nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2019‒09‒09
thirteen papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  2. On Intercultural Relations and Hybridity in the documentary film "Presenting Princess Shaw" (2016) By Chana Batya Anzi Zalis
  3. The Impact of Socioeconomic and Cultural Differences on Online Trade By Daniel W. Elfenbein; Raymond Fisman; Brian McManus
  4. A 10-year Descriptive Analysis of Media Management Research By Siriwan Anantho
  5. Evolutionism in Music History: toward Reconciliation By Francisco Castillo
  6. Culture and local development: maximising the impact: A guide for local governments, communities and museums By OECD; ICOM
  7. Culture and the disposition effect By Bastian Breitmayer; Tim Hasso; Matthias Pelster
  8. The Rogosin Institute's Initiative to Promote Health Literacy (Case Study) By Meg Maxwell; Jane Ahn
  9. Surveying the Technical and Visual Facilities of Digital Technology in Mural Painting By Yasaman Farhangpour
  10. Quantifying the Intangible Impact of the Olympics Using Subjective Well-Being Data By Dolan, Paul; Kavetsos, Georgios; Krekel, Christian; Mavridis, Dimitris; Metcalfe, Renuka; Senik, Claudia; Szymanski, Stefan; Ziebarth, Nicolas R.
  12. The interdependence of domestic and international success: the case of the UEFA Champions League By Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Weber, Shlomo
  13. ?We Want the World and We Want It Now?: Jim Morrison as ?Guiding Spirit? of the Youth Counterculture By Kylo-Patrick Hart

  1. By: Sanem Bengü Uygunkan (Istanbul Ayd?n University)
    Abstract: Mass communication and mass media that bring new dimensions to communication among people affect the individual?s accordingly the masses level of knowledge, manner and attitude. According to Mills, mass media is the mirror of modern life of society. Mass media guides the society?s potential of motivation by selling image and data; with the data they disseminate mass media can give information about other societies and cultures? standard of living, relations of individuals and consumption areas of them (Quotation by Aziz, 1982, s. 48-50).While making sense of external reality, human beings starts out from his existing life and as the means of justification he uses his own popular culture icons (like actors, pop singers and etc.). But still he can?t change the external reality and it makes the icons meaningful unconsciously. This show the differences between mass culture and popular culture (Aydogan,2004, s.37).Popular culture is a consumption culture. While creating something popular, the existing popularity is used. Popular sport, sportsman, singers, ideas, manners, magazine heroes?something popular is covered and packed and consumers take part in the process making something popular by taking it (Erdogan, 1999, s.3). A material is sold directly. There is an indirect marketing through media.Stars can be called popular as they present sustainability, permanency. Stars are related with cultural industry with their trends, looks and novelty.Scanning model is a research method which aims to describe the situation existing in the past and today as it is (Karasar, 1995, s.77). This research is sample of scanning model. The research contains popular culture, connection of the stars, function of stars at creating and dissembling the popular culture and analyzing Ajda Pekkan who is the superstar of Turkey.During the research, related publishing ?n Turkish and English about image, icon, consumption, popular culture, development of star system are scanned. Super star Ajda Pekkan?s life is analyzed to discover the relation between popular culture and star system. Ajda Pekkan joined a contest to become the cover girl of ?Ses Magazine? in 1963 and chosen the first, then she started her professional career. So for this research all the news about her are scanned at this magazine to see the duration of her becoming a star.?Popular culture? and ?star? terms give essential clues about the cultural, economic, social features of society so the results of this research may be illuminating for this field.
