nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2019‒05‒20
six papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. "The race for innovation in the media and content industries: legacy players and newcomers. Lessons from the music and newspaper industries" By Pierre-Jean Benghozi; Elisa Salvador; Jean-Paul Simon
  2. Serving Time: Volunteer Work, Liminality and the Uses of Meaningfulness at Music Festivals By Maria Laura Toraldo; Gazi Islam; Gianluigi Mangia
  3. Closed House of Wonders museum: Implications to the tourism of Zanzibar Stone Town, UNESCO World Heritage Site By Chami, Maximilian; Kaminyoge, Gabriel
  4. Selling Hollywood to China By McMahon, James
  5. Explaining the Number of Social Media Fans for North American and European Professional Sports Clubs with Determinants of Their Financial Value By Nicolas Scelles; Boris Helleu; Christophe Durand; Liliane Bonnal; Stephen Morrow
  6. Do local public expenditures on sports facilities affect sports participation in Germany? By Steckenleiter, Carina; Lechner, Michael; Pawlowski, Tim; Schüttoff, Ute

  1. By: Pierre-Jean Benghozi (X-DEP-MIE - Département de Management de l'Innovation et Entreprenariat de l'École polytechnique - X - École polytechnique); Elisa Salvador (ESSCA School of Management, 55 quai Alphonse Le Gallo, 92513 Boulogne-Billancourt Cedex, France); Jean-Paul Simon
    Abstract: Cultural and creative industries (CCIs) are usually associated to "creativity" while high-tech industries are usually linked to "innovation". This distinction determines a sort of forgetfulness of the fact that also CCIs rely always on various series of updated technologies. As a consequence, the issue of innovation in CCIs is seldom dealt with. Nonetheless, one can wonder how do these industries really innovate and how they compete with powerful new competitors from the information technology (IT) world. This is the aim of this article focused on the music recording and the newspaper publishing industries. It explores how these industries are coping with subsequent waves of technologies. Recent findings provide a fresh understanding of the place and the very nature of innovation in these industries that, in fact, do not boil down to simply creating new contents. Instead, economic dynamics have recently been opened showing that CCIs are based on regular capacity for innovations which are nevertheless deployed in very different ways. The paper blends a general outlook that sets the scene of the transformations each industry went through with some selected case studies so as to highlight some innovative elements in every subsector. These case studies are followed by an analysis of the new players that build their position from technical intermediation functions. It reveals how "intermediaries"
    Keywords: creative industries,music industry,new middlemen,publishing industry,intermediaries,R&D and innovation
    Date: 2018
  2. By: Maria Laura Toraldo (USI - Università della Svizzera italiana); Gazi Islam (MC - Management et Comportement - Grenoble École de Management (GEM), IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc); Gianluigi Mangia
    Abstract: Drawing from a participant-observer study of volunteering in the context of U.K. music festivals, we examine how the sense of meaningfulness and community relate to instrumental goals of consumption and efficiency. We argue that the liminal nature of the festival setting supports an ambivalence in which meaningfulness is established through constructions of community, while the commodification of community feelings leads to heterogeneous understandings of the work setting. Our findings reveal heterogeneous ways in which work was rendered meaningful by festival volunteers, ranging from 1.) A commodity frame, characterizing work as drudgery seeking "fun" through consumption 2.) A "communitas" frame, emphasizing a transcendental sense of collective immediacy and 3.) A cynical frame, where communitas discourse is used instrumentally by both managers and workers. We discuss meaningful work as caught between creative community and ideological mystification, and how alternative workspaces vacillate between emancipatory principles of solidarity and neo-normative forms of ideological control.
    Keywords: Meaningful work,volunteer,liminality,ideology,ethnography
    Date: 2018
  3. By: Chami, Maximilian; Kaminyoge, Gabriel
    Abstract: This paper examines the impact of the closed House of Wonders Museum in the tourism industry of Stone Town, Zanzibar. The paper aims to propose the best practices taken into account due to the impact raised by the closure of the Museum. There has been no clear information on the overall situation which faces the site since 2012 when the Museum closed. Data collected through mixed methods, including the sample size of 105 tourists who visited the House of Wonders Museum, 8 Government Official, 6 Tour Guides and 8 Tour Operators. The findings show that the closed museum has affected the level of tourists’ satisfaction, tour operators, community and tour guides economically. The paper recommends quick rehabilitation and reconstruction of the Museum to save the integrity and authenticity of this World Heritage Site.
