nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2020‒03‒16
seven papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. "I go, I pay". The role of experience in recognizing the need for public financing of cultural goods By Bartosz Jusypenko; Aleksandra Wiśniewska
  2. Exploring Sustainability in Cultural Heritage Tourism Planning: Can Strategic Environmental Assessment Fill in the Gap? By Urmila Jha-Thakur; Fatemeh Khosravi; Giamila Quattrone; Soumyen Bandyopadhyay; Ian Magedera; Supriya Garikipati
  4. Media Competition and News Diets By Charles Angelucci; Julia Cagé; Michael Sinkinson
  5. Language Ideology in Cross-Cultural Communication By Yanka, Amelia; Rex, Ed
  6. A Window to the World: The long-term effect of Television on Hate Crime By Endrich, Marek
  7. Quantifying the intangible impact of the Olympics using subjective well-being data By Dolan, Paul; Kavetsos, Georgios; Krekel, Christian; Mavridis, Dimitris; Metcalfe, Robert; Senik, Claudia; Szymanski, Stefan; Ziebarth, Nicolas R.

  1. By: Bartosz Jusypenko (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw); Aleksandra Wiśniewska (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)
    Abstract: Public financing of culture is a common phenomenon - especially in European countries. Empirical studies reveal that it is socially acceptable and even desirable. However, a question arises: what factors influence support for such a cultural policy? The study shows that the most important determinant is related to experience - past and future, anticipated. People who often and intensively consume various cultural goods, are also more willing to subsidize them through the public sector. The results of the study not only show that regular contact with culture has a positive impact on understanding the important role of the state in shaping the cultural sector, but also that the attitude towards cultural policy changes rapidly after crossing a certain threshold of experience.
    Keywords: cultural policy, cultural goods, experienced goods, rational addiction, non-market valuation
    JEL: Z10 Z18 D12 D91
    Date: 2020
  2. By: Urmila Jha-Thakur; Fatemeh Khosravi; Giamila Quattrone; Soumyen Bandyopadhyay; Ian Magedera; Supriya Garikipati
    Abstract: Sustainability is critical to the delivery of cultural heritage tourism (CHT) since its foundation to attract tourist relies on the preservation of the historic and cultural offerings of the host community. CHT destinations within urban and semi-urban heritage sites in emerging economies find this particularly challenging. To explore this issue and its associated challenges, this paper brings together an interdisciplinary team representing disciplines of heritage management, architectural and cultural history, economics, environmental planning and sustainability to establish the extent to which sustainability principles are integrated within CHT destinations in the semi-urban destinations of emerging economies. An interdisciplinary analysis of the case study of Srirangapatna-Mysore region in India, using a framework for evaluating sustainability principles within CHT reveals environmental considerations to be the weakest link. Accordingly, Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is proposed as a tool that can potentially enhance environmental sustainability of CHT.
    Keywords: Cultural Heritage Tourism (CHT), Sustainability, Interdisciplinary, Semi-urban, India
    JEL: D9 E4 E5
    Date: 2020–03
  3. By: Ion MITULETU (Member of the Academy of Military Security Sciences); Marian HOGEA (Senior instructor)
    Abstract: Military art is the fundamental component of military science and has as its object the war as a whole and the armed struggle. Over the years, military art has seen spectacular evolutions and mutations in strategy, operative art and tactics, by assimilating and integrating the achievements of the technical-scientific revolution. From this perspective, we aim to highlight the main conceptual landmarks in which military art evolved also targeting the high technology, network-based warfare, the planned operation on the effects of using ISTAR systems and the hybrid operation that integrates and associates several military and non-military components. This comprehensive approach to the evolution of military art gives us the possibility to evaluate the multidimensional operational environment, to highlight the characteristics and physiognomy of the future military operations through the integration of new technological and information systems and equipment. In this context, we state that the success in planning, training, execution and evaluation of military operation in the future will depend on the professionalism of the human resource and the degree of assimilation of technologies and intelligent systems within the management and execution structures.In recent years, the art of war has undergone major changes at all levels (strategic, operational and tactical). Due to the new information phase of the scientific and technological revolution, in the near future, several theories of armed struggle will arise influencing the social and economic life of all states.