    Keywords: Popular culture, Star system
    JEL: Y80 L82
    Date: 2019–07
  2. By: Chana Batya Anzi Zalis (Amity University)
    Abstract: The documentary film by Ido Haar, "Presenting Princess Shaw" (Israel, 2016) depicts a cultural encounter between Samantha Montgomery - a lesbian African-American woman who uses the stage name "Princess Show" - and the Israeli composer and musician, Ophir Kutiel, who goes by the nickname ?Kutiman?. Kutiman collects YouTube clips that have been uploaded to the web by amateurs and professional YouTubers . He then re-edits and ?mixes? them visually and musically into an independent art-work defined as Mashups . As in reality-shows that constitute a ?star? from an anonymous person, the film follows the process of transforming Samantha from an anonymous, socially incompetent and marginal black woman, into a cultural heroine. Samantha works for a living as a nurse in a retirement home in New Orleans until she becomes a celebrity. Throughout the film she is not aware that at the other end of the world, in a kibbutz in southern Israel, Kutiman, one of Israel's leading music producers and one of the world's most accomplished producers, is creating a movie/music project, that will become a viral hit. Only at the end of the film, after the music clip/movie is published on the web, Kutiman and Samantha meet and prepare for a collaborative performance at ?Habimah?, Israel?s National Theatre.Most of the criticisms of the film and Kutiman's ?mashup? practice underscore the subversive aspect of Kutiman's work and the democratic nature of the Internet that makes it possible. The film is described by critics as a ?story of Cinderella? penetrating the journey of a poor heroine who lives on the margins - to the mainstream through the altruistic mediation of Kutiman and Haar. Yair Raveh (2016), for example, views this inter-cultural encounter as an egalitarian ideal and calls it "a creative meeting." Similarly, Ohad Landesman (2016) claims that Kutiman and the film's director Haar redeem Samantha from her anonymity and give her an opportunity to fulfill herself as a musician. This paper will examine the issues that arise from transitions and intercultural contacts in the film. It will examine whether the Internet is a democratic space that undermines social strife or rather preserves the existing balance of power in society. At the center of the paper questions such as, if Kutiman's hybrid symphony manages to undermine the power balance (or relations) between the ?center? and the ?periphery?, and whether this project can be treated as an honest cooperation between artists or rather an example of exploitative relations will be discussed. The paper will explore the role that the virtual space (www) plays in this context and the contemporary meanings of the Internet.In order to discuss the role of the web in the film, several theories that analyze the impact of the Internet on social dynamics will be presented. In addition, postcolonial theories (i.e. Franz Fanon, Edward W. Said and Homi K. Bhabha) will be implemented in order to analyze the power dynamics between Kutiman and Samantha. The virtual space of the web will be put to test in the case of Kutiman?s praxis as a "third space" according to Bhabha?s terminology. Furthermore, it will examine if this ?third space? undermines the social hierarchy, whether Kutiman's hybrid ?mashup? technique/strategy - and Haar?s directorial approach - is subversive, as Bhabha's theory suggests, or does it rather pave a new path to exploitative relationships. Later, it will be argued that the ?exoticism? that Samantha's character undergoes in Kutiman's project - and in the film alike - enables her ?unappealing? to penetrate the heart of the mainstream. Yet, at the end she returns to her grim life as an attendant. The methodology applied includes an elaborate analysis of film reviews and theories dealing with the practice of ?mashup? and the Internet. In addition, the film's cinematic expressions will be analyzed along with an elucidation on how these cinematic tools serve the thesis of the film.
    Keywords: Gender, Hybridity, Inter-cultural, Post-colonialism, Social justice, Video-Music, ?Mash Up?, YouTubers, Exoticism
    Date: 2019–07
  3. By: Daniel W. Elfenbein; Raymond Fisman; Brian McManus
    Abstract: We use U.S. eBay data to investigate how trade is influenced by differences in socioeconomic characteristics, tastes, and trust. States’ similarity in cultural characteristics (ethnicity, religious affiliations, and political behavior) is predictive of online trade; cultural similarity similarly predicts trade between finer (three-digit zip code) geographies. The culture-trade relationship is mediated in part by consumers’ tastes, and is stronger for transactions with sellers who lack extensive reputations or certification, suggesting that consumers infer seller trustworthiness from cultural similarity. There is no correlation between cultural similarity and buyer satisfaction, consistent with perceived differences in trustworthiness not being validated by actual transactions.
