nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2021‒06‒28
five papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. In Art We Trust By Li, Yuexin; Ma, X.; Renneboog, Luc
  2. : Inside the net: Women composers’ use of online communities of practice to build and support their careers By Sophie Hennekeman; Sophie Hennekam; Sally Macarthur; Dawn Bennett; Cat Hope; Talisha Goh
  3. Interdependent creativity for Learning in a Virtual World By Martine Gadille; Maria Impedovo; Caroline Corvasce; Joséphine Rémon
  4. Digital Addiction By Hunt Allcott; Matthew Gentzkow; Lena Song
  5. The Effect of Social Media on Elections: Evidence from the United States By Thomas Fujiwara; Karsten Müller; Carlo Schwarz

  1. By: Li, Yuexin (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research); Ma, X. (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research); Renneboog, Luc (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)
    Keywords: auction; hedonic pricing; art investment; Art returns; pedigree; auction house; cultural economics
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Sophie Hennekeman (Audencia Recherche - Audencia Business School); Sophie Hennekam (Audencia Recherche - Audencia Business School); Sally Macarthur (School of Humanities and Communication Arts, Western Sydney University); Dawn Bennett (CBS - Curtin Business School - Curtin University [Perth] - PATREC - Planning and Transport Research Centre); Cat Hope (Sir Zelman Cowen School of Music, Monash University); Talisha Goh (Western Australian Academy of Performings Arts, Edith Cowan University)
    Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine women composers' use of online communities of practice (CoP) to negotiate the traditionally masculine space of music composition while operating outside its hierarchical structures. Design/methodology/approach The authors employed a mixed methods approach consisting of an online survey ( n =225) followed by 27 semi-structured in-depth interviews with female composers to explore the concept and use of CoP. Content analysis was used to analyze the survey responses and interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to interpret respondents' lived experiences as relayed in the interviews. Findings The findings reveal that the online environment can be a supportive and safe space for female composers to connect with others and find support, feedback and mentorship, increase their visibility and develop career agency through learning and knowledge acquisition. CoP emerged as an alternative approach to career development for practicing female music workers and as a tool which could circumvent some of the enduring gendered challenges. Originality/value The findings suggest that online CoP can have a positive impact on the career development and sustainability of women in male-dominated sectors such as composition.
    Date: 2019–09–23
  3. By: Martine Gadille (CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Maria Impedovo (AMU - Aix Marseille Université); Caroline Corvasce (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Joséphine Rémon (UL2 UFR LESLA - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UFR Lettres, Sciences du langage et Arts - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2)
    Keywords: Research paper Creativity,sociotechnical network,learning,middle school,Virtual World,pedagogical scenario,professionality
    Date: 2021
  4. By: Hunt Allcott; Matthew Gentzkow; Lena Song
    Abstract: Many have argued that digital technologies such as smartphones and social media are addictive. We develop an economic model of digital addiction and estimate it using a randomized experiment. Temporary incentives to reduce social media use have persistent effects, suggesting social media are habit forming. Allowing people to set limits on their future screen time substantially reduces use, suggesting self-control problems. Additional evidence suggests people are inattentive to habit formation and partially unaware of self-control problems. Looking at these facts through the lens of our model suggests that self-control problems cause 31 percent of social media use.
    JEL: D12 D61 D90 D91 I31 L86 O33
    Date: 2021–06
  5. By: Thomas Fujiwara; Karsten Müller; Carlo Schwarz
    Abstract: We study how social media affects election outcomes in the United States. We use variation in the number of Twitter users across counties induced by early adopters at the 2007 South by Southwest (SXSW) festival, a key event in Twitter's rise to popularity. We show that this variation is unrelated to observable county characteristics and electoral outcomes before the launch of Twitter. Our results indicate that Twitter lowered the Republican vote share in the 2016 and 2020 presidential elections, but had limited effects on Congress elections and previous presidential elections. Evidence from survey data, primary elections, and a text analysis of millions of tweets suggests that Twitter's relatively liberal content may have persuaded voters with moderate views to vote against Donald Trump.
    JEL: D72
    Date: 2021–05

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