nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2021‒02‒15
nine papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Measuring National Happiness with Music By Benetos, Emmanouil; Ragano, Alessandro; Sgroi, Daniel; Tuckwell, Anthony
  2. Dancing into Dual Leadership By Susan Figeac; Kruti Lehenbauer
  3. Technical Change and Superstar Effects: Evidence from the Roll-Out of Television By Felix Koenig
  4. NETWORK PLANNING OF THE PUBLISHING PROCESS FOR THE ISSUE OF THE MAGAZINE By Dmitriy Demin; Horst Schwickerath; Katharina Schwickerath
  5. Dimension of Interfaith Harmony in Albanian Culture By Genti Kruja
  6. The Night of Tarantella versus The CaluÅŸ Festival in the Midst of a Pandemic By Aurelia Sabiescu
  7. The Economic Incentives of Cultural Transmission: Spatial Evidence from Naming Patterns across France By Yann Algan; Clément Malgouyres; Thierry Mayer; Mathias Thoenig
  8. The art of story-telling in “Kinh tế Việt Nam: Thăng trầm và đột phá” By Ho, Tung Manh
  9. A unique culture of football By Ho, Manh-Toan

  1. By: Benetos, Emmanouil (Queen Mary University of London and The Alan Turing Institute); Ragano, Alessandro (University College Dublin); Sgroi, Daniel (University of Warwick, ESRC CAGE Centre and IZA Bonn.); Tuckwell, Anthony (University of Warwick and ESRC CAGE Centre.)
    Abstract: We propose a new measure for national happiness based on the emotional content of a country’s most popular songs. Using machine learning to detect the valence of the UK’s chart-topping song of each year since the 1970s, we find that it reliably predicts the leading survey-based measure of life satisfaction. Moreover, we find that music valence is better able to predict life satisfaction than a recently-proposed measure of happiness based on the valence of words in books (Hills et al., 2019). Our results have implications for the role of music in society, and at the same time validate a new use of music as a measure of public sentiment.
    Keywords: subjective wellbeing, life satisfaction, national happiness, music information retrieval, machine learning. JEL Classification: N30, Z11, Z13
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Susan Figeac (University of the Incarnate Word, United States); Kruti Lehenbauer (University of the Incarnate Word, United States)
    Abstract: The source of revenue for nonprofit performing arts organizations has shifted over time with the continuous reduction of government support. Nonprofit performing arts organizations are faced with the dilemma of financial and organizational sustainability while continuing to pursue artistic freedom. Companies in the performing arts industry are typically structured with a “dual leadership†and a dual mission: artistic and operational. This study addresses the influence of leadership structure and board member involvement on the financial performance of nonprofit dance organizations. This study expands on previous research and analyses the impact of leadership structure on unearned and earned revenue sources in the dance sector. The first portion of this study comprises of a literature review that explores existing research on leadership structure, board member influence, and revenue composition in nonprofit organizations and identifies if the dance sector performs as expected, in general. In the second portion, we perform a regression analysis exploring the relationship between revenues and leadership structure for a sample of 135 dance organizations based in Texas. We find that while the literature supports a dual leadership model for maximizing revenues, the simple linear base model estimates do not conform to this expectation for dance organizations in Texas. However, the estimates obtained from a log-linear model, suggest that dual leadership and board member participation contribute positively and significantly to the financial performance of those organizations.
    Keywords: dual leadership, non-profit dance, sustainability, regression analysis
    Date: 2020–10
  3. By: Felix Koenig
    Abstract: "Superstar effects" generate large compensation differentials among similarly talented individuals. Are superstar effects amplified by technological innovations that extend the scale over which talent is deployed? I test this idea in the market for entertainers, using the roll-out of television as a natural experiment which provides clean variation in a scale-related technological change. The launch of a local TV station increases top entertainers' incomes, resulting in a twofold increase in top-percentile income share, while reducing employment and incomes of lower-level talents. These results show clear evidence of superstar effects and are inconsistent with canonical models of skill-biased technological change.
    Keywords: Superstar Effect, inequality, top incomes, technical change
    JEL: J31 J23 O33 D31
    Date: 2019–11
  4. By: Dmitriy Demin (NTUKPI - National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute"); Horst Schwickerath; Katharina Schwickerath
    Abstract: The object of research is the publishing process for the magazine's release. One of the most problematic areas is the difficulty of competition between print publishers and media that provide information services on the web. Therefore, for publishers, it is especially important to ensure consistency of work within the entire publishing process based on its rational organization. In particular, the development of structural diagrams and relationships at different levels of preparation and implementation of publishing projects is relevant. Network planning methods are used in research. The obtained results suggest that the proposed structural scheme for managing the publishing process is successful. Due to the presence of the proposed links between the participants in the publishing process, the scheme provides the ability to plan each current issue of the magazine with a guarantee of the announced terms of the magazine's release. The influence of two scenarios-pessimistic and optimistic-on the deadline is analyzed. It has been established that the pessimistic forecast does not allow for the specified target date if it is 1 time per quarter. The optimistic forecast provides the possibility of a guaranteed quarterly publication of the magazine-the target date for all publishing processes before the start of the finished circulation is 89-92 days. In the case of an optimistic forecast, the network schedule for publishing the magazine showed that all works within the publishing process, before the distribution of the current issue's circulation, have a reserve of time. While in the implementation of the pessimistic scenario, only two works have a reserve of time-the design and approval of the design of the advertisement with the customer. The peculiarities of the proposed solutions are that the pessimism and optimism of the scenarios are determined in relation to those works for which everything depends only on the performer. In turn, these are exactly the works that do not require external approvals.
