nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2019‒09‒23
seven papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Culture and authenticity: regulating shadow economy to foster market growth By Daskalopoulou, Irene F.
  2. Sustainable Valorization of Vernacular Patrimony in European and American Space. Examples of Good Practices of Outdoor Museum Architecture By Astrid Isabela Bogdan
  3. The Art of Fake By Oana Horhogea
  4. The Potential of the Church in Contemporary Culture By Cristian Marius Munteanu
  5. Playlisting Favorites: Is Spotify Gender-Biased? By Luis Aguiar Wicht; Joel Waldfogel; Sarah Waldfogel
  6. Rise of Digital Media to Triumph Brand Loyalty By Alam Kazmi, Syed Hasnain; Zaman, Syed Imran; Wahab, Abdul; Yan, Kou
  7. The distance elasticity at short distances - A study of the library choice of Oxford students By Ferdinand Rauch; Kristiina Tuomikoski

  1. By: Daskalopoulou, Irene F.
    Abstract: Competition in the cultural and creative industries is much dependent upon product and service differentiation. Differentiation is about the unique features that are embedded in the cultural products themselves. These unique features relate to and determine, the value that consumers ascribe to cultural products. Authenticity is commonly used to underlie the uniqueness of a cultural product and is thus a sign of a thing worthy of admiration. Within this context the current study undertakes a comparison of practices related to the way in which authenticity in the paintings’ market is handled. The aim is to sketch policy interventions for effectively regulating the shadow economy in this market. It is argued that good regulations are necessary and if enforced, positive outcomes in terms of the paintings’ market turnover and employment levels might be generated. In particular, we discuss interventions that would transform the threat of an illegal fake market into an opportunity for market growth through the development of a ‘parallel authentic copy market’. Under certain conditions such a policy intervention could have direct and indirect positive effects via: a) the incorporation of an important part of the activities of the shadow economy in the official market, b) the use of a parallel market to protect consumers and their welfare and c) the use of the parallel market to strategically foster growth in the cultural industry at large. Given the economic significance of the cultural industries at both the national and the EU level and the commitment of the later to support the industry’s growth insights, as to how we might best regulate the market in line with such directions, are critical.
    Keywords: authenticity, cultural industries, creative industries, economic policy, market regulation, shadow economy
    JEL: L52 M31 Z18
    Date: 2019–08–30
  2. By: Astrid Isabela Bogdan (“Dimitrie Cantemir†Christian University, Bucharest)
    Abstract: Lato sensu, we will bring together Architecture, Education Sciences and Legal Sciences in developing a good practice guide on the remodeling of outdoor museums, which will attempt to sustainable value the vernacular heritage. Moreover, considering that architecture is a defining component of cultural heritage, we believe that a work which aims to redefine a key concept for the world heritage is a necessary initiative for the museum environment, also the valorization of cultural heritage. Stricto sensu, we intend to start from some studies and examples of good practices, relying on contemporary cases. In addition, we will start building a discourse on interdisciplinarity, because for an outdoor museum it is not needed only a curator, but a whole group of specialists who could bring new elements of attractive interactivity to a more diverse audience.
    Keywords: 21st century, architecture, cultural patrimony, interdisciplinarity, law
    Date: 2019–04
  3. By: Oana Horhogea (“Alexandru Ioan Cuza†University of Iași, Faculty of Law, Iasi, Romania)
    Abstract: It was Plato who defined the meaning and metaphysical value of Beauty in a way which was valid for all types of Arts, emphasizing on the concept of “Mimesis†. This aesthetic principle, developed mainly during ancient times, states that art represents an imitation of the real world. If criminal expertise of hand-writing has as its subject the study of handwriting based on scientific evidence regarding the graphics skills with the aim of identifying the author, can we consider counterfeiting of historical evidence as a form of art? Both in the case of hand-writing and works of art, there occur anatomo-physiological and psychological peculiarities specific to their author, the complex conditioned reflexes, and the dynamic stereotype which define a certain individual. Thus, the author of the fake needs to have the ability and training to accurately render the characteristics of the original.
