nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2019‒10‒07
four papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Looking at Creativity from East to West: Risk Taking and Intrinsic Motivation in Socially and Culturally Diverse Countries. By Giuseppe Attanasi; Ylenia Curci; Patrick Llerena; Maria del Pino Ramos-Sosa; Adriana Carolina Pinate; Giulia Urso
  2. Intrinsic vs. extrinsic motivators on creative collaboration: The effect of sharing rewards. By Giuseppe Attanasi; Ylenia Curci; Patrick Llerena; Giulia Urso
  3. The relationship between birth order, sex, home scholarly culture and youths' reading practices in promoting lifelong learning for sustainable development in Vietnam By Trung Tran; Thi Thu Hien Le; Thi Thuy Trang Nguyen; Anh Giang Pham; Thi Hanh Vu; Minh Hoang Nguyen; Ha My Vuong; Thu Trang Vuong; Phuong Hanh Hoang; Manh Toan Ho; Quan-Hoang Vuong
  4. ‘Novel’ Ideas: The Effects of Carnegie Libraries on Innovative Activities By Enrico Berkes; Peter Nencka

  1. By: Giuseppe Attanasi; Ylenia Curci; Patrick Llerena; Maria del Pino Ramos-Sosa; Adriana Carolina Pinate; Giulia Urso
    Abstract: This article presents a mixed-methods research in the field of creativity. By making use of experiments and a questionnaire, it analyses how creativity is affected by three factors: i) motivation, ii) individuals’ attitudes towards risk and ambiguity and iii) social context. Each one of these factors has been extensively investigated in the theoretical and empirical literature getting to results still open to discussion. In particular, this research focuses on two aspects. First, we try to shed some light on the controversial findings linking risk taking and creativity that exist in the economic and psychology literature. To do so, we test the hypotheses that self perception of creative abilities may play a role in establishing a riskcreativity positive correlation. Second, being the three factors strongly influenced by culture, the study investigates whether the impacts on creativity may differ in diverse geographical locations. Following Attanasi et al. (2019), we exploit data from experiments performed in main cities of one eastern and one western country: Ho Chi Minh city (Vietnam) and Strasbourg (France). The information to build the risk and ambiguity factor derive from risk and ambiguity elicitation via lotteries. To account for motivation, different organizational scenarios are set in experimental treatments (financial incentives vs non financial incentives to collaborate). Finally, information on social context and self perception of creative abilities are collected through a self administrated questionnaire. In our analysis, we find that risk aversion, social habits and leisure activities have a positive effect on the creative performance of the French participants, while for Vietnamese the intrinsic motivation and the perception of their own creative capacities are positive correlated with creative scores. Our results suggest that in a country like France, social context has a strong influence on individual creativity, while for Vietnam individual features play a role in creativity, suggesting that the socio-cultural context has different impacts on creativity.
    Keywords: Cexperiments, risk, ambiguity, self-perceived creativity, motivation, geographical location, social context.
    JEL: I23 O31 O32
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Giuseppe Attanasi; Ylenia Curci; Patrick Llerena; Giulia Urso
    Abstract: Charness and Grieco (2019) have experimentally shown that financial incentives have a positive impact on individual creativity, but only in the case of “close” creativity, i.e., when there are constraints to the creative task that a subject has to accomplish. In this paper, we build on the same “close” creativity assignments of Charness and Grieco (2019) and analyze with undergraduate students and with experts in creativity the interplay between monetary incentives and group cooperation in creative assignments. We introduce a novel model of intrinsic vs. extrinsic motivation to group collaboration in creativity and run a theorydriven experiment to test our experimental hypotheses on the crowding out of intrinsic motivation due to extrinsic motivation to group creativity. We find more creativity in the group than in the individual treatment, apart when there are explicit monetary incentives to co-working (sharing ideas) in the creative assignment. Therefore, while Charness and Grieco (2019) show a positive interplay between monetary incentives (extrinsic individual motivation) and “close” creativity at the individual level, we provide evidence of a negative interplay between monetary incentives and “close” creativity at the group level (crowding out of intrinsic group motivation). Furthermore, and again in line with our model predictions, the latter effect is found more in the experimental sessions with experts in creativity than in those with undergraduate students.
    Keywords: Creativity, Group cooperation, Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation, Crowding out, Experiment.
    JEL: I23 O31 O32
    Date: 2019
  3. By: Trung Tran; Thi Thu Hien Le; Thi Thuy Trang Nguyen; Anh Giang Pham; Thi Hanh Vu; Minh Hoang Nguyen; Ha My Vuong; Thu Trang Vuong; Phuong Hanh Hoang; Manh Toan Ho; Quan-Hoang Vuong
    Abstract: Book reading is an important factor contributing to children's cognitive development and education for sustainable development. However, in a developing country like Vietnam, statistics have reported a low figure in book reading: only 1.2 books a year. This research study used a dataset of 1676 observations of junior high school students from Northern Vietnam to explore students' reading behavior and its association with demographic factors, and the family's reading culture. Data analysis suggests the older the student gets, the less inclined they are to read, and being female and having hobbies of low sensory stimulation are linked to higher preference for reading. Regarding scholarly culture at home, students who read more varied types of books and spend more time on books are correlated with higher reading interest. Reading habits are also positively reinforced by the capacity to access books and parental book reading.
    Keywords: Education for sustainable developments; Gender; Junior high school students; Reading abilities; Reading practices; Sustainable education; Vietnam
    Date: 2019–08
  4. By: Enrico Berkes (The Ohio State University); Peter Nencka (The Ohio State University)
    Abstract: We show that the historical rollout of public libraries increased the innovation output of recipient towns. Between 1886 and 1919, Andrew Carnegie donated $1.2 billion ($2018) to fund the construction of more than 1,500 public libraries across the United States. Drawing on a new data set based on original historical records, we identify cities that qualified to receive a library grant, applied for the program, received preliminary construction approval, but ultimately rejected Carnegie’s offer. Using the rejecting cities as a control group, we estimate the effects of Carnegie library formation on patenting activity. We provide evidence that the trends in the patenting activity in the two groups are indistinguishable before the construction of the libraries and then diverge. Cities that accepted grants experienced both short- and long-run gains in patenting activity. We also describe ongoing work to estimate how library exposure during childhood affects long-run innovative potential.
    Date: 2019

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