nep-cul New Economics Papers
on Cultural Economics
Issue of 2018‒05‒28
three papers chosen by
Roberto Zanola
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale

  1. The Production of Information in an Online World: Is Copy Right? By Julia Cage; nicolas Hervé; Marie-Luce Viaud
  2. Materials for the Thesaurus of Chinese Culture: Ornithological Vocabulary in Chinese Lexicography and Art Literature By Grieva, Alexandra; Starostin, Georgiy
  3. Philosophical and historical causes of social transformation in the attitude of Ibn khaldun By Mohammad Akvan; Mahmood Seyyed

  1. By: Julia Cage (Département d'économie); nicolas Hervé (Institut national de l'audiovisuel (INA)); Marie-Luce Viaud (Institut national de l'audiovisuel (INA))
    Abstract: This paper documents the extent of copying and estimates the returns to originality in online news production. We build a unique dataset combining all the online content produced by the universe of news media (newspaper, television, radio, pure online media, and a news agency) in France during the year 2013 with new micro audience data. We develop a topic detection algorithm that identifies each news event, trace the timeline of each story and study news propagation. We show that one quarter of the news stories are reproduced online in less than 4 minutes. High reactivity comes with verbatim copying. We find that only 32.6% of the online content is original. The negative impact of copying on newsgathering incentives might however be counterbalanced by reputation effects. By using media-level daily audience and article-level Facebook shares, we show that original content represents 57.8% of online news consumption. Reputation mechanisms actually appear to solve about 40% of the copyright violation problem.
    Keywords: Copyright; Facebook; Information spreading; Internet; Investigative journalism; Reputation
    JEL: L11 L15 L82 L86
    Date: 2017–05
  2. By: Grieva, Alexandra (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Starostin, Georgiy (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: This work is presented in the framework of a more extensive project on compiling an ancient Chinese dictionary of a new type, collectively developed by the staff of the Oriental Studies Laboratory of SASH of RANEPA. An integral part of this work is a consistent description of individual semantic fields, especially those that may have a special, "symbolic" significance for the classical cultural code. One of such fields is ornithological - the names of birds, which already in the most ancient monuments of Chinese literature have a pronounced allegorical symbolism. An important task of composing the thesaurus is clarifying both the specific meanings of certain elements of the "ornithological field" and their symbolic connotations found in monuments, dictionaries and classical commentaries.
    Date: 2018–04
  3. By: Mohammad Akvan (Islamic Azad University); Mahmood Seyyed (Department of History, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University)
    Abstract: Every society, whether simple and elementary or complex and advanced, has changed in the historical context. This change has always been due to some reasons which have absorbed historians', philosophers' and researchers' attention. In fact, change and transformation have been considered as integral parts, inherent nature and internal features of human societies. What matter is that every change and transformation happens because of some reasons that have historical, cultural, political and social roots, all of which realize in the context of history and force the human society to experience change and transformation.Ibn Khaldun as a social researcher and history philosopher has constantly paid attention to the inherent dynamics and internal upheaval of the human society and discussed its movement course, quality of change procedure in the context of history. He concerned both short-term and long-term changes. He has spent time seeking such social changes. Ibn Khaldun' attitude to social changes can be considered as a kind of evolutionism, because he in his historical explanation and analysis of human communities and relevant processes, looked at both evolution and its causes and also various stages of social transformation and its features. In fact, from Ibn Khaldun's point of view, movement from a certain kind of community to another takes place in a longitudinal link and communities are located in cyclic and evolutionary process, that is, every community comes into existence and takes steps to perfection, it begins its downward trend then, finally changes into another one. What matters in the attitude of Ibn Khaldun, is that he never believes this cyclic and evolutionary movement of communities and their repeatability to be algebraic and uniform. In his opinion this movement is a kind of evolution and creation accompanied by growth and perfection. Thus societies emerge, are formed, grow and develop, eventually are transformed, but their existence signs, that is, culture and civilization never disappear completely and just are transferred from one community to another. So another community with previous cultural background and civilization is formed in another horizon. Therefore, in Ibn Khaldun's view, change and transformation is not a closed cycle but it has an open horizon toward perfection and progress. In this article, efforts have been made to study the historical, philosophical causes of social changes and transformation from Ibn Khaldun's perspective.
    Keywords: Ibn Khaldun, social transformation, social evolution, perfectionism, cyclic movement , evolutionary movement .
    Date: 2018–04

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