nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2019‒01‒21
seven papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. A cross-cultural study of the competition between online and offline media using a two-sided market approach: The media revenue niche dimension By Lee, Junwon; Ji, Sung Wook
  2. News on Fake News – Media Portrayals of Fake News by Japanese News Media By Cheng, John W.; Mitomo, Hitoshi
  3. What is the role of social media? Self-Mediation, Banksy and the resistance By Nien, Wei Ling
  4. YouTubers' labor process and autonomy in Taiwan By Chen, YuChing
  6. A Review of Influential Factors Affecting Undergraduate Students’ Creative Thinking By Puthyrom Tep; Sorakrich Maneewan; Saranya Chuathong; Matthew A. Easter
  7. The Impact of Culture and Intercultural Competence on the Performance of Students in Translation By Magda Madkour

  1. By: Lee, Junwon; Ji, Sung Wook
    Date: 2018
  2. By: Cheng, John W.; Mitomo, Hitoshi
    Abstract: This study quantitatively examines how the term 'fake news' is being portrayed by the Japanese news media using semantic network analysis. It uses newspapers as the representative as they are still one of the most influential news media in Japan. The data set consists of 624 newspaper articles that contain the word 'fake news' in Japanese and its equivalents extracted from the five national Japanese newspapers between 2015 and 2017. The analysis results have revealed six main themes within the articles. They show that fake news is mainly portrayed as an American problem that it is mainly associated with 'news about the US President,' 'the Trump-Russian inquiry,' and the 'media reportage of the US President.' On top of that, fake news is also portrayed an 'informational problem' that affects society through 'human-Internet interaction' and it has some 'implications for Japan' as well.
    Keywords: fake news,media portrayal,news media,content analysis,semantic network analysis
    Date: 2018
  3. By: Nien, Wei Ling
    Abstract: This paper underlines social media enterprise graffiti arts, through self-mediation to transform the meaning of popular culture. Methodology applied together semiology and literature review. In order to understand the logic of social media that the mediation opportunity structure, methodology is focused on the way of analysing images by Roland Barthes. The project includes Banksy's graffiti that represents anti-war. The result shows that the graffiti represents the meaning of popular culture, it has to be involved in social system (e.g. the formation of graffiti, political concepts, and anti-war) through self-mediation representing popular culture, and the importance of social media on the role of discursive public sphere. We cannot ignore the logic of self-mediation where it creates a field of opportunities for discursive identity. At the same time, pro and cons for social media should also be taken into account.
    Keywords: self-mediation,social media,semiology
    Date: 2018
  4. By: Chen, YuChing
    Abstract: In 2017, YouTuber channel has achieved tremendous growth in Taiwan, driving YouTuber as a popular career choice, but YouTuber's labor situation has not been well-known by outsiders. Therefore, this study uses the concept of immaterial labor to examine the labor process of YouTuber, analyzing how the autonomy works on the labor process. In this study, through in-depth interviews, the selected subjects mainly have subscribers higher than 10,000 and their types are DIY and entertainment. This study finds that creators maintain the autonomy of their creations through their works and fame, but the characteristics of the platform and the non-compete contracts are the major causes of controlling the creator's creative freedom. In addition, the management agencies, such as management companies, can be found as one of the factors that limit YouTubers' autonomy.
    Keywords: YouTube,YouTuber,product placement,immaterial labor,autonomy
    Date: 2018
  5. By: Aleksandr V. Rusanov (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Ksenia V. Komoza (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: The purpose of this article is detection of different possibilities for the representation of a university corporation in the UK realized through various museum practices. This research focuses on two groups of university museums selected on the principle whether they form some kind of a narrative or they can be examined as a anarrative. The presence or absence of the physical space of the museum was also taken into account. Various approaches were used during the research: analysis of representations and visual studies of museums; museum audience research, analysis of the interaction between museum spaces and urban community. As a result, the cases presented in the article bring us closer to understanding of how a museum changes, and what public and museum workers themselves invest in this concept, and how museum practices are used by British universities for accumulating their history
    Keywords: history of universities, museum studies, University museums, United Kingdom, representations of the past
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2018
  6. By: Puthyrom Tep (University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok); Sorakrich Maneewan (King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi); Saranya Chuathong (King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi); Matthew A. Easter (University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri)
    Abstract: Creative thinking was listed among the skills that are required for upcoming graduating students’ entry-level careers which become more important to global industries. Due to the importance of this concept, the need to investigate undergraduate students’ creative thinking has been rising. This article presents an overview of influential factors on undergraduate students’ creative thinking. The influential factors were reviewed in two main aspects – contextual and individual levels. Researchers have investigated the relationship between educational setting and parental factors affecting creative thinking in the contextual aspect, while in the individual level aspect, researcher has investigated the relationship between intelligence and personality affecting creative thinking. Based on various recent studies and related theories, key factors that influence undergraduate students’ creative thinking are outlined along with a proposed conceptual framework. In the future, establishing and testing the proposed conceptual framework in terms of defining the influential paths and key factors affecting creative thinking will be conducted.
    Keywords: Creative thinking, Educational setting, Intelligence, Parental factors, Personality
    Date: 2018–11
  7. By: Magda Madkour (Al-Imam University, Saudi Arabia)
    Abstract: The 21st century witnessed the emergence of Translation Studies, which include linguistics, comparative literature, sociology, semiotics, and communication. Translation Studies is also an interdisciplinary field that deals with the study of the theory, the description and application of translation, and cultural translation. Cultural Translation, which encompasses postcolonial translation studies, cultural gaps, and cultural manipulation, requires training the students of translation in the areas of social anthropology to help them achieve cultural and intercultural competence. Therefore, the purpose of the current quasi-experimental study was to provide the students with new translation training to help them understand the role of culture in translation. Examining the relationship between translation, linguistics, education, and social anthropology showed a shift in the purpose of translation from transferring information into a task of transmitting culture. Such a shift necessitates training the students to acquire socio-cultural skills by engaging them in discussions and dialogues about the culture of the original texts. The current study was an attempt to help students perceive the relationship between translation and culture to understand that some texts, specifically literary texts, do not only involve mastering two languages syntactically and semantically, but they also require communicative skills to analyze the social anthropological aspects of the texts, including culture, religion, and ideological and political issues. Therefore, this study applied the recent collaborative pedagogy for translation, which is based on improving social and cultural skills, for providing the students with the strategies for enhancing their professional practices within a social-constructivist educational environment. Moreover, emphasizing the concept of cultural turn in the work of polysystems in translation, the significance of this study lies in analyzing a number of theories to examine the relationship between translation, linguistics, and social anthropology and their impact on students’ culture and intercultural competence.
    Keywords: collaborative pedagogy, cultural translation, linguistics, social anthropology, Translation Studies, translation theories
    Date: 2018–11

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