nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2020‒08‒10
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Understanding the cultural values at the individual level in central africa: A test of the cvscale in cameroon By Raoul Djamen; Laurent Georges; Jean-Louis Pernin
  2. Does crowd support drive the home advantage in professional soccer? Evidence from German ghost games during the COVID-19 pandemic By Fischer, Kai; Haucap, Justus
  3. Race and ethnicity in the UK film industry: an analysis of the BFI diversity standards By Nwonka, Clive James

  1. By: Raoul Djamen (GRANEM - Groupe de Recherche Angevin en Economie et Management - UA - Université d'Angers - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - Institut National de l'Horticulture et du Paysage); Laurent Georges (LGCO - Laboratoire Gouvernance et Contrôle Organisationnel - UT3 - Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées); Jean-Louis Pernin (LERASS - Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches Appliquées en Sciences Sociales - UT2J - Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT3 - Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées - UM3 - Université Paul-Valéry - Montpellier 3)
    Abstract: In order to reduce the risk of failure, it is vital to learn about the different cultures around the world before doing business in other countries. Nonetheless, the existing cross-cultural business literature dealing with culture assessment methods has been widely criticized (Sharma, 2010). For instance, most studies operationalize personal cultural orientations for individual consumers based on the national scores on Hofstede (1980, 1991) cultural dimensions. In response to these concerns, the Cultural Values Scale (CVSCALE) is a 26-item scale that has been developed by Yoo, Donthu, and Lenartowicz (2011) to capture Hofstede's (1991) five cultural dimensions at the individual level. However, none previous studies have investigated these dimensions in Central Africa in general and specifically in Cameroon, a country which has many different ethnic groups. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to test the reliability and validity of the CVSCALE in Cameroon.
    Keywords: values,cvscale,Cameroon,Hofstede,culture
    Date: 2020
  2. By: Fischer, Kai; Haucap, Justus
    Abstract: This paper examines the relation between crowd support and home advantage in professional soccer. For that purpose, we make use of a unique "natural experiment": so-called ghost games in the three top divisions of German professional soccer during the Corona pandemic. We find that there is a reduced home advantage in the first division, whereas no change can be observed in the second and third division. Our regression analysis indicates that the decrease in the home advantage and the different effects across the three divisions are not sensitive to a variety of performance, location, and team covariates and most suitably explained by the lower occupancy rate in the stadia. Hence, the decrease in the occupancy rates to zero at the ghost games has been less dramatic for teams that have been used to low occupancy rates. Put differently, the more a team has been used to a full stadium, the more severe is the loss of home advantage. The ghost game effect decreases over time, however, implying that players adapt and get used to the new situation. Our analysis also sheds light on potential drivers of home advantage such as stadium tracks, travel distance, derbies and within-week matches.
    Keywords: Home Advantage,Corona Pandemic,Professional Soccer,Stadium Occupancy
    JEL: Z20 Z21
    Date: 2020
  3. By: Nwonka, Clive James
    JEL: R14 J01
    Date: 2020–07

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