nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2019‒12‒02
seven papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Copyright Market in Colombia By Tito Yepes; Juan Mauricio Ramírez
  3. The sociological imagination and media studies in neoliberal times By Orgad, Shani
  4. Publishing and Promotion in Economics: The Tyranny of the Top Five By James J. Heckman; Sidharth Moktan
  5. Creative mind: hyper-connected or disconnected ? By Christophe Krzeminski
  6. Impact of institutional and cultural distance on ASEAN's trade efficiency By Doanh Khanh Nguyen; Van Ngoc Thi Pham; Heo, Yoon
  7. Pathways of Global Cultural Diffusion: Media and Attitudes about Violence against Women By Swindle, Jeffrey

  1. By: Tito Yepes; Juan Mauricio Ramírez
    Abstract: El mercado de derechos de autor y derechos conexos es uno de los pilares de la economía naranja. En él se tranzan licencias o autorizaciones de uso de los bienes intangibles como son la creación literaria, científica o artística reconocidos por las leyes de Colombia y por la mayoría de las legislaciones alrededor del mundo. Este estudio se aproxima al entendimiento de las principales problemáticas del mercado de derechos de autor en Colombia, haciendo énfasis en las industrias musical y audiovisual. Los análisis del estudio se centran en la relación, compleja e intrínseca, que existe entre los bienes sujetos a derechos de autor y las remuneraciones por su uso.
    Keywords: Derechos de Autor, Licencias, Regulación, Industria Musical, Industria Audiovisual, Colombia
    JEL: L82 O34
    Date: 2019–08–30
  2. By: Maria A. Bultseva (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Nadezhda M. Lebedeva (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: This research studies the relationship between home country intercultural experience, intercultural competence and creativity among Russian students. We assume that students from culturally heterogeneous groups or/and students having a course dedicated to intercultural issues are more creative, as cultural diversity and cultural learning are associated with a higher level of intercultural competence, and intercultural competence may be positively related to creativity. The sample of the first study included 72 students and the sample of the second study included 272 students of HSE University. Creativity was measured by the indicators of creative thinking (fluency, flexibility, and originality) via "Many instances game" from the creativity test battery of Runco; intercultural competence was measured using "Assessment of intercultural competence" of Fantini & Tirmizi. Home country intercultural experience was operationalized via the presence of students from other countries in the study groups and via the inclusion of a Cross-Cultural Psychology course in the students’ curriculum. The results of the first study show that cultural learning in the home country institution leads to higher levels of creativity, while the cultural heterogeneity of the groups is associated with an increase in creativity only when cultural learning was applied. The results of the second study show such components of intercultural competence as attitudes and the adaptability of behavior play an important role in the creativity of Russian students: attitudes are positively and the adaptability of behavior is negatively related to creativity.
    Keywords: creativity, intercultural learning, intercultural contacts, cultural heterogeneity, intercultural competence
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2019
  3. By: Orgad, Shani
    Abstract: Over the last two decades, Television and New Media has provided a vital platform to explore the importance of media texts, technologies, institutions, practices and processes for normalizing inequality and injustice. One of the critical themes within this agenda, on which much of my own work has focused, concerns the role of narratives in sustaining relations of power and inequality. However, to date, media and communications studies mostly examine narratives either as stories that circulate in public discourse or as people’s personal narratives. In the context of deepening inequalities, the cementing of neoliberal rationality and the intensifying centrality of media and communication technologies in public and everyday life, connecting the two realms is a vital task. Drawing on C. Wright Mills’ The Sociological Imagination, I argue for and demonstrate the value of connecting what Mills famously called “the personal troubles of milieu” and “the public issues of social structure” in the study of current media and narrative. Analysis of how contemporary social and cultural narratives furnish and condition our most intimate personal troubles has a tragic aspect; that is, the realization that our lives are shaped by social forces not of our own making. Yet the intersection between media and cultural discourses and individuals’ sense-making of their experiences can open up possibilities for change and even resistance. Indeed, studying the relationship between social narratives and people’s personal narratives offers a way to link our understanding of social change to the critical media analysis which Television and New Media has been known for since the turn of the century.
