nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2018‒10‒01
two papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Peculiarities of anonymous comments’ management: a case study of Lithuanian news portals By Tadas Limba; Aurimas Šidlauskas
  2. First Nations Cultural Approaches to Work in Canada: A Multiple Case Study By Susanne Thiessen

  1. By: Tadas Limba (Mykolas Romeris University); Aurimas Šidlauskas (Mykolas Romeris University)
    Abstract: In the world of today's information technologies, data may spread through cyber space at the speed of lightning. News portals constantly update the information available at their disposal by posting new articles. In order to attract new readers and to retain existing ones, in addition to focussing on publishing quality content, portal managers work on continuously improving their sites. These websites may have various interactive features, among them the opportunity to comment on an article. In some news portals, the number of anonymous comments is particularly high. The activities of online commenters and the issues related to their anonymity have always generated heated discussion owing to a number of reasons, including the content of the comments, the right of the commenters to remain anonymous and the extent to which the portal manager could be held liable. News portals equipped with an anonymous commenting function give rise to a culture of online bullying and hate-mongering where the cyber-criminals feel immune from punishment and existing control measures are insufficient for addressing the problem. The advocates of anonymous commenting argue that it promotes freedom of expression and portal administrators claim they can control defamatory and offensive anonymous comments by deleting them. The article discusses the theoretical aspects of anonymity, anonymous commenting and anonymous comments. Based on a case study of the most popular news portals in Lithuania, and, in particular, on a comparative analysis of the privacy policy and the environment for commenting in three of them, the authors offer empirical data on the ratio between the number of comments and that of the commenters. The main purpose of the article is to reveal the peculiarities of anonymous comments' management of the news portals that enjoy the greatest popularity in Lithuania.
    Keywords: Internet,news portals,anonymous comments,hate speech,privacy
    Date: 2018–06–29
  2. By: Susanne Thiessen (Camosun College)
    Abstract: Many organizations in Canada have the opportunity to diversity their workforce and replace an aging workforce with a quickly growing Indigenous population. Maintaining a diverse workforce is becoming critically important for organizations as they operate in a complex environment requiring multiple approaches to problem-solving and the integration of a diversity of perspectives to maintain a competitive advantage. The availability of Indigenous workers who have unique cultural perspectives would seem to be a perfect solution, however, there is a problem as to how to support and retain these workers. This issue is demonstrated by the fact that in 2011, the unemployment rate for Indigenous people in Canada was measured at 12.3%, compared with 6.8% for non-Indigenous people and numbers on retention reflect this disparity. Though barriers to successful employment are numerous and complex, Indigenous people cite a lack of cultural understanding from managers and peers as one of the key issues that they face with regard to gaining and retaining employment. Therefore, this qualitative, multiple case study explored further and expanded on how Indigenous cultural approaches to work and subsequent work interactions influence employment and employment retention from an Indigenous perspective. Data was collected and analyzed from 12 participants; a focus group of six as well as six individual in depth interviews with First Nations men and women over 18 and under 55 who had a minimum of five years? work experience. Understanding the context of culture and the influences on work outcomes for Indigenous people may generate new understanding of the problems and their placement in work engagement theory.
    Keywords: Indigenous Engagement Work Cross Cultural
    Date: 2018–06

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