    Keywords: time reserve,optimistic forecast,pessimistic forecast,deadline,network schedule
    Date: 2020–10–31
  5. By: Genti Kruja (University College Beder, Albania)
    Abstract: In its general meaning, “culture†is defined as a spiritual non-material world in the life of different societies, while civilization is defined as, a material world reflecting cultural values. Sociological sciences, particularly during the twentieth century, have given a broader meaning to the concept of culture. In addition to artistic, scientific and philosophical creativity, the contemporary sociological concept of culture includes the totality of activities and of the ways of living of its society members (Dervishi 2003, 5). The concept of culture is one of the most used notions in sociology. Culture consists of the values that members of a group own, the norms they respect and the material goods they possess. Values are abstract ideals, while norms are defined principles or rules which people must follow. Norms determine what should and what should not be done. According to sociologist Giddens, culture consists of lifestyles, clothing, ceremonies, traditions, and customs and so on. Culture as a concept is distinct from society; however, there are close ties between the two notions. Society is the system of mutual relationships that connect individuals of the same culture. No culture or society can exist without each other (Giddens 2007, 43). In the traditional Albanian culture, stand out values such as patriotism and devotion, self-sacrifice in the cause of homeland, humanism which can go up to extreme altruism, the desire to be educated, generosity and honesty. In the system of values of the traditional Albanian culture, the most prominent values, the ones that distinguish it from other European cultures and beyond, are Besa (pledge of honour), hospitality and religious tolerance (Dervishi 2003, 31).
    Keywords: Albanian culture, civilization, interfaith harmony, Besa, interfaith dialogue
    Date: 2020–10
  6. By: Aurelia Sabiescu (University of Craiova, Craiova, Romania)
    Abstract: Unfortunately, this year will see a complete different organization of the 23rd edition of the concert in Melpignano, Puglia; it will be held behind closed doors, due to the pandemic that has had a stark impact worldwide, precisely as it strongly affected most regions of Italy. Therefore, the concert will be broadcast on the Italian channel Rai 2 on Friday 28th August at 10.45 pm. The musical performance is a symbol of a tribute paid to the traditional music of Salento. The renowned composer Paolo Buonvino, along with, will bring joy to their viewers admiring the performance from home by including an emotional soundtrack, as the concert takes inspiration mainly from both various musical traditions and the current situation in Salento, thus the two musicians strive to encapsulate the image of people’s misfortunes over the past few months, during lockdown, as everyone seems to have forgotten how to smile lately. Moreover, the accompaniment will also cover a mixture of popular customs of the pizzica dance and the world of cinematography. Two notorious orchestras will be performing from the stage of Melpignano, namely the Orchestra Popolare “La Notte della Taranta†and the Orchestra Roma Sinfonietta. The decision to postpone the live performance of the festival was made in order to avoid further transmission of the COVID-19 virus. At the same time, the festival is dedicated to the lion-hearts who fight against the viral disease. The final concert will be held three years from now, in 2023.
    Keywords: Festival, Popular Music, Dancing, Tradition, CaluÅŸ, Tarantella
    Date: 2020–09
  7. By: Yann Algan (Institut d'Études Politiques [IEP] - Paris, CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR); Clément Malgouyres (PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, IPP - Institut des politiques publiques); Thierry Mayer (Institut d'Études Politiques [IEP] - Paris, CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR, CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - Centre d'analyse stratégique); Mathias Thoenig (UNIL - Université de Lausanne, CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR)
    Abstract: This paper studies how economic incentives influence cultural transmission, using a crucial expression of cultural identity: Child naming decisions. Our focus is on Arabic versus Non-Arabic names given in France over the 2003-2007 period. Our model of cultural transmission features three determinants: (i) vertical (parental) cultural transmission culture; (ii) horizontal (neighborhood) influence; (iii) information on the economic penalty associated with Arabic names. We find that economic incentives largely influence naming choices: Would the parental expectation on the economic penalty be zero, the annual number of babies born with an Arabic name would be more than 50 percent larger.
    Keywords: Cultural Economics,Cultural Transmission,First Names,Social Interactions
    Date: 2021–01
  8. By: Ho, Tung Manh
    Abstract: A short review of the art of story-telling in "Kinh te Viet Nam: Thang tram va dot pha."
    Date: 2021–01–12
  9. By: Ho, Manh-Toan (Thanh Tay University Hanoi)
    Abstract: Up to this day, I still do not know why people in Hanoi play seven-a-side football. Probably, the size of the field back then was limited. However, the high level of cultural additivity has allowed people to adapt and then slowly, turning it into something unique. It seems hard to understand, but just enjoy the football and let the mindsponge work for you.
    Date: 2021–01–12

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