    Keywords: art, fake, imitation, hand-writing, peculiarities
    Date: 2019–04
  4. By: Cristian Marius Munteanu (PhD(c), Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca)
    Abstract: The Christian Church is going through an extremely critical period, highlighted, on the one hand, by the church members’ lack of preoccupation for new spiritual ideals and, on the other hand, by the disinterest of those who do not belong to any religious spheres in any church proposal. The statistical situation of the Church must be analyzed responsibly and visionary. This approach can bring a last argument in favor of abandoning the project or, on the contrary, it can open the eyes of those in charge to new possibilities of introducing the Church among the options to be considered, in a society that lacks durable landmarks. The revival chances of the church will increase in direct proportion to its interest in an honest diagnosis and in an urgent return to normal functioning parameters by assuming its biblical mandate. This can be achieved by renewing its offers to the public, by increasing attractiveness from many points of view, and by changing the direction of its actions, from centripetal to centrifugal. Instead of continuing to promote an agenda against postmodernism, the church should be looking for ways and means to become relevant in the current cultural reality.
    Keywords: Postmodernism, society, church, spirituality, culture
    Date: 2019–04
  5. By: Luis Aguiar Wicht (European Commission – JRC); Joel Waldfogel; Sarah Waldfogel
    Abstract: The growth of online platforms has raised questions about their power and the possibility that it could be exercised with bias, including by gender. Women account for about a fifth of the most successful artists at Spotify, prompting some concerns about bias. We explore the roles of female participation, along with promotion decisions at the platform - in particular playlist inclusion - in explaining the female share of successful songs and artists at Spotify in 2017. We employ two broad tests for gender bias. First, we ask whether songs by female artists are differently likely to appear on global playlists, conditional on the past success of the artists, song characteristics such as genre, and gender. Second, we test for bias in New Music Friday playlist ranking decision based on outcomes, asking whether songs by female artists stream more, conditional on their New Music Friday rankings. We find some evidence consistent with bias (in favor of women at Today's Top Hits as well as in the New Music rankings, and against women at some global playlists). These biases, however, do little to explain the low female share of streaming on Spotify, which we instead attribute to the relatively low share of female songs entering the platform.
    Keywords: Spotify, gender bias
    Date: 2018–12
  6. By: Alam Kazmi, Syed Hasnain; Zaman, Syed Imran; Wahab, Abdul; Yan, Kou
    Abstract: Modern era of management has seen a rise in the level of customer engagement, which was not that much of importance earlier. Earlier, brands tend to compete on the products or service they offer. In the recent digital era, it is much more than what a brand has to offer. The emergence of digital media has boosted the importance of customer engagement. Now, customers can easily get in touch with the companies through digital channels. Corporations use these channels to let customers aware about their offerings, ask for suggestions and recommendations, and solve the queries of the customers. This research is focus on ascertaining the relationship between customer engagement, customer satisfaction, and customer loyalty, and to identify how these factors impacts the repeat purchases in telecommunication sector. The research is based on descriptive research design; quantitative research design was trailed for questionnaire developing 5-point Likert scale technique.
    Keywords: customer engagement; customer satisfaction; customer loyalty; repeat purchase
    JEL: A10 M15 M31 O14
    Date: 2018–08–26
  7. By: Ferdinand Rauch; Kristiina Tuomikoski
    Abstract: Ferdinand Rauch, Kristiina Tuomikoski This paper presents a number of facts on the use of the Bodleian libraries by Oxford students. We pay particular attention to the importance of the distance between a student’s home and a library on the choice of which library to use. This small scale distance elasticity is an important parameter for urban economics. We find a distance elasticity of around -0.3, closer to zero than observed in related studies.
    Keywords: Library usage, Distance elasticity, Gravity model
    JEL: F14 R12
    Date: 2019–01–04

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