values and the content of the new institutions, and social identification with the Piedmontese rulers.
    Keywords: Institutions, Culture, Institutional Transplantations, Cultural Diffusion
    JEL: N43 D74 P16 Z10
    Date: 2021–04–14
  4. By: Gutierrez-Posada, Diana; Kitsos, Tasos; Nathan, Max (UCL); Nuccio, Massimiliano
    Abstract: The creative industries have received much attention from economic geographers and others, both for their propensity to co-locate in urban settings and their potential to drive urban economic development. However, evidence on the latter is surprisingly sparse. In this paper we explore the long-term, causal impacts of the creative industries on surrounding urban economies. Adapting Moretti’s local multipliers framework, we build a new 20-year panel of UK cities, using fixed effects and a historic instrument to identify effects on non-creative firms and employment. We find that each creative job generates at least 1.9 non-tradable jobs between 1998 and 2018: this is associated with creative business services employees’ local spending, rather than visitors to urban amenities such as galleries and museums. We do not find the same effects for workplaces, and find no causal evidence for spillovers from creative activity to other tradable sectors, findings consistent with descriptive evidence on the increasing concentration of creative industries in a small number of cities. Given the small numbers of creative jobs in most cities, however, the overall effect size of the creative multiplier is small, and shapes only a small part of non-tradable urban employment change. Overall, our results suggest creative economy-led policies for cities can have positive – albeit partial – local economic impacts.
    Date: 2021–07–11
  5. By: Dominique Phanuel (VALLOREM - Val de Loire Recherche en Management - UO - Université d'Orléans - Université de Tours)
    Abstract: Dans son état de l'art, Schnugg (2011) estime que la prise en compte de l'art dans le management n'est pas vraiment nouvelle mais que nous manquons encore de modèles. Si ce champ thématique se concentre sur les grandes entreprises, l'art et les artistes n'auraient-ils pas franchi les portes des PME ? Consécutivement plusieurs questions se posent : Quel est le rapport à l'art du dirigeant de PME, dit autrement, y est-il sensible ? Quelles sont les traductions managériales et décisionnelles de cette sensibilité à l'art dans la PME ? Les dirigeants de PME auraient-il une vision artistique alimentant une vision stratégique d'ensemble ? Afin de répondre de façon structurée à ces questions, nous proposons un modèle que l'on nomme « Art-Vi.S.T » (« Art-Vision.Sensibilité.Traduction »).
    Keywords: Dirigeant de PME,art,stratégie,management,vision,sensibilité,traduction,modèle
    Date: 2021–06
  6. By: Mila Bertolo; Manvir Singh (IAST - Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse); Samuel Mehr
    Date: 2021–01–12
  7. By: Marcel Lincényi (School of Economics and Management of Public Administration in Bratislava); Fabus Michal (School of Economics and Management of Public Administration in Bratislava)
    Abstract: The paper is a part of a long-term research of the mass media market in the Slovak Republic under the conditions of globalization. The main objective of the research study is to analyse the development trends of the market of selected radios in the Slovak republic in the monitored period 2016-2019. The authors focus on the analysis of the development of listening and the volume of financial resources spent on advertising (number of spots, number of broadcast hours, value of advertising broadcasts) for selected radios with nationwide coverage. Among other things, the research showed a decrease in market share for all monitored radios and a decrease in listening for most of the monitored radios. The authors think that the above is because radio managements are not able to adapt sufficiently to the time that affects the listeners. From the above, the authors also warn the management of radio stations to increase the emphasis on development, the structure of broadcasting and to try to stop the clear decline in the development of radio.
    Keywords: radio stations,broadcast,market development,market of radio stations,analysis,advertising amount
    Date: 2020–09–30

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