    JEL: D12 D91 F14 L15 R12
    Date: 2019–08
  4. By: Siriwan Anantho (Center for Communication Policy Study)
    Abstract: Media management is a multidisciplinary approach that requires various kinds of knowledge including media studies, management, economics, politics and social science. The increasing development of communication technology has seriously affected people?s lifestyle and consumers? behavior. Government policies and guidelines have been revised to keep up with changing environment of media industry. Media managers and operators need to adjust themselves and look for new strategies to survive in high competitive market. The educational institutions also inevitably need to adapt themselves in order to cope with the new social context and market demand. This researcher conducted a descriptive study on media management research published from 2008 to 2017. The research objectives were to synthesize significant themes, theoretical concepts, and research methods in the area of media management. The research explored international database of thesis/dissertation, as well as international academic articles on media management. Using mixed methods approach, the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and qualitative content analysis. The results of the research showed that the topics related to media management appeared more in doctoral dissertation than in master?s theses. Additionally more media management articles were published in Journal of Media Business Studies (JOMBS) than other journals included in the study. The type of media most found in theses/dissertation database were new media, television and newspaper respectively, while television and newspaper were most found in articles published in selected journals. News was the most important area of media management study in both theses/dissertation database and academic journals. During 10 years time frame, most media management research used qualitative method, followed by quantitative and mixed methods respectively, and the theories employed were diverse and often integrated. Most research was conducted in the United States, only a few were from other countries, such as China, UK, India, Canada, France etc. The results of this study might be useful for media professionals and academics for future analysis and planning in media management.
    Keywords: media management, descriptive analysis, mixed method.
    Date: 2019–07
  5. By: Francisco Castillo (Universidad Distrital FJdC)
    Abstract: The first part of this paper identifies some of the reasons why evolutionism has been avoided in historical musicology in the Latin American context, including political ideologies, postcolonial studies, and philosophical positions. Moreover, nature has been used many times as an argument to validate music theory and musical hierarchies, causing the links between biology and musicology to be full of faults made by past thinkers. The second part presents some arguments derived from analysis, critically reviewing the objections to musical evolutionism and showing how these have misunderstood the basic principle of natural selection. The paper also discusses the possible claim of evolutionary biology as a useful tool in order to understand music history, while contributing to current discussions in music historiography.
    Keywords: Music History, Evolutionism, Historical musicology
    JEL: Y90
    Date: 2019–07
  6. By: OECD; ICOM
    Abstract: This Guide provides a roadmap for local governments, communities and museums on how to define together a local development agenda. It considers five dimensions: 1. Leverage the power of museums for local economic development, 2. Build on the role of museums for urban regeneration and community development, 3. Catalyse culturally aware and creative societies, 4. Promote museums as spaces for inclusion, health and well-being, 5. Mainstream the role of museums in local development.
    Date: 2019–09–05
  7. By: Bastian Breitmayer; Tim Hasso; Matthias Pelster
    Abstract: We study the relationship between national culture and the disposition effect by investigating international differences in the degree of investors' disposition effect. We utilize brokerage data of 387,993 traders from 83 countries and find great variation in the degree of the disposition effect across the world. We find that the cultural dimensions of long-term orientation and indulgence help to explain why certain nationalities are more prone to the disposition effect. We also find support on an international level for the role of age and gender in explaining the disposition effect.
    Date: 2019–08
  8. By: Meg Maxwell; Jane Ahn
    Abstract: This case study describes The Rogosin Institute’s (Rogosin’s) experience in implementing a health literacy initiative focused on chronic kidney disease (CKD).
    Keywords: ESCO, health literacy, home dialysis, vascular access, ESRD
  9. By: Yasaman Farhangpour (University of Florence)
    Abstract: Digital technology and new inventions caused changes in methods, facilities, living style, and eventually in art. New perceptions of aesthetic and existence appeared. In this regard, mural art and its concept experienced many alterations. Now, we observe diverse frescos benefitting from capabilities of soft and hardware digital, in the process of their creation. Acquisition of vast capabilities of digital technology, devices and facilities indicates that modern devices are more advanced and their utilities are more diverse than the traditional ones. Nowadays, with the expansion of technology and artists? tendency in using modern devices, necessity for perception of new concepts in fresco as a multi dimensional art is quite noticeable. Restrictions are minimized and possibility for performing them with modern capabilities in interaction with architecture, environment, space, and audience senses is provided and special visual attractions for artist and urban management is created.
