nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2019‒12‒09
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Historical Replication Preserves Cultural Heritage By Bruno S. Frey; Andre Briviba
  2. Media competition, information provision and political participation:Evidence from French local newspapers and elections, 1944–2014 By Julia Cage
  3. Internationalization of Batik in the Creative Industry of Harajutik By Manurung, Rosida Tiurma; Kurniasih, Nuning; Zulfikar, Achmad; Saddhono, Kundharu; Sari, Ifit Novita; Setiawan, Yuliyanto Budi; , murjainah; , Parwito

  1. By: Bruno S. Frey; Andre Briviba
    Abstract: We propose a radically new approach to deal with major negative effects resulting from overtourism. The major attractions of heavily visited historical sites are to be identically replicated in a new location emphasizing a vivid historical experience supported by modern technology. In the near future, an enormous increase in the number of tourists is predicted due to low flight prices and a great increase of cruise ship passengers. The local populations will be exposed to strong negative external effects, the cultural site will be damaged, and the environment polluted. Under our proposal, tourists will no longer visit the historical sites but will be exposed to Historical Replicas (HIRE) with more intense historical experience achieved through modern technology (such as holograms). Our proposal provides an alternative to today’s overcrowded historical sites doomed to destruction by overtourism.
    Keywords: Historical Replication; overtourism; overcrowding; cities of culture; impacts of tourism
    Date: 2019–12
  2. By: Julia Cage (Département d'économie)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of increased media competition on the quantity and quality of news provided and, ultimately, on political participation. I build a new county-level panel dataset of local newspaper presence, newspapers' number of journalists, costs and revenues and political turnout in France, from 1944 to 2014. I estimate the effect of newspaper entry by comparing counties that experience entry to similar counties in the same years that do not. Both sets of counties exhibit similar trends prior to entry, but those with entry experience substantial declines in the average number of journalists. An increased number of newspapers is also associated with fewer articles and less hard news provision. Newspaper entry, and the associated decline in information provision, is ultimately found to decrease voter turnout at local elections. Exploiting the long time span covered by my data, I discuss a number of mechanisms that may drive these empirical findings. First, I examine the relationship between increased competition and media capture in the aftermath of WW2, when newspapers were biased and the advertising market was underdeveloped. I then show that in the recent period the effects are stronger in counties with more homogeneous populations, as predicted by a vertical product differentiation framework, whereas there is little impact in counties with more heterogeneous populations.
    Keywords: Media Competition; Newspaper Content; Size of the newsroom; Hard News; Soft News; Political Participation; Media Capture; Governance
    JEL: D72 L11 L13 L82
    Date: 2019–11
  3. By: Manurung, Rosida Tiurma; Kurniasih, Nuning (Universitas Padjadjaran); Zulfikar, Achmad; Saddhono, Kundharu; Sari, Ifit Novita; Setiawan, Yuliyanto Budi; , murjainah; , Parwito
    Abstract: Indonesia has a variety of traditional textile, namely Batik, Tenun, Songket, Gringsing, and others variety. Indonesian Traditional Textiles have their characteristics, fineness, and uniqueness. Batik as a cultural wealth of Indonesia potentially become a favorite fashion for youth. If Batik managed with unique ways and supported by a good marketing strategy, then Batik can increase sales figures and also go international for the fashion industry. This study discusses how the creativity and motivation of young people who mix and match the Indonesian Batik with the concept of Japanese Harajuku. This research uses a qualitative method with a case study. The results show that Batik with the idea of Japanese Harajuku can become an opportunity for the creative industry with the youth segment and promote to the international community through cultural diplomacy.
    Date: 2018–04–20

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