    JEL: J1
    Date: 2019–09–25
  4. By: James J. Heckman (University of Chicago); Sidharth Moktan (University of Chicago)
    Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between placement of publications in Top Five (T5) journals and receipt of tenure in academic economics departments. Analyzing the job histories of tenure-track economists hired by the top 35 U.S. economics departments, we find that T5 publications have a powerful influence on tenure decisions and rates of transition to tenure. A survey of the perceptions of young economists supports the formal statistical analysis. Pursuit of T5 publications has become the obsession of the next generation of economists. However, the T5 screen is far from reliable. A substantial share of influential publications appears in non-T5 outlets. Reliance on the T5 to screen talent incentivizes careerism over creativity.
    Keywords: tenure and promotion practices, career concerns, economics publishing, citations
    JEL: A14 I23 J44 O31
    Date: 2018–09
  5. By: Christophe Krzeminski (IEMN - Institut d’Électronique, de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologie (IEMN) - UMR 8520 - Institut supérieur de l'électronique et du nunérique (ISEN) - UPHF - Université Polytechnique Hauts-de-France - Ecole Centrale de Lille - Université de Lille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: draft version Creativity is at the center of many outlook. In liberal viewpoint, creativity is considered as the core of the economical competitivity being the real key driver in terms of change rate and economical growth. Moreover, the tentation to redefine the concept to be more in phase with the modern area is sometimes observed ? An interesting highlight is the comparison between the outcomes of two different creativity processes, the researcher and the collaborative approach. Striking difference in terms of timescale, relationship, emotion and final outcomes can also be identified. Probably, a particular care should be taken to prevent imitation and conformity effects resulting of brain and attitude mechanisms linked by the misuse of modern technologies and connectivity to preserve our cultural heritage. Probably, the natural human and collective based filtering, association, aggregation, classification and coordination of information flux resulting from the society organisation has been completely disrupted by the use of modern technologies with hyper-connected information system. Creativity is probably more fragile, more human and cultural related that it was probably estimated. Environmental factors and creativity pattern plays probably a major role in our civilisation heritage.
    Keywords: Perceived creativity,Civilisation,Creativity,Emotional intelligence,Collective cognition and group process,Modern technology,Creativity crisis
    Date: 2019–11–05
  6. By: Doanh Khanh Nguyen; Van Ngoc Thi Pham; Heo, Yoon
    Abstract: This paper aims to analyze the impact of institutional and cultural distance on ASEAN's trade efficiency using bilateral trade data from 2006 to 2016. The authors first employ an improved version of the stochastic frontier model to control endogeneity in estimating efficiency scores and then apply a sys-GMM model to estimate the impact of various distances on trade efficiency. The major findings are summarized as follows: first, trade efficiency of ASEAN's with the rest of the world is moderate, ranging from 0.48 to 0.60, and shows a downward trend. This indicates that considerable trade potential exists between ASEAN countries and the rest of the world. Second, institutional and cultural distance negatively affects ASEAN's trade efficiency. Third, trade freedom is an important factor that positively influences ASEAN's trade efficiency. Based on these findings, this study concludes that efforts to reduce differences in institutions and culture and to promote trade liberalization are strongly suggested as remedies for ASEAN countries to turn potential trade performance into actual trade performance.
    Keywords: trade efficiency,endogenous stochastic frontier model,endogeneity,system GMM,ASEAN
    JEL: F14 C55 F15
    Date: 2019
  7. By: Swindle, Jeffrey
    Abstract: Lay people around the world are aware of many global cultural scripts, but the specific pathways through which they are exposed to global and competing scripts remain abstract. I address this theoretical issue through an analysis in contemporary Malawi. I show how transnational organizations promoted media content laden with global scripts denouncing violence against women, while foreign media entertainment organizations spread and inspired content that normalized violence. Exposure to these unique media sources influenced people’s attitudes in opposite directions. Global and competing scripts both may be diffused within the same general source of information and have distinct effects.
    Date: 2018–12–04

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