    Keywords: Digital, Mural, Fresco, Visual, Multi dimensions
    Date: 2019–07
  10. By: Dolan, Paul (London School of Economics); Kavetsos, Georgios (Queen Mary, University of London); Krekel, Christian (London School of Economics); Mavridis, Dimitris (World Bank); Metcalfe, Renuka (Swansea University); Senik, Claudia (Paris School of Economics); Szymanski, Stefan (University of Michigan); Ziebarth, Nicolas R. (Cornell University)
    Abstract: Hosting the Olympic Games costs billions of taxpayer dollars. Following a quasi- experimental setting, this paper assesses the intangible impact of the London 2012 Olympics, using a novel panel of 26,000 residents in London, Paris, and Berlin during the summers of 2011, 2012, and 2013. We show that hosting the Olympics increases subjective well-being of the host city's residents during the event, particularly around the times of the opening and closing ceremonies. However, we do not find much evidence for legacy effects. Estimating residents' implicit willingness-to-pay for the event, we do not find that it was worth it for London alone, but a modest wellbeing impact on the rest of the country would make hosting worth the costs.
    Keywords: subjective well-being, life satisfaction, happiness, intangible effects, Olympic Games, sport events, quasi-natural experiment
    JEL: I30 I31 I38 L83
    Date: 2019–08
  11. By: Kavous Ardalan (Marist College)
    Abstract: Any explanation of culture is based on a worldview. The premise of this paper is that any worldview can be associated with one of the four broad paradigms: functionalist, interpretive, radical humanist, and radical structuralist. This paper takes the case of culture and discusses it from the four different viewpoints. It emphasizes that the four views expressed are equally scientific and informative; they look at the phenomenon from their certain paradigmatic viewpoint; and together they provide a more balanced understanding of the phenomenon under consideration.
    Keywords: Culture; Paradigms; Diversity
    Date: 2019–07
  12. By: Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Weber, Shlomo
    Abstract: This article explores interdependence of domestic and international success in sports where leading clubs enter international competitions while competing in their domestic leagues. Taking as starting point the success of Spanish football teams in the UEFA Champions League during the 2008-2018 decade, we provide a stylized game-theoretical model in which national competitions determine the level of competitive balance therein. We rationalize the hypothesis that intermediate levels of competitiveness within domestic competitions are instrumental in achieving international success.
    Keywords: competitive balance; domestic competitions; international competitions; Nash equilibrium; UEFA Champions League
    Date: 2019–08
  13. By: Kylo-Patrick Hart (Texas Christian University)
    Abstract: As he achieved growing recognition and fame as a singer-songwriter and lead vocalist of the rock band The Doors, Jim Morrison came to embody, in the assessment of his bandmate Ray Manzarek, the spirit of ?hippie counterculture rebellion? during the second half of the decade of the 1960s. In part that is because, with his revolutionary spirit and personal views pertaining to radical potentialities, Morrison began to serve as an impressive icon of the generation gap that existed between young people who hoped to change the world and older individuals, including conventional authority figures, who seemed set in their ways. Accordingly, this presentation examines Morrison?s status as a desirable leader of the youth counterculture in the United States during the 1960s. It demonstrates how Morrison?s outspoken views, bohemian lifestyle, rebellious personality, unpredictable performing style, experiences with psychedelic drugs and alcohol, extensive literary knowledge (which ranged from the works of Beat poets and writers to French existentialist philosophers), and intentional attempts to spark riots effectively combined to position him as an appealing 'guiding spirit' and source of solidarity to countless members of the youth counterculture of his day. It further demonstrates the substantial personal toll this cultural status took on Morrison as his career progressed toward the early 1970s, when he endeavored to take his métier in new directions yet found himself trapped in a celebrity persona he no longer wished to call his own, even though it was very much of his own making.
    Keywords: celebrity personacountercultureThe Doorsgeneration gapJim Morrisonradical potentialitiesThe Sixtiessolidarity
    JEL: L82 A31 D74
    Date: 2019–07

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