nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2021‒01‒25
five papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. What makes an artist? The evolution and clustering of creative activity in the US since 1850 By Borowiecki, Karol Jan; Dahl, Christian Møller
  2. The Economic Incentives of Cultural Transmission: Spatial Evidence from Naming Patterns across France By Yann Algan; Clément Malgouyres; Thierry Mayer; Mathias Thoenig
  3. Measuring Market Power in Professional Baseball, Basketball, Football, and Hockey By Healy, Gerald T., III; Tan, Jing Ru; Orazem, Peter F.
  4. Analyzing the response to TV serials retelecast during COVID19 lockdown in India By Sandeep Ranjan
  5. Russian Translations of Sophie De Segur’s Works in the Context of General Strategies of Pre-Revolutionary Children’s Literature By Kirill, Chekalov (Чекалов, Кирилл)

  1. By: Borowiecki, Karol Jan (Historical Economics and Development Group (HEDG)); Dahl, Christian Møller (Department of Business and Economics)
    Abstract: This research illuminates the historical development and clustering of creative activity in the United States. Census data is used to identify creative occupations (i.e., artists, musicians, authors, actors) and data on prominent creatives, as listed in a comprehensive biographical compendium. The analysis first sheds light on the socio-economic background of creative people and how it has changed since 1850. The results indicate that the proportion of female creatives is relatively high, time constraints can be a hindrance for taking up a creative occupation, racial inequality is present and tends to change only slowly, and access to financial resources within a family facilitates the uptake of an artistic occupation. Second, the study systematically documents and quantifies the geography of creative clusters in the United States and explains how these have evolved over time and across creative domains.
    Keywords: Creativity; artists; geographic clustering; agglomeration economies; urban history
    JEL: N33 R10 Z11
    Date: 2021–01–22
  2. By: Yann Algan (Institut d'Études Politiques [IEP] - Paris, CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR); Clément Malgouyres (PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, IPP - Institut des politiques publiques); Thierry Mayer (Institut d'Études Politiques [IEP] - Paris, CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR, CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - Centre d'analyse stratégique); Mathias Thoenig (UNIL - Université de Lausanne, CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR)
    Abstract: This paper studies how economic incentives influence cultural transmission, using a crucial expression of cultural identity: Child naming decisions. Our focus is on Arabic versus Non-Arabic names given in France over the 2003-2007 period. Our model of cultural transmission features three determinants: (i) vertical (parental) cultural transmission culture; (ii) horizontal (neighborhood) influence; (iii) information on the economic penalty associated with Arabic names. We find that economic incentives largely influence naming choices: Would the parental expectation on the economic penalty be zero, the annual number of babies born with an Arabic name would be more than 50 percent larger.
    Keywords: Cultural Economics,Cultural Transmission,First Names,Social Interactions
    Date: 2021–01
  3. By: Healy, Gerald T., III; Tan, Jing Ru; Orazem, Peter F.
    Abstract: Using Forbes magazine’s estimates of the current value and revenues of professional sports teams, we derive a long-run variant of the Lerner Index. We apply the strategy to professional teams in baseball, basketball, football, and hockey over the 2006–2019 period. All teams have positive and significant price-cost margins over the entire period. Analysis of variance shows that local market factors and past team performance have less impact on a team’s market power than do common league-wide effects. The strongest market power is in leagues with more aggressive revenue sharing policies. Price-cost margins are higher for professional teams in North American than for the most valuable European soccer teams, consistent with the stronger exemption from antitrust law in the United States and the weaker revenue sharing policies in Europe.
    Date: 2020–01–01
  4. By: Sandeep Ranjan
    Abstract: TV serials are a popular source of entertainment. The ongoing COVID19 lockdown has a high probability of degrading the publics mental health. The Government of India started the retelecast of yesteryears popular TV serials on public broadcaster Doordarshan from 28th March 2020 to 31st July 2020. Tweets corresponding to the Doordarshan hashtag were mined to create a dataset. The experiment aims to analyze the publics response to the retelecast of TV serials by calculating the sentiment score of the tweet dataset. Datasets mean sentiment score of 0.65 and high share 64.58% of positive tweets signifies the acceptance of Doordarshans retelecast decision. The sentiment analysis result also reflects the positive state of mind of the public.
    Date: 2020–12
  5. By: Kirill, Chekalov (Чекалов, Кирилл) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)
    Abstract: The work concerns the process of perception of the Countess de Segur's creativity in Russia. Despite the fact that "Les Malheurs de Sophie" was read extremely widely in Russia, the works of Sofya Fedorovna were most often ignored by the press and were often absent from the recommendation lists for children's reading. Her works appear in the Index of Books for Children and Popular Reading, published in 1892, but in the index attached to this publication we find instead of Sophia Feodorovna “Count de Seguur” - that is, Louis Philippe de Segur, her husband's grandfather .. More the situation is sadder with the extensive index compiled in 1910 by the children's writer M.R. Lemke. In the introductory article, the author of the reference book claims that he has been studying the problems of children's reading for a long time. All publications included in the index are divided into four age categories: "books for babies" (from 3 to 7 years old), "books for young children" (from 7 to 9 years old), "books for middle age" (from 9 to 12 years old), “Books for older age” (from 12 to 15 years old). Alas, the works of Countess de Segur are not represented in any of these categories.
    Date: 2020–05

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