    Keywords: House of Wonders; Tourism; Zanzibar Stone Town; Museum, Heritage
    JEL: G14 L83 M31 Z0
    Date: 2019–04–15
  4. By: McMahon, James
    Abstract: From the 1980s to the present, Hollywood's major distributors have been able to redistribute U.S. theatrical attendance to the advantage of their biggest blockbusters and franchises. At the global scale and during the same period, Hollywood has been leveraging U.S. foreign power to break ground in countries that have historically protected and supported their domestic film culture. For example, Hollywood's major distributors have increased their power in such countries as Mexico, Canada, Australia and South Korea (Jin, 2011). This paper will analyze a pertinent 'test case' for Hollywood's global power: China and its film market. Not only does China have a film-quota policy that restricts the number of theatrical releases that have a foreign distributor (~ 20 to 34 films per year), the Communist Party has also nurtured a Chinese film business that has steady film releases and its own movie star system. Theoretically, China would be a prime example of a film market that would need to be opened with the assistance of the U.S. government. Empirically, however, the case of Chinese cinema might be a curious exception; we can investigate how a political economic strategy rooted in explicit power is reaching a limit. Hollywood is, potentially without any other option, taking a more friendly, collaborative approach with China's censorship rules and its quota and film-production laws.
    Keywords: China,cinema,Hollywood,power,international trade,United States
    Date: 2019
  5. By: Nicolas Scelles (University of Stirling); Boris Helleu (CesamS - Centre d'étude sport et activités motrices - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université); Christophe Durand (CesamS - Centre d'étude sport et activités motrices - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université); Liliane Bonnal (CRIEF - Centre de Recherche sur l'Intégration Economique et Financière - Université de Poitiers); Stephen Morrow (University of Stirling)
    Abstract: The aim of this article is to investigate the explanatory variables of the number of Facebook fans and Twitter followers for professional sports clubs based on the financial value literature. Such explanatory variables are related to local market conditions and on-field and off-field performance. Based upon a sample of North American major league clubs and the most valuable European soccer clubs as evaluated by Forbes over the 2011-2013 period (423 observations), our results indicate a range of variables with a significant positive impact on the number of social media fans: population, no competing team in the market, current sports performance, historical sports performance, facility age, attendance, operating income, expenses/league mean, and being an English football club. An improved understanding of the effectiveness of clubs' social media presence is important for contemporary sport managers in terms of enhancing supporter communication, involvement, and accountability, as well as maximizing clubs' revenue generation possibilities. Our findings could help sport managers to realize their clubs' social media potential in pursuit of these objectives, specifically to understand which variables are under-exploited and why some clubs over-perform, which will allow managers to prioritize decisions to increase their number of social media fans and financial value.
    Keywords: financial value JEL Classification: L83,on-field and off-field performance variables,social media,Facebook fans,Twitter followers,professional sports clubs,North America,Europe,local market variables,Z23
    Date: 2017–12
  6. By: Steckenleiter, Carina; Lechner, Michael; Pawlowski, Tim; Schüttoff, Ute
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the effect of local public expenditures on sports facilities on sports participation in Germany. To this end, we construct a new database containing public expenditures at the municipality level and link this information with individual level data. We form locally weighted averages of expenditures based on geographic distances since people also benefit from expenditures of neighboring municipalities. We analyze how effects of sports facility expenditures change with different expenditures levels (“dose-response relationship”) and find no effect of local public expenditures on sports facilities on the probability to practice sports. These findings are robust across different age groups and municipality sizes.
    Keywords: Sports, local public sports expenditure, continuous treatment, treatment effects doseresponse surface, semiparametric estimation
    JEL: H72 H75 C21
    Date: 2019–04

This nep-cul issue is ©2019 by Roberto Zanola. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.