nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2018‒09‒17
five papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. Cultural consumption and the artistic benefit By Michele Bonazzi; Andrea Pastore; Francesco Casarin
  2. The cultural omnivorousness and the consumption of performing arts By Michele Bonazzi; Francesco Casarin
  3. Deciphering the Cultural Code: Cognition, Behavior, and the Interpersonal Transmission of Culture By Lu, Richard; Chatman, Jennifer A.; Goldberg, Amir; Srivastava, Sameer B.
  4. The effect of culture on home-ownership By Marcén, Miriam; Morales, Marina
  5. Different Cultural Layers: Different Effects on Development? By Judit Kapas

  1. By: Michele Bonazzi (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice); Andrea Pastore (Dept. of Economics, Università Ca' Foscari Venice); Francesco Casarin (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice)
    Abstract: This research-based paper aims to analyse the benefits linked with the art & culture consumption in order to improve their taxonomy. Starting from a list of benefits composed by five voices: functional, symbolic, emotional, social and artistic, this paper is dedicated to an analysis aimed at understanding what are the features that a cultural product of performing arts should have. Particular attention is dedicated to the artistic benefit, defined as the feeling of being part of the artistic process. This benefit, through the optic of the customer engagement, helps to push forward arts and culture marketing and management into a service-dominant logic. Data collection and analysis are divided in two main studies. The first qualitative, explorative and item-generation study is based on in-depth interviews with pivotal witnesses of the art management process; the second quantitative study intends to purify the items generation process and evaluate the validity of the identified semantic dimensions in comparison with the starting framework. The results confirm the relevance of the topic for the arts consumption in order to shed light on the customer engagement process within the art & culture marketing and management dynamics.
    Keywords: artistic benefit, arts management; cultural consumption; customer engagement; performing arts; value co-creation.
    JEL: M31 Z11
    Date: 2018–09
  2. By: Michele Bonazzi (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice); Francesco Casarin (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice)
    Abstract: This paper aims to understand and investigate the relationship between the cultural omnivorousness and the research of the artistic benefit in the fruition of cultural products. The hypothesis at the base of the research is that the omnivore, as an expert and consumer protagonist of his time and of his choices, moves in search of artistic enriching experiences based on the sense of re-enchantment and authenticity as an antidote to the experiential standardization and homologation. To search for the conceptual link between omnivorousness and artistic benefit, in the context of the fruition behaviors, this research aims to understand, through a mixed methods methodology, the point of view of the omnivore user and to investigate his cultural logic of distinction. The aim is to identify managerial implications for the planning of new business models in the cultural and artistic fields.
    Keywords: artistic benefit; arts management; co-creation of value; cultural omnivorousness; cultural processes, performing arts.
    JEL: M31 Z11
    Date: 2018–09
  3. By: Lu, Richard (?); Chatman, Jennifer A. (?); Goldberg, Amir (Stanford University); Srivastava, Sameer B. (?)
    Abstract: From the schoolyard to the boardroom, the pressures of cultural assimilation pervade all walks of social life. Why are some people more successful than others at cultural adjustment? Research on organizational culture has mostly focused on value congruence as the core dimension of cultural fit. We develop a complementary conceptualization of cognitive fit--perceptual accuracy, or the degree to which a person can decipher the group's cultural code. We demonstrate that the ability to read the cultural code, rather than identification with the code, matters for contemporaneous behavioral conformity. We further show that a person*s behavior and perceptual accuracy are both influenced by observations of others* behavior, whereas value congruence is less susceptible to peer influence. Drawing on email and survey data from a mid-sized technology firm, we use the tools of computational linguistics and machine learning to develop longitudinal measures of cognitive and behavioral cultural fit. We also take advantage of a reorganization that produced quasi-exogenous shifts in employees' interlocutors to identify the causal impact of peer influence. We discuss implications of these findings for research on cultural assimilation, the interplay of structure and culture, and the pairing of surveys with digital trace data.
    Date: 2018–05
  4. By: Marcén, Miriam; Morales, Marina
    Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the role of culture in determining whether, or not, an individual is a homeowner. We use data on first-generation immigrants who arrived in the United States under 6 years old. Following the epidemiological approach, those early-arrival immigrants grew up under the same US laws, markets, and institutions, so any dissimilarity in the proportion of homeowners by country of origin may be interpreted as a consequence of cultural differences. Our estimates indicate that there is a positive and statistically significant relationship between the cultural proxy, that is, the proportion of individuals who are homeowners by country of origin, and the immigrants' choice of home-ownership. Results are maintained after controlling for home-country observable and unobservable characteristics, and are consistent in several subsamples. Neither the differences in the formation of couples (same or different origin) nor the existence (or not) of mortgage financing appear to be driving our findings. Additionally, we present evidence of different mechanisms of transmission of culture (horizontal transmission, respect for elders, and gender roles), which reinforces our results on the cultural effect.
    Keywords: Culture,Immigrants,Home-ownership
    JEL: J15 R20 Z13
    Date: 2018
  5. By: Judit Kapas (University of Debrecen)
    Abstract: This paper relies on the idea that culture has several layers which can be separated on the basis of the degree of stickiness between a particular cultural component and formal institutions. This procedure, by allowing us to focus on more specific questions as to how culture affects development, helps improve the somewhat controversial empirical results of the literature.As an extension of the theory of institutional stickiness (Boettke et al. 2008), I distinguish two cultural layers: a rigid and a slow-moving layer. The rigid layer includes values reflecting the most basic norms, judgments, and beliefs, which do not change. The slow-moving layer includes those cultural components that depend upon individuals? circumstances and the prevailing institutions, and can change if these change. The degree of stickiness between the slow-moving layer and institutions is very high because institutions find their roots directly in that cultural layer. However, the rigid layer and institutions are a bit ?farther? from one other, which allows a certain degree of divergence from a perfect correspondence between them. In the cross-country empirical analyses, including IV estimations, I check the hypotheses derived from this stickiness model, and focus on how a particular cultural layer operating in conjunction with institutions affects development. When it comes to the rigid layer proxied by individual values (Schwartz 1999), besides establishing that both values and institutions are strong determinants of development, I also find that their interaction acts as a separate factor. This means that values are not fully embodied in institutions. The effect of the slow-moving layer proxied by trust (WVS), however, is very different: trust does not exert an impact on development once institutions are controlled for, and there is no interaction between them, meaning that trust is crystallized in institutions. The results are very robust to alternative variables and specifications.
    Keywords: instututions, culture, economic development
    JEL: E02 O43
    Date: 2018–06

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