nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2020‒04‒13
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Metal for the masses: how indie metal labels have adapted for the digital era By Messick, Kyle J.
  2. A revised application of 3Ts´ Florida in peri-urban areas By Cattivelli, Valentina; Stawinoga, Agnieszka
  3. Hipsters vs. Geeks? Creative workers, STEM and innovation in US cities By Andrés Rodríguez-Pose; Neil Lee
  4. The Rule of Law and its Impact on Socio- Economic, Environmental, Gender and Cultural Issues By Anatoliy Kostruba

  1. By: Messick, Kyle J.
    Abstract: One of the areas that has most readily adapted to the changing musical environment is within metal music culture. Dedicated fans have taken responsibility upon themselves to create smaller record labels that specialize both in bringing attention to new, rising bands, as well as to do the laborious work that is needed to make sure that historical, out-of-print metal albums continue to receive new listeners. Their dedication has resulted in tightly-woven communities between these labels, the bands, and music fans, and this has contributed to the resurgence of physical mediums including vinyl and cassettes. Strategies are discussed that help push sales of physical media, including the release of special and elaborate versions of albums, often with unique packaging, or with limited color variants of vinyl editions. This article includes interviews with individuals that run underground metal labels and that host metal music streams, and they share their experience of how metal has changed as the music industry and the consumption of music has moved into the digital era, and the pros and cons that come with that, including perceptions about streaming and streaming services. Comparisons are made between major corporate labels and indie record labels, and the proactive role of indie labels in keeping musical subcultures thriving is assessed.
    Date: 2020–03–13
  2. By: Cattivelli, Valentina; Stawinoga, Agnieszka
    Abstract: This article analyzes the determinants and the distribution of Creative Class in peri-urban areas. Starting from Florida´s hypothesis on localization patterns (the famous 3Ts), the article uses unique measures to define tolerance and urban climate, to add innovative determinants and extend the analysis to peri-urban territory in Northern Italy. These measures are tested applying a principal component analysis and spatial regression models. The results partially confirm Florida. Creative class presence is strongly associated with socio-economic determinants, such us public expenditure, presence of creative and no-creative firms, volunteering; less than cultural amenities and technology. Tolerance has more controversial effects.
    Keywords: Creative class, creative capital, Peri-urban municipalities, civil unions
    JEL: R00 R1 R11 R12
    Date: 2019–10
  3. By: Andrés Rodríguez-Pose; Neil Lee
    Abstract: Innovation in cities is increasingly regarded as an outcome of two potential inputs: scientific activity and creativity. Recent research using firm level data has suggested that actually it might be the combination of these two inputs, rather than the mere presence of workers representing each group, which matters. Yet there is little evidence on whether this relationship holds using city level data in the case of the United States (US). This paper investigates this gap in our knowledge by examining how the combination of STEM (geeks) and creative workers (hipsters) in a panel of 290 US Metropolitan Statistical Areas during the period between 2005 and 2015 relates to city level innovation. The results indicate that, although the presence of STEM workers is a more important driver of innovation than that of creative ones, the most innovative cities are characterised by a combination of the two. Hence, current policies which tend to focus mainly on either STEM or creativity may be better targeted at ensuring interactions between the two.
    Keywords: creativity, creative class, STEM, innovation, cities, United States
    JEL: O18 O32 O33 R12
    Date: 2020–04
  4. By: Anatoliy Kostruba (Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University)
    Abstract: Legal science indicates the complexity of its subject. The law regulates not only the social relations themselves, but also affects all related industries. The signing of contracts follows the economy and relations between economic agents. At the time when the world trade is developing more, and more actively, the levelling of differences between legal systems allows to expand the boundaries of cooperation and ensure the exchange of goods and services almost without restrictions
    Keywords: Law & society,Law & Economics,civil law
    Date: 2019–08–03

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