    Keywords: military art, high technology, hybrid operation, security.
    Date: 2019–11
  4. By: Charles Angelucci; Julia Cagé; Michael Sinkinson
    Abstract: News media operate in two-sided markets, offering bundles of content to readers as well as selling readers' attention to advertisers. Technological innovations in content delivery, such as the advent of broadcast television or of the Internet, affect both sides of the market, threatening the basic economic model of print news operations. We examine how the entry of television affected local newspapers as well as consumer media diets in the United States. We develop a model of print media and show that entry of national television news could adversely affect the provision of local news. We construct a novel dataset of U.S. newspapers' economic performance and content choices from 1944 to 1964. Our empirical strategy exploits quasi-random variation in the timing of the entry of television in different markets. We show that the entry of television was a negative shock for newspapers, particularly evening newspapers, in both the readership and advertising markets. Further, we find a drop in the total quantity of news printed, in particular original reporting, raising concerns about the provision of local news.
    JEL: D4 L11 L15 M37 N72
    Date: 2020–02
  5. By: Yanka, Amelia; Rex, Ed
    Abstract: According to Franz Boas, the socio-cultural context within which a speech community thrives and upon which its collective preferences and linguistic prejudices are established should be considered only as a "secondary rationalization" and should be relegated below the more important aspect of studying the inherent dynamics of the language itself. In the process, Boas developed an alternative linguistic model where race, language, and culture may be separated from-and can function independently of-each other. This model allows an external observer to develop a keen understanding of any given language without the need to solicit value-laden information-such as cultural, religious, or social judgments-from native speakers. Thus, secondary rationalizations, while important, may be bypassed in any attempt of a non-native linguist to understand and reconstruct a given language
    Date: 2020–01–13
  6. By: Endrich, Marek
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the long-term impact of television on hate crimes in Germany. In the German Democratic Republic (GDR) foreign television served as a window to the world and exposed viewers to foreign influences. But certain parts of the GDR were excluded from receiving Western television due to geographical features. I argue that this resulted in long-lasting differences in the attitude towards foreigners. Using the spatial variation in signal strength as a natural experiment, the paper tests the effect of Western broadcasts on the rate of hate crimes. Municipalities with no access to foreign broadcasts exhibit a higher degree of xenophobic violence in the period of the migration crisis in Germany between 2014 to 2017. It shows that media can lead to preference changes that persist for a long time after the exposure.
    Keywords: hate crimes,refugees,natural experiment,media
    JEL: J15 K42
    Date: 2020
  7. By: Dolan, Paul; Kavetsos, Georgios; Krekel, Christian; Mavridis, Dimitris; Metcalfe, Robert; Senik, Claudia; Szymanski, Stefan; Ziebarth, Nicolas R.
    Abstract: Hosting the Olympic Games costs billions of taxpayer dollars. Following a quasi-experimental setting, this paper assesses the intangible impact of the London 2012 Olympics, using a novel panel of 26,000 residents in London, Paris, and Berlin during the summers of 2011, 2012, and 2013. We show that hosting the Olympics increases subjective well-being of the host city's residents during the event, particularly around the times of the opening and closing ceremonies. However, we do not find much evidence for legacy effects. Estimating residents' implicit willingness-to-pay for the event, we do not find that it was worth it for London alone, but a modest well-being impact on the rest of the country would make hosting worth the costs.
    Keywords: Subjective well-being; Life satisfaction; Happiness; Intangible effects; Olympic Games; Sport events; Quasi-natural experiment
    JEL: I30 I31 I38 L83
    Date: 2019–08

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