nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2019‒03‒11
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Immigrant Artists: Enrichment or Displacement? By Borowiecki, Karol Jan; Graddy, Kathryn
  2. Economic impacts of the vale-cultura (culture voucher): a computable general equilibrium model By Gustavo Fernandes Souza; Ana Flávia Machado; Edson Paulo Domingues

  1. By: Borowiecki, Karol Jan (Department of Business and Economics); Graddy, Kathryn (Brandeis University)
    Abstract: In order to investigate the role of immigrant artists on the development of artistic clusters in U.S. cities, we use the U.S. Census and American Community Survey, collected every 10 years since 1850. We identify artists and art teachers, authors, musicians and music teachers, actors and actresses, architects, and journalists, their geographical location and their status as a native or an immigrant. We look at the relative growth rate of the immigrant population in these occupations over a ten year period and how it affects the relative growth rate of native-born individuals in these artistic occupations. We find that cities that experienced immigrant artist inflows, also see a greater inflow of native artists by about 40%.
    Keywords: Migration; agglomeration economies; cities; artists
    JEL: J61 N30 Z11
    Date: 2019–02–19
  2. By: Gustavo Fernandes Souza (Cedeplar-UFMG); Ana Flávia Machado (Cedeplar-UFMG); Edson Paulo Domingues (Cedeplar-UFMG)
    Abstract: Restricted access to consumption of cultural goods and services is one of the major problems faced by this sector in Brazil. To address this issue, the federal government created the Vale-Cultura, a voucher in which individuals receive an income transfer to be used exclusively for purchasing cultural goods and services. The aim of this study is to analyze the impacts of the Vale-Cultura in the cultural sector and in the economy in general. The methodology applied is the Brazilian Recursive Dynamic General Equilibrium model (BRIDGE). Our simulations found that GDP growth is driven mainly by the increase in household consumption. There is a positive variation in welfare, assessed by the equivalent and compensating variations in income for beneficiaries of the vouchers. Finally, a positive growth is projected at the level of activity of cultural sectors and negative growth in others, showing a reallocation of productive factors.
    Keywords: Culture, Vale-Cultura, CGE, Impacts, Consumption, Well-being, Sectoral Analysis.
    JEL: Z18 R13 I38
    Date: 2019–02
  3. By: Anis Jounaid (IRG - Institut de Recherche en Gestion - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12 - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée); Abdelmajid Amine (IRG - Institut de Recherche en Gestion - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12 - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée)
    Date: 2